Hi my name is Dr. Elizabeth and I would like to tell you all about the Fossa. I was working with Luke Dollar on his project, and i wanted to tell you all about his project.
Luke Dollar was a student at Duke University training to be an EMT. Until he went back home to his home town in Alabama, and walking around his grandparents farm. When he was walking around he took a stroll through the woods, and found a spot were a lot of tree's have been cut down, at that moment he realized that he wanted to be a Scientist.
Years ago, Luke went to Madagascar as a student tracking lemurs. One day he found out that one of the lemurs that he had been tracking all of a sudden went missing. Turns out that the lemur happened to have been a meal of oneMadagascar's carnivore, the Fossa. Since the time Luke found out that his lemur had been in fact been dinner for another animal, he became interested in that other animal, the Fossa. He was researching the Fossa and found that it was Madagascar's largest endemic predator. The importance of the Fossa as a keystone species had been growing ever since Madagascar has been facing increasingly serious conservation issues, mostly deforestation.
Lately Luke has been working with the Earthwatch Institute, getting kids involved with nature. Since he is getting kids involved, they get to experience what hedoes, and they get to help him out with that. Most kids decide right then and there that, that is what they want to do for the rest of their lives. The reason he is getting kids and members of the public is so that they can help provide them other ways of helping nature instead of just destroying it, because of Luke doing this things have changed a lot and they are getting much closer to solving the problem.
Luke isn't just working with kids, but he is working with the Malagasystudents (Madagascar people), and he's working with them so they can work with their parents and friends to help change Madagascar. He has also gotten volunteers from American and Europe to come over and help. You'd normally think that if someone from another place came to your land you wouldn't want them there, but its different in Madagascar. Everyone is interested in each other and happy that they are there to help them.
The project that Luke has started to change people and Madagascar. There is one person that has changed their career path completely and has gotten a PhD, and now has become their full time Fossa veterinarian. The citizen's love what he has done, and changed. Luke has changed Madagascar for the better, and now Fossa's will have a nice place to stay without dyeing off so quickly.
After his projectI felt more excited to pursue my research on the Cryptoprocta Ferox.I joined the German collage named Technische Universitt Mnchen, their research was on another animal, but I found out that that other animals name wasthe Eulenur species. Research shows that there was a co-evolutionary relationship between the Fossa and the main predator of the eulemur species, andof otherlemurs. Thismeaning thatpredation may have been one of the mainreasons for the evolution of cathemerality in lemurs.
The Fossa lives in the forests from the coastal lowlands to the mountain areas.The Fossa is a territorial, solitary, nocturnal animal. They are very excellent climbers and move through the branches of trees searchingof their prey.The Fossa may be found in the high tree lines, and they dont tend to travelaway from the forestmich,only when there is no other prey for them to eat.The reason the Fossadoesnt like to travel outside of theforest, is because the ofrest is what keeps them safe, mostly.
ir reproductive system is like most reproductive systems, male and women. The only thing that is different is the fact that they only have sexual intercourse for 2 months, which are September and October, and after three months of having the babies in their womb, they will have between 2 to 4 young weighing at 100 grams.
The fossa is a meat-eating mammal that lives in the forests of Madagascar. The Fossa is closely related to the mongoose. They have a life span of 20 years old. The Fossa is a sleek, furry animalwhich looks like a cross between acat and a dog.
The main reason that the humans are having an impact on the Fossa is because of habitat loss, mostly forest. Also the combination with hunting and persecution of them eating their livestock. Because this species is not yet putunder the protection of the national legislation, some have been put in captive breeding program's, to restore their species. There are many different types of species, some are endangered, extinct, and some are good enough that we don't have to worry about them at all. We call a group, species, family, or genus a taxon. These taxon's have many categories, and I am going to tell you about them from least concern to extinct.
Least concern - the taxon is recorded as least concern when it has been officially evaluated and it does not fit the criteria and does not qualify anything below least concern, such as near threatened, or vulnerable, etc. widespread and abundant taxa are put in this category
Near threatened - a taxon is near threatened when it has been evaluated against the criteria, but then it does not qualify for critically endangered or endangered, etc. it so happens that it is likely for it to qualify for endangered in the near future.
Vulnerable - a taxon is vulnerable when available evidence says that it meets any criteria betweenA -E for vulnerable. It is therefore considered to have a high risk of extinction in the wild
Endangered - a taxon is endangered when the best available evidence shows that it meets the criteria betweenA -E for endangered. Therefore it is a high risk that it will end up being extinct in the future of the wild
Critically endangered - a taxon is critically endangered when the best available evidence indicates that It meets the criteria betweenA - E. it is therefore considered to have an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
Extinct in the wild - a taxon extinct in the wild is known only to survive in captivity or in naturalized population
Extinct - a taxon is extinct when there is no other known animal of that species alive.
The Endangered SpeciesAct of 1973 aims to protect and conserve the ecosystem which endangeredand threatend species live on.The Endagered Species Act was signed into law byPresident Nixonin December, 1973.This act protects both plants and animals, and is administrered by the US Fish and Wildlife Servie and NOAA Fisheries.
The Fossa has a cat-like appearance, with blunt noses and large, forward-facing eyes. TheFossa's total body length ranges from 610 - 800 mm, with a tail the same length.They are covered in short, thick fur of reddish-brown color, there are sometimes black individuals.They also have short, curved, retractile claws, rounded ears, and teeth that are shorter and fewer in number than other viverrids. A viverrid is a small family of carnivorous mammals. The life span of a Fossa in the wild is unknown, but the longest one has lived in captivity has been up too 20 years of age.
The foss'a mating season is very interesting, they only mate in the months of September and October. Their mating ritual is very aggressive and can last for 165 minutes. Since they mate in the months of September and October, their young are born in a den in the months of, December and January. After a three month waiting period, their will be up to 2 to 4 young that weigh 100 grams, each. When they are born they are born blind and with no teeth, but they are born with fur. When the Fossa's reach the age of 4 1/2 months, they venture out of the den. The young Fossa's leave their mother, between the age's of 15 and 20 months. When they are 2 years old they attain their adult teeth, but at the age of 4 years, they reach their full adult size.
The Foss'a are very territorial. The Fossa's are also very secretive and primarily nocturnal. They sometimes come out during the day time. They like to keep to themselves, the only time they are not keeping to themselves, is during mating season. Both sexes of the Fossa mark their territory with scent gland. Aggressive behavior is not common at all, only during mating season.
The Fossa's food consists mainly on small animals,lemurs, birds, reptiles, frogs, and insects and livestock.
I have not been able to find out about anything that eats the Fossa. All thought there is no animal out there that hunts the Fossa, there are other things that hunt the Fossa. Those other things happen to be humans. The reason the humans hunt the Fossa is because the Fossa tends to eat some of the farmers livestock. That is what makes them endangered species.