The cultural analysis

This report serves as a basis for understanding the impact of the different aspect of

Geographical Setting

  1. Location
  2. Peru: Western South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean between Chile and Ecuador 10 00 s and 76 00 w

    Mexico: Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, between Belize and the United States and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and the United States 23 00 N, 102 00 W

  3. Climate
  4. Peru: Tropical in the east and dry desert in the west and temperate to frigid in the Andes

    Mexico: varies from tropical to desert

  5. Topography

Peru: Western coastal plain; high and rugged Andes in the center and eastern lowland jungle of the Andes.

Mexico: high, rugged mountains; low coastal plains; high plateaus; desert

Social Institutions

Family

  1. The nuclear family
  2. Peru: The male head of household is in charge after which is his wife follows him in this respect and on average has 5.1 persons

  3. The extended family
  4. Peru: To some extent the extended family plays a role

  5. Dynamics of the family
    1. Parental roles
    2. The women exercise considerable control over their own affairs with respect to property and marketing.

    3. Marriage and courtship

    Peru: Dance occasions for formalized flirtation between the sexes before marriage

  6. Female/male roles

Education

The role of education in society

  1. Primary education
  2. Peru: Pre Primary 1 year - 5 to 6 years

    Primary 6 years - 6 to 11 years

  3. Secondary education
  4. General Secondary 2 years - 12 to 14 years

    Academic Secondary 3 years- 14 to 16 years

    Technical Secondary 3 years - 14 to 17 years

  5. Higher education

Literacy rates

  1. Political System
  2. Peru: Constitutional Republic

    Mexico: Federal Republic

  3. Political Parties
  4. Peru: Alliance for progress, Alliance for the future, Central Front, National renovation Party, National Restoration party, National Solidarity party, Peru possible, Peruvian Aprista party, Peruvian Nationalist party, Popular Christian Party, and Union of Peru

    Mexico: Convergence for Democracy, Institutional Revolutionary Party, Labor Party, Mexican Green Ecological, National Action Party, New Alliance Party, Party of the Democratic Revolution, Stability of government

  5. Special taxes
  6. Peru: Corporate tax, individual tax and Consumption tax

    Mexico: Social security contributions, Corporate income tax, Payroll tax, Property tax Vehicle tax, Value added tax (VAT)

  7. Role of local government

Legal system

  1. Organization of the judiciary system
  2. Peru: Supreme Court of justice

    Mexico: Supreme Court of Justice

  3. Code, common, socialist, or Islamic -Law country
  4. Participation in patents, trademark, and other conventions
  5. Peru: Utility industrial and copyright laws

  6. Marketing laws

Peru: On marketing illegal products in the country such as Drugs

Social organizations

  1. Group behavior
  2. Social Classes
  3. Peru: Organized into three social classes. The upper class which is a minority and principally found in Lima; consisting of approximately 3% of the total population. The middle class consists 60% including workers and professionals and the lower class consisting of the rest of the population.

    Mexico: Upper class (minority), the middle class and the lower class

  4. Clubs, other organizations
  5. Peru: Jazz clubs, Pubs, bars, taverns, and drinking dens

    Mexico: Bars, Pubs and clubs

  6. Race, ethnicity and subcultures

Peru: Amerindian 45%, mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3%

Mexico: mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, white 9%, other 1%

Business customs and practices

Religion and aesthetics

A. Religion and other belief system

  1. Orthodox doctrines and structures
  2. Peru: Roman Catholic, Seventh day Adventist, christians

    Mexico: Roman Catholic, Protestant, Pentecostal, Jehovah's Witnesses. other 0.3%, unspecified, none

  3. Relationship with people
  4. Which religions are prominent
  5. Peru: Roman Catholic

    Mexico: Roman Catholic

  6. Membership of each religion
  7. Peru: Roman Catholic 81%, Seventh day Adventist 1.4% and Christian 0.7%

    Mexico: Roman Catholic 76.5%, Protestant 6.3% (Pentecostal 1.4%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.1%, other 3.8%), other 0.3%, unspecified 13.8%, none 3.1%

  8. Any powerful or influential cults

Peru: The Peruvian vampire

The sun cult

Mexico: The death saints

B. Aesthetics

  1. Visual arts
  2. Peru: Contemporary Art and craft

    Mexico: Tapestry

  3. Drama, ballet and other performing arts
  4. Peru: Ballet

    Mexico: ballroom styles such as the waltz, the shottishe, and the polka.

  5. Folklore and relevant symbols

Living conditions

A. Diet and nutrition

  1. Meat and vegetable consumption rates
  2. Typical meals
  3. Peru: Potatoes

    Mexico: Quesadillas Tortillas, Enchiladas Tortillas,Tostadas, Tamales Meat or vegetables stuffed in a corn dough shell, dulces ,and Tortas.

  4. Malnutrition rates
  5. Peru: Economic development has been highly uneven around the country. In the Apurmac region in the southern Andes, the poverty rate actually has risen slightly since 2004, to 75%. (Wallstreet Journal)

    Mexico: High prevalence of widespread malnutrition

  6. Foods available

Peru: Potatoes and avocado

B. Housing

  1. Types of housing available
  2. Peru: Traditional adobe houses are built of earthen brick

    Mexico: Concrete, brick, wood holdings and terracotta roofing

  3. Do most people own or rent
  4. Peru: Most people own their houses

  5. Do most people live in one-family dwelling or with other families

C. Clothing

  1. National dress
  2. Peru: Cuzco

    Mexico: China poblana

  3. Types of clothing worn at work

Peru: Unkua

D. Recreation, sports, and other leisure activities

  1. Types available and in demand
  2. Peru: Main sporting activity is soccer followed by hiking, trekking, white water rafting, para gliding, sport fishing, rock climbingmountain biking, surfing and sand boarding

    Mexico: Soccer and the bullfighting and lightweight boxing.

  3. Percentage of income spent on such activities

A lot of money and when the national team is playing, the country shuts down

E. Social security

Peru: Social insurance and mandatory individual account system.

Mexico: Individual account and a benefit program

F. Health care

Peru: There is a wide range of deep jungles diseases and are quite common in the coastal regions. The government looks after the poorer sections of the population and provides them the medical facilities free of costs. Peru hospitals are distributed all over the country and there are two major ones that have the medical faculty and technical equipment to deal with serious diseases.

Bibliography

  • Fighting Malnutrition in Mexico: . (2009). Retrieved May 6, 2010, from unu.edu: http://www.unu.edu/unupress/food/8f044e/8F044E04.htm
  • Patent Services in Peru. (2003 - 2010). Retrieved May 5, 2010, from patentarea.com: http://www.patentarea.com/PatentServicePage.aspx?CountryCode=PERU
  • Paying Taxes in Mexico. (2010). Retrieved May 6, 2010, from doingbusiness.org: http://www.doingbusiness.org/ExploreTopics/PayingTaxes/Details.aspx?economyid=127
  • Peru Health Care System. (2009). Retrieved May 5, 2010, from mapsofworld.com: http://www.mapsofworld.com/peru/health/healthcare-system.html
  • Popular Food in Mexico. (2007). Retrieved May 5, 2010, from whatmexico.com: http://www.whatmexico.com/food-popular.html
  • Viva Travel Guides Peru. (n.d). Retrieved May 6, 2010, from vivatravelguides.com: http://www.vivatravelguides.com/south-america/peru/peru-activities/sports-and-recreation-in-peru/

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