Education in Malaysia
In 1996, Malaysia is known information and communication technology (ICT) as one of the essential bases for its planned conversion from a production-based economy to a knowledge-based economy by 2020. In maintaining these targets, the government also recognized that such a conversion will need an employee efficient of applying ICT to produce fresh economic chances. In order to improve this ability fund, the government reported under the 8th Malaysia Plan they require to re-engineer the country's learning technique and ally with it with its Vision 2020. Malaysia plans to convert its academic system, in a queue with and in encouragement of the nation's drive to accomplish Vision 2020(Razali 2003).
Smart School is an education technique which education tradition that remakes methodically teaching-learning and school control in order to ready kids for knowledge period. Smart school had come to be one of the seven flagships of the multimedia super Corridor (MSC) that will convey out in 2000 in Malaysia. Before time in 1996; the ministry of education was produced regulations of smart school notion. There was teaching and learning established on inventive thinking. Education as an significant part in smart school notion when a smart school project exists as one of the implementations that is section of Malaysia Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC) (Zain, Murugaiah et al. 2002). 1.1 Smart Schools in Malaysia: Envisioning the future
"Education in Malaysia is an on-going effort towards further developing the potential of individuals in a holistic and integrated manner, so as to produce individuals who are intellectually, spiritually, emotionally, and physically balanced and harmonious, based on a firm belief in and devotion to God. Such an effort is designed to produce Malaysian citizens who are knowledgeable and competent, who posses high moral standards, and who are responsible and capable of achieving high levels of personal well-being as well as being to contribute to the harmony and betterment of the family, the society and the nation at large." (Malaysian Ministry of Education).
According to Peow (2005).Learning institution of Smart School was created systemically reinvented in term of teaching and learning practice and school management in order to prepare student for information age. In information age, a Smart School will evolve over time continuously developing its professional staff, education resource and its administrative capability to adapt to changing condition, while continuing to prepare student life.
1.2 The benefit of Smart School
According to Hanan and Huwail (2008). The benefit of Smart School assessment is teacher; student and parents will be able to access on-line assessment items. It will causes increasing of living certification, which not only attest to student cumulative accomplishments but will also be open to continued improvement on a lifetime basis. The new teaching strategies will need teaching-learning materials designed that will accommodate student differing need and abilities .it is will lead students to take greater responsibility for managing efficiently and effectively when the primary objective were correlation with the resource and process that required to support the teaching -learning function. The smart School management will need strong, professional administrative and teachers who can articulate school goals clearly, led teaching at the school, and elicit strong parental and community support to fulfill its objective.
Finally, Smart School is important in education system in line with and in support of the nation drive to fulfill vision 2020 in Malaysia .At the same time , the individuals who are intellectually ,spiritually, emotionally and physically balanced and harmonious can be well produce(Hanan and Huwail 2008).
1.3 Goal and objective of Smart School
Based on Ali, Malaysia et al (2009).The goal and objective of Smart School contain five important agenda that need to be fulfill which is provide all-round development of the individual (intellectual, physical, emotional, spiritual),provide opportunities to enhance individual strengths and abilities, produce a thinking and technology literate workforce, democratize education and increase participation of stakeholders.
One of the goals is to provide all-round development of the individual like intellectual, physical, emotional and spiritual. Intellectual or cognitive is focus on acquiring knowledge .it is also focus on searching, generating, and using knowledge with an emphasis on problem-solving and creativity. Then, about the physical its instill social responsibility and consciousness of health and environmental issues. In that cases, it will causes emphasis a global orientation and inculcate work place skills and attitudes.
Through another goals are to provide opportunities to enhance individual strengths and abilities. The strategies of this goal are to provide elective in the curriculum and allow for vertical integration. The vertical integration means that grade levels students for all subject in the school curriculum. Curriculum design for Smart School is will incorporate element of vertical integration that to allow high fliers to surf through their schooling years, without being kept apart from their peers in virtual express classes.
Another goal is to produce a thinking and teaching-literate workforce and the strategies are teaching thinking across the curriculum and apply technology in teaching and learning. In the smart school the use of technology like internet as teaching -learning materials is the best ways to produce children who are have different learning style that another school.
The forth goals of the smart school project is democratize education. The first strategies is the smart school program provide equal access to learning opportunities which we can see that in the smart school curriculum that can enable students to have holistic learning that the curriculum gives appropriate emphasis to all significant aspect of growth and all the types of human intelligence, helping students see the connection between the separate subject .plus the uses of technology as one delivery system ,examines the influence on student live, and gives students the skills they need to use technology such as internet to get more information ,Student can use all their local environment in school for enhance their learning process such as through intranet and internet.
The last goal of the smart school project is increase the participation of stakeholders. This goals involve a few strategies that can be done to fulfill the goal which is to create awareness of what happens in school .All the stakeholders must know their responsibilities and give feedback so that the smart school project can be know whether it is working or not. The participation of the five groups such as school stakeholders, community stockholders will allow the exchange of experiences and ideas for smart school(Bakar and Mohamed 2008).
1.4 Function of Smart School
In this step we will speak about the main function for the smart school that can involve inside the system based on the articles and scientific terms, the first functional for the smart school are:
1.4.1 Online Lesson
According to Bonk and Reynolds(1997), to increase the higher-order idea on the net , online learning must generate testing behavior that allow learners to connection new information to elderly obtain significant information, and utilize their met cognitive abilities, thus , it is the instructional policy ,not the knowledge , that influence the value of learning , Mayer, R. (2003) in addition , disagree that the exacting attribute of the processor are wanted to carry real-life model and simulation to the student, thus, according to Mayer, R, the average does pressure learning, Mayer claims to it is not the processor per se that make students find out, but the mean of the real-life model and simulations. The computer is just the medium that provides the dealing out ability and deliver the teaching to learner (Venter, Adams et al. 2001).
Online learning allow participant to give way time and space to connect the student and help learning. The liberation technique allows for give of contact, from anywhere and typically any time, but the learning have to use sound instructional aim values, According to Rossett (2002) online learning has many promise, but it takes assurance and funds, and have to be completed right. burden it right resources that online learning resources must be planned correctly ,with be provide Ring and Mathieux(2002) recommend that online learning must have high validity for example students must study in the background of the work-place ,elevated interactivity, and high teamwork.
220.127.116.11 Online Lesson benefits
Gradually more, organizations are adopting online learning as the major release technique to teach worker (Simmons, 2005) at the same time, learning institutions are affecting on the way to the use the internet for capture, both on university grounds and at a expanse. For organizations and institutions to create this often costly shift, there must be awareness that using online education provides main benefits. Some of the benefits for learners and instructors are in depth below.
A. Online Lesson benefits for learner
For learners, online learning knows no moment region, and place and reserve are not issues .In asynchronous online learning, students can access the online materials anytime, while synchronous online learning allows for real-time interaction between students and instructors.
Learners can use the internet to access up-to-date and relevant learning materials, and can communicate with experts in the field which they are studying .Situated learning, or the application of knowledge and skills in specific contexts, is facilitated, since learners can complete online courses while working on the job or in their own space, and can contextualize the learning.
B. Online lesson benefits for instructor
For instructor, tutoring can be done anytime, anywhere. Online materials can be updated, and learners can see the changes immediately, when learners are able to access materials on the internet, it is easier for instructors to direct them to appropriate information based on their needs. if designed properly ,online learning systems can be used to determine learners' needs and current level of expertise , and to assign appropriate materials for learners to select from , to achieve their designed learning outcomes.
Online exam is assessment generally reveal two schools of thought. Supported will often talk about the flexibility online assessment provides such that students are able to take a test anywhere and at anytime (Cann, 2005;Engelbrecht & Harding,2004) or they mention the decreased administrative and marking overheads associated with online assessments as a significant benefit(James,Mclnnis,& Devlin, 2002).
online assessments tasks can also assist educators to assess a broader range of skills, provide students with different types of assessments, including once not easily achieved using traditional assessments methods, they can also provide students with benefits such as timely and information feedback on their progress, as well as teaching students news skills and ways of studying and learning (James,et al , 2002)
the second group most frequently points to the difficulties associated with verifying the identity of the person taking an online test, or they express concerns about how to stop cheating and the problem with networks crashing during tests, they might also be understandably concerned with protecting the confidentiality of assessment material, wanting to be sure that assessment material is not accessed by unauthorized persons, that assessment data. including student responses and grade ,are not altered ,what is often missing in these vigorous and important discussions is an understanding of how teaching can be used to address some of the very valid concern associated with online assessments and what additional benefits it can provide if implemented appropriately.
Security issues in online exam
The security issues in online exam very important part, and we must focus in this part to be clear and secure , so in the web-based application the security function can be defined and include the listed below
The technology can be classified into four categories:
- What you know for example user name and password combinations.
- What you have for example having an authentication such as secure ID token or mobile phone subscriber (SIM).
- What you are - biometrics, for example fingerprints and
- Where you are for example a particular network access.
These techniques have a range of cost, usability, acceptability and strength/ effectiveness that need to be taken into consideration when using online assessments
Internet forums which are in basic discussion board-webs can be a valuable asset to any company. This is the reason that they are a great way of enabling people to interact with each other online. Here visitors such as students can discuss and debate topics, give each other tips and ideas and pretty much say whatever they like.
However, not many people know about this kind of thing so don't know how to set one up nor keep it in use. Or enough, it is not hard some people think
One of the main benefits of having a forum is that it encourages people to visit your site again and again. If there is an interesting topic being discussed or something that visitors feel strongly about then they are going to want to monitor what is being said in the discussion. so this results in people coming back to your website again and again.
Also we have to say that we have a lot more benefits such as :
Internet forums which are basically discussion boards can be a valuable asset to any company. This is because they are a great way of enabling people to interact with each other online. Here visitors can discuss and debate topics, give each other tips and ideas and pretty much say whatever they like
Also we can add more benefits such as :
- Allowing Students or people to get educational information on your site.
- Allowing people to increase traffic through repeat visitors.
- Allowing users to capture email address and details of posters.
- Allowing you to gain more creditability.
- Allowing students and teachers to increase relationship with visitors.
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Bakar, A. and S. Mohamed (2008). "Teaching using information and communication technology: Do trainee teachers have the confidence?" International Journal of Education and Development using ICT 4(1).
Bonk, C., & Reynolds, T. (1997). Learner-centered web instruction for higher-order thinking, teamwork, and apprenticeship. Web-based instruction, 167-178.
Cann, A.J. (2005) Extended matching sets questions for online numeracy assessments:A case study. Assessment & Evaluation in higher Education, 30(6), 633-640.
Engelbrecht, J., & Harding, A. (2004) Combining online and paper assessments in a web-based course in undergraduate mathematics Journal of Computer in Mathematics and Science Teaching 23(3).217-231
Hanan, E. and E. Huwail (2008). "Malaysian Smart Schools: A fruitful case study for analysis to synopsize lessons applicable to the Egyptian context." International Journal of Education and Development using ICT 4(2).
James, R., Mclnnis,& Devlin, (2002) Assessing learning in Australian university. Camberra ,ACT: Center for the study of higher Education,The university of Melbourne & The Australian University Teaching Committee.
Peow, S. (2005). "THE E-ERA EDUCATION REFORM: THE MALAYSIAN SMART SCHOOL PROJECT."
Razali, N. (2003). "INVEST, MONITOR, AND MEASURE:THE QUEST FOR THE IMPACT OF ICT IN EDUCATION."
Ring, G., & Mathieux, G. (2002). The key components of quality learning.
Rossett, A. (2002). The ASTD e-learning handbook: McGraw-Hill Companies.
Simmons, A., Hortal, M., Kelly, G., McNally, A., Untch, A., & Uppala, S. (2005). ECMWF analyses and forecasts of stratospheric winter polar vortex breakup: September 2002 in the Southern Hemisphere and related events. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 62(3), 668-689.
Venter, J., Adams, M., Myers, E., Li, P., Mural, R., Sutton, G., (2001). The sequence of the human genome. Science, 291(5507), 1304.