Decoration In Architecture And Interior Design

Decoration In The Architecture And Interior Design

I. Introduction :

general statements: Decoration has started since the dawn of the human history and it is still developing from one age and one visible to another. This development starts when the person realizes that he can express himself and his own thoughts with it; besides, lots of people keen on collect things that give relaxation sense and luxuries taste. So decoration plays an important role in our life and there are many aspects that we know but we never think about.

Thesis statement: the aspects of decoration such as its definition, places and occasions that we use decoration on, the significant of colors in decoration, decoration in the Renaissance Era and Islamic Culture, and types of decoration.

II. The Body :

A. Topic sentence: The definition of decoration can be exposed in many ways such as the scientific perspective and the personal perspective.

1. Supporting one : the definition from the scientific perspective.

2. Supporting two : the definition from the personal optical.

B. Topic sentence: Decoration varies depending on the function of the places:

1. Supporting one : inhabited places.

2. Supporting two : working places.

3. Supporting three : essential places in people life like airports and hospitals.

C. Topic sentence : Events that need to be decorated:

1. Supporting one : national occasions, for example national day of the UAE.

2. Supporting two : religious occasions, for example Ramadan for Muslims and Christmas for Christian.

3. Supporting three : social occasions, for example wedding parties.

D. Topic sentence : The importance of colors in decoration that they affect on people's feeling and reflect the beauty of places:

1. Supporting one : the effect of colors on people by the comfortable colors for their eyes.

2. Supporting two : colors reflect the beauty of places by light colors.

E. Topic sentence : Decoration has been flourished in the Renaissance Era in Europe as well as other arts.

1. Supporting one : people use their view in decoration to decorate houses, palaces, and churches.

2. Supporting two : examples on how they build new designs , how the ceiling told us religious stories, and how the palaces ware decorated.

F. Topic sentence : The Islamic culture and its principles have its own impact on the decoration of architecture and interior design.

1. Supporting one : The use of the Kufic script on the decoration of the buildings.

2. Supporting two : the use of clay to make pottery pillars and ports.

3. Supporting three : comparison between the materials that the Islamic culture use it with the materials that the European artists use it.

4. Supporting four : the use of the Iranian carpets in the Islamic decoration.

G. Topic sentence : There are different types of adornment in our current Era that used by people in the design of their houses. These designs are divided into two types classical and modern

1. Supporting one : classical decoration.

2. Supporting two : modern decoration.

III. Conclusion:

In conclusion, the decoration have many aspects that its difficult to discuss it all. And since ancient times we use decoration in our life and it get influenced day after day by our behavior which led to its develop all the time. The back of this development on the definition of decoration , where we use it, when we use it, its relationship with colors, and on its different kinds.

Introduction :

Decoration has started since the dawn of the human history and it is still developing from one age and one visible to another. This development starts when the person realizes that he can express himself and his own thoughts with it; besides, lots of people keen on collect things that give relaxation sense and luxuries taste. So decoration plays an important role in our life and there are many aspects that we know but we never think about. Such these aspects its definition, places and occasions that we use decoration on, the significant of colors in decoration, decoration in the Renaissance Era and Islamic Culture, and types of decoration.

: Definition of decoration

The definition of decoration can be exposed in many ways such as the scientific perspective and the personal optical. Firstly, applying the geometric theirs, dimensions, sizes, geometric shapes, and colors in a coordinated way which taught in college of interior design and giving the place an aesthetic value is considered as decoration through the scientific perspective. Secondly, decoration from the personal optical is to create a place to perform functions with minimal efforts and this includes floors, walls, ceilings, and equipments , to make the place where we live more beautiful, comfortable, and intimately, also reflects our own spirit and taste.

Places that need decoration :

We are living in a chain of places, so we are moving from one ring to another and all of them are decorated in different styles and this differ depends on the function of the place. The inhabited places; for example, our homes and villas that we use it all the time have the simplicity, the harmony and the inartificial. “The design of good houses requires an understanding of both the construction materials and the behavior of real humans.” On the other hand, hotels and palaces have a completely different direction. These places are characterized by phistication, luxury, and taste of elegance. (Peter Morville,2002)

Another ring of our chain is the working places. Let's take Al Dar Company; for instance, which is built as the shape of a big circle this is of course reflects the concept of the company which is care not only with the internal design but also the external shape.

This chain flows and leads us to another circle which contains the essential places in peoples life. Airports are one of those places and they are considered as the front exposure of any country. Huge numbers of people use them Back and forth; consequently, their decoration should be much varied than any other places. This variation starts with the shape of the building, the size, kinds of decoration, and its facilities. The shape of the buildings should be attractive; for receiving different levels of people like presidents, businessmen, tourists, celebrities, and regular travelers. Beside that, the size of its building based on the airport capacity. In other words, this capacity depends on the airport location; for example, The Dubai International Airport is a shining destination in the Middle East it delivers many travelers, so it's larger than The Fujairah Airport. The decoration of the airports should be simple and furnished with comfortable practical furniture. Also one of the important facilities that the airport offers is luxury hotels that are characterized by attractive and unique decoration.

Similarly in hospitals and medical centers the interior designers are keen to choose simple decorations to provide all the amenities of the visitors or patient by six different ways. First, choose the appropriate furniture with appropriate materials. Such as sofas and chairs in the reception are made of certain materials like leather and plastic to be easy in cleaning and sterilizing. Second, in the crowded waiting areas that full of auditors, designers are interested to contain a sufficient number of chairs. Third, create sections and departments in a good way that allows moving comfortably among them. Forth, choose peaceful colors which make the place more extensive. For example, the designers choose light colors more than dark colors, like they use the white colors exclusively in the patient's rooms, relaxation rooms, and physiotherapy rooms. Also they use the light degrees of yellow and orange in the waiting rooms to give the people feeling of rejoicing. Fifth, they put a good lighting in each place by its function. Finally, choosing furniture that doesn't take lots of space. “Good designers can create normalcy out of chaos; they can clearly communicate ideas through the organizing and manipulating of words and pictures.” (Jeffery Veen,2000).

Occasions that need decoration :

We have lots of special occasions that we use decoration in it whether these occasions are national, religious , or social. For the national occasions, the National Day of the United Arab Emirates which is held every year on 2nd December is a good example for the distingue and unique decoration which has seen clearly in the streets the fantastic lights with the four colors of the flag. The amazing use of the laser lights on the National Companies building like Etisalal and Abu Dhabi Chamber of Commerce and Industry to draw the photos of the U.A.E rulers as well as the electric bright flags.

Also we have religious occasions that need special decoration like Ramadan for Muslims and Christmas for Christian. For Ramadan we can see the decoration in Egypt where every house and every street are caring about hanging the special lamp that is called Fanoos Ramadan with its unique design and colorful colors. The streets are decorated with new moon, stars and small models of Fawaness Ramadan on hanging ropes. And for Christmas the tree is the spirit of decoration. Some people use natural trees and some people use artificial trees. They start to decorate the tree by putting the illuminated tapes all around the tree , then they put pieces of decorative gold and purple stars , and balls by the small pieces at the top and large pieces at the bottom.

Milestones, memories and life events passed on each person. Birth, marriage and death are important social events when people gather in certain places. These places whether indoor or outdoor need to be decorated according to the occasion. The most significant occasion that needs special attention is the wedding parties. The decoration starts from the wedding hall, the flowers on the tables, the cake, the decoration of the car, the bouquet, to the dais of the bride. And even the special decoration of the buffet.

Colors and decoration :

Colors play a significant role in decoration as they affect on people`s feelings and reflect the beauty of places. This affection can be seen when somebody starts to furnish his house he will search for the comfortable colors for his eyes. For instance, white ,beige, pink, light blue, and light purple, are light colors that the person reliefs when he is surrounded by them that is why people paint and make the decoration of the new baby born room with the most two common colors pink for girls and light blue for boys. Another benefit of colors for the human benign mentioned by Dr.Morton Walker in his book the power of colors , suggested that the ancient Egyptians as well as the Native American Indians used color and colored light to heal. Also colors reflect the beauty of the places, some of the colors make places widely and some colors make places tightly. For example, if we paint the wall with dark colors it will give the place a narrow shape, so it's always better to paint the walls with light colors which will give the place a sense of widening, that's way people use light colors in hospitals to combine between relaxation for the patients and spaciousness of the place.

Decoration in the Renaissance Era :

Decoration has been flourished in the Renaissance Era in Europe. In this Era, there was a revival in many areas including art, painting, and sculpture. People allocated these arts not in an independent way only like photo gallery but also they used their new view in decorating houses, places ,and churches in Italy, France , and England. They used landscapes, portraits, and even painting murals to give their building unique designs. It is obviously in the churches decoration in Italy, that the ceiling told us religious stories through their painting. The palaces are designed by large portraits of their owners and statuses of them. This kind of decoration was the fundamental stone in the classical school of decoration.

Decoration in the Islamic Culture :

The Islamic culture and its principles have its own impact on the decoration of architecture and interior design. The Kufic script was used in the adornment of the building facades such as mosques, houses, and palaces. As well as, this kind of touch was in the furniture with its distingue designs. They use different kinds of materials like clay to make pottery pillars and ports , they used this clay also to make pots which are painted with colorful pictures instead of using metals; on the other hand, the European artists who used expensive materials like gold and silver which are unpleasant to use according to Islam. It is worth mentioning that the Iranian carpets have been used to cover the floors of mosques, hotels, and places up till now.

According to a website encyclopedia:

Types of decoration :

There are different types of adornment in our current Era that used by people in the design of their houses. These designs are divided into two types classical and modern. First, the classical decoration is the first exporter of luxury and beauty, because some simple ideas are the key to this type of decoration. In addition, it gives a sense of the duff and nostalgia for the old heritage which is characterized by beauty and elegance. Second, the modern decoration has simple features, elegant, and smoothness. And it use striking colors that give the place vibrant and light. Also the most important featured of this kind of decoration that it is very practical.

Conclusion:

In conclusion, the decoration have many aspects that its difficult to discuss it all. And since ancient times we use decoration in our life and it get influenced day after day by our behavior which led to its develop all the time. The back of this development on the definition of decoration , where we use it, when we use it, its relationship with colors, and on its different kinds.

References :

Islamic architecture. (2010).

< http://www.talktalk.co.uk/reference/encyclopaedia/hutchinson/m0033995.html>

How do colors effect your mood. (2002).

< http://iit.bloomu.edu/vthc/design/psychology.htm#top>

Interface design quotes. (2010)

< http://www.lukew.com/resources/quotes.asp>

For (Peter Morville,2002) <(( the website www.lukew.com toke this quoting from another website but its not working))>

For ( Jeffery Veen, 2000) < http://www.veen.com/artsci>

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