Sustainability and design is the integration of skilled interior architecture and the usage of electricity, mechanism and considerations of environmental issues into a built space. The intention is to eliminate harmful environmental impacts, to provide energy efficiency as a requirement that will in return maximize productivity with the aid of nature to offset technology. Sustainable design creates solution that tackles the economy by reducing buildings' maintenance cost and the social aspects of preserving habitats in a healthy environment.
2. Body of argument
Sustainable design is lasting and flexible, striving to improve the quality of life while eliminating the need for non renewable resources and energy. The objective is to be capable of functioning “unplugged”, if a building is highly energy efficient but cannot function unplugged, it fails to achieve sustainability. Building and constructions have been consuming large quantities of non renewable materials and fuel, leading to the release of greenhouse gasses and other pollutants. In order to realize sustainability, an effective approach would be to turn towards ecology, the relationship between living organisms and their environment. Ecological design is defined as the use of design principles and strategies to help in minimizing environmental destructions and pollutions, reducing consumption of energy and resources, as well as enhancing the well being of users.
2.1 Green architecture is an element of sustainable design, it creates healthy interior spaces with natural lightings and is driven with the concept of energy saving. On the contrary, although it incorporates efficient mechanical systems and high technologies, it still functions primarily through the use of fossil fuels. Nevertheless compliments are still predominant towards enriching the environment, resource efficient of reusing and recycling materials, constructions, maintenance and deconstruction. Sustainable design embraces the principles of green architecture and takes them on to a higher level, it is green design powered by sustainable energies functioning unplugged.
2.2 At a time when non renewable reserves of fossil fuels are getting costly to tap and producing less net energy, it will only be wise to start designing structures that function well without them. Architects and designers should develop a unifying ecological design philosophy that is beneficial to the environment while at the same time ensuring that the values and lifestyles are maintained. Designing with nature, by reinforcing the relationship of projects to their site and making minimal changes to the natural system is a connectivity principle for designing sustainability. The challenge for them is to design functional spaces without the use of fossil fuels, without producing pollution instead of just trying to reduce, and when possible integrate the power system into the building.
2.3 The usage of material is of equal importance towards attaining sustainability, resource efficiency can be accomplished by utilizing materials that possess the reuse and recycle criteria. For instance, products with identifiable recycle content, materials harvested from sustainably managed sources and can be easily dismantled. Saving a material from disposal and renovating through means of salvaged, refurbished or to remanufacture. Local availability of building materials, components and systems will also aid in saving energy and resources in transportation to the project site.
The aim of the studio project was to create and design a spa within a park surrounded massively by greeneries and water to portray an inner world of nature. Driven by the concept of mystical, the intention was to inject a sense of spiritual healing into the spaces that will enhance the process of rejuvenation. Addressing issues towards sustainability, a design solution was derived by incorporating natural lighting and pulling natural elements on site into the spaces. The advantage of sustainable energy being able to provide good ventilation and lighting has provided a healthier level of comfort and brought the users closer to nature.