The primary research objectives of this study will be investigating the planning and design implications and the purpose of those relating to the implementation of introducing a potential e-voting system. The main concern of this research is not whether e-voting should be developed but rather how and in what ways e-voting should be planned and designed for successful implementation.
The secondary research objectives of this study will be an investigation to determine the following aspects:
A theoretical overview for introducing a potential e-voting system where will be investigating the principles and key considerations methods to develop a well-organized e-voting system. This research will find out the developing implications related with main functions of electoral systems, type of e-voting and related issues, electoral requirements and implications, election stages and a brief description of security issues relating to the principle of elections and security, security threats and attacks to e-voting.
This research will investigate an overview of the current technological and technical standards of electoral authorities as a basis of accepting e-voting systems. This research will find out the technologies with electoral application, advantages from the use of technology for electoral management and ways to minimise the risks in using technology for electoral purposes.
Relative overview of international case studies experiences will be analysis. On this basis, this research will explore the international experiences where plans have been commenced, particularly in countries like India, Brazil, the Netherlands and the USA. Research of international experiences will be identifying to underline the best practice and problems for e-voting systems trying to be avoided.
Planning and developing methods for a potential e-voting system will be finding out by applying the theoretical framework to the area of electoral systems. New methods may improve the electoral systems, increase voters numbers, resolve the queuing problems, reduce costs, make simple earlier accessibility of electoral results, recommend more options to voters and make possible them to vote wherever they wish.
Finally, this research will find out the essential implications of introducing a potential e-voting system and will be recommended.
Voting is very important to any democratic system. Voting permits the voters select to representatives and give the power to decide how they wish to be presided over. Voting can come in many shapes and forms. To make democracy sustainable, voter's contribution is a key consideration. Apart from voters being encouraged to make this democratic right, the election that provides the functions must be believable, impermeable and free of bias.
E-Voting is now considered as a hot matter in many countries. A government also grasps the view that electronic voting is modern. E-Voting technologies are still under progress in many countries. Electronic voting has demand of people's interest as being a present and modern alternative to usual elections. The beginning of electronic voting also provides the goal to obtain people vote by increasing the use friendliness and presents an option for citizens who are ill or disabled.
The contexts of this research where will be describing the attractiveness of introducing a potential e-voting system that is geared towards promoting apparent, simple, scalable scheme and accountable voting.
- Council of Europe, the Estonia Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the e-Governance Academy (2006): E- VOTING: LESSONS LEARNT AND FUTURE CHALLENGES. [Online]. Available on: http://www.ega.ee/files/27.10.06_Report_evoting_Conference.pdf
- Department for Communities and Local Government (2006): Implementing Electronic voting in the UK. [Online]. Available on: http://www.communities.gov.uk/documents/localgovernment/pdf/156330.pdf
- Liptrott, M (2006). "e-Voting in the UK: a work in progress" The Electronic Journal of e-Government volume 4 issue 2, pp 71-78. [Online]. Available on: http://www.ejeg.com/volume-4/vol4-iss2/Liptrott.pdf
- Neuman, W. Lawrence (2003). Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Boston; London: Allyn and Bacon.
- Wolter Pieters & Robert van Haren (2007). E-Voting Discourses in the UK and the Netherlands. [Online]. Available on: http://wwwhome.cs.utwente.nl/~pietersw/Discourses_techreport.pdf
The aim of this research will be investigating to find out the essential implications for introducing a potential e-voting system. The main aim of this research is not only about the issue of introducing e-voting system but also about how e-voting should be planned.
The research scope of this study will be introducing the following aspects:
This research will find out the development of an appropriate policy for a potential e-voting system.
This research will find out the development of an operational strategy as an action plan for the implementation of the above policy.
This research will find out detailed planning and programming of all actions concerning of a potential e-voting system.
This research will find out a voter education programme and the retraining of relevant officials.
This research will find out the development of appropriate infrastructure and the acquisition of relevant administrators.
This research will find out an organisational transformation exercise in order to equip the organisation to meet the new challenges.
This research will find out the essential planning and design implications for a potential e-voting system. The main concern would be to find out the ways by how e-voting should be planned and designed for successful implementation. Finally, here will be presenting some efficient methods that could be valuable for a local government of a country whoever is planning to be introduced a well-organized e-voting system.
Methodology to be used
This research will be engaged in both qualitative and quantitative methodologies. Qualitative data techniques are considered as data condensers which will be involved in this research to create a possibility of seeing pictures. By contrasts, quantitative data methods are best implicit as data enhancers which will be involved in the opportunity of considering key aspects of this study more visibly when data will be gathered.
The quality of research will be determining by using the survey with the serve of interviews, questionnaires and observations. Interview is an extremely flexible method for data collecting. In this consider, this will be an effective way to find out the essential methods to gain the research. In common terms, an interview will be happening as a two-way communication process between the interviewer and interviewee. Interviews can be use at any phase of the research process. Other approaches will be using to unite with interviews in a multi-method design, which will consist of questionnaires, measures or observations.
The survey results with the aid of the interviews, questionnaires and observations will increase the immensity involvement in this research.
Comparative International case studies
Comparative international case studies will be analysing in this research with case development experiences for a broader discussion. It might be helpful for this research to find out the independent thinking, exact analysis and problem-solving.
In this research, the following ethical issues in e-voting systems could be addressed.
Paper voting has achieved a large amount of faith in the experiences of citizens, partly due to the well structured social context. Advancement in technology should not lead to problems with democratic growth in society, which may easily become the result of distrust in the election.
A probable risk in online voting is the presence of a virus on the voter's computer. Such a virus may interrupt the communication between the voter and the voting website, and in that way can change the vote.
In concerning e-voting technology, there is a question of who should be managing and operating these machines? Mistakes can be made that can increase the cost of election. Are poll workers being skilled to use this equipment?
Special resources required
A general recommendation letter needs from university about this dissertation. When the survey will start then can show this letter to the contributors and also will be able to explain about the research by this area for education purpose.
Timetable of main stages of the study
An approximate timetable is giving for main stages of the study in the below table but if situation demands then could be changed.
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