The US Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has developed and promulgate rules for safety for operational procedures regarding employees working in or within different industries to ensure a safe work environment.
a. Summarize the broad application and relevance of the subpart to industry. You might want to give a very brief overview of the subpart to show generally the type of situations covered by the subpart.
According to this subpart, an employee's exposure to any substances listed shall be limited in accordance with the requirements stated. Substances with limits proceeded by Ceiling Values. An exposure of employee to any substances, or the limit of exposure of shall at no time exceed the exposure limit given for that substance. If instantaneous monitoring is not feasible, then the ceiling shall be evaluated as a 15-minute time weighted average exposure which shall not be exceeded at any time during the working day. The Weighted Average of time showed for that substance in any eight-hour work shift of a forty-hour work week.
An exposure of employees to any substance listed shall not exceed the exposure limits specified as follows: eight-hour time weighted averages. An employee's exposure to any substance listed, in any eight-hour work shift of a forty-hour work week, shall not exceed the 8-hour time weighted average limit given for those substances. An employee's exposure to a substance listed shall not exceed at any time during an 8-hour shift the acceptable ceiling concentration limit given for the substance in the table, except for a time period, and up to a concentration not exceeding the maximum duration and concentration allowed in the column under ‘‘acceptable maximum peak above the acceptable ceiling concentration for an eight-hour shift
An employee's exposure to any substances listed, in any eight-hour work shift of a 40-hour work week, shall not exceed the eight-hour time weighted average limit given for that substance in the table. The formula for computations applied to employee exposure to more than one substance for which 8-hour time weighted averages are listed in subpart Z of 29 CFR part 1910 in order to determine whether an employee is exposed over the regulatory limit
b. List and explain the most common violations of the subpart. This is usually covered near the beginning of the class notes on the subpart. It is also available on the OSHA website.
The most common violations of the subpart is the exposure of employees to any substance that exceeded the exposure limits to 8-hour time as weighted averages or exceeding the eight-hour time weighted average limit given for those substances. An employee's time interval before the intervention and exposure to these substances according to acceptable ceiling concentration for a given time period is clearly violation of the subpart. One example of this is when the employee was releasing a cap on a twelve-inch natural gas pipeline. The employees working nearby were doing some acetylene/oxygen cutting. While removing the cap, natural gas escaped and was ignited by the cutting process. Another incident was when the employee fatality and two other employees were hospitalized when shutting down a natural gas and flushing it with water in Chipco LLC Oil & Gas Company. The employees removed a pocket of hydrogen sulfide and were overcome by the gas. In this incident, two employees were victims of fatality and hospitalized.
c. Explain how organizations can be sure they are in compliance with these 5 most commonly cited paragraphs.
To ensure the compliance of with these five most commonly cited paragraphs to address other potential health and safety hazards at any facilities in the industry. OSHA provides compliance regarding the assistance resources for hazards. The organizations must ensure the quality, safety and social responsibility for their employees, products and clients for supply chain stage. The testing laboratories and facilities utilize the equipment, inspections and audits which are independent and unbiased for the certification and registration services. The employees, staff, engineers, scientists, inspectors and technicians are highly regarded when it comes to quality and leadership in their fields who understand the complexities and realities of global business with compliance to OSHA guidelines. Moreover, employees may be exposed to different chemicals while on the job is given enough medical and safety interventions. There are also standard set by different industries that provides information on how to reduce or reduce exposure to these chemicals. Potential possible allergic reactions or sensitization to these chemical hazards are also important on workplace and health safety hazards in industry and facilities.
d. Illustrate the relevance of the subpart with a description of an accident in which the standards of the subpart were violated. Summarize the situation, what errors were made by the employer, and what citations the company received. Suggest what the company should do after the accident and how it can prevent any similar accidents in the future.
The incident was reported by Sumter County Record-Journal, while replacing an air pump in Mueller Copper Tube Co., Inc., the employees were removing a cap on a twelve-inch natural gas pipelines. Employees working nearby were doing some oxygen/acetylene cutting. While removing the cap, natural gas escaped and was ignited by the cutting process. Two employees were hospitalized and one employee fatality. According too guidelines, an exposure to employees to a substance listed in OSHA shall not exceed at any time during an eight-hours shift the acceptable ceiling concentration limit given for the substance in the table, except for a time period, and up to a concentration not exceeding the maximum duration and concentration allowed in the column under ‘‘acceptable maximum peak above the acceptable ceiling concentration for an eight-hour shift. The company compensated the exposure by concentrating less than 10 ppm to cumulate the exposure for the entire eight-hour work shift. In this event with some other serious incident, the investigation of the circumstances of the incident must determine if there are enough protective plans needs to be such as, procedures, practices or training to prevent incidents.
e. A simple conclusion.
The standard for safety practices been prepared by US Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and specifically developed where leading work and industry is being maintained and performed. The implementation of protection plan must document different reasons and other measures that will be taken in too considerations to eliminate or reduce the hazards for employees or workers. When these safety measures for air contaminants must be implemented to monitor safety system in conformance with OSHA and protection plan for the employee identification designated to every work environment or industry to control incidents and prevent hazards.
Sumter County Record-Journal (August, 2009)
Reese, C.D. & Eidson, J.V. (2006). Handbook of OSHA construction safety and health. Technology & Engineering
OSHA (2001). Employee workplace rights. Industrial hygiene: United States:
Occupational Safety and Health Administration: