What are beliefs? A belief is the acceptance of something being truthful. It the mental act, condition or placing trust or confidence in a person or thing. Whenever belief system is talked about its is generally our religion that comes into picture.
Religious belief refers to a mental state in which faith is placed in a creed is related to the supernatural, sacred, or divine. Such a state may relate to: 1 the existence, characteristics and worship of a deity or deities; 2 divine intervention in the universe and human life; or 3 values and practices centered on the teachings of a spiritual leader.
It is a belief that supernatural powers control the human destiny. Often religious belief and religion are thought to be the same they differ slightly. Religion deals with both ideas and practices whereas religious belief deals only with ideas that people follow.
Religious beliefs were very important in ancient civilizations. The people who lived in the ancient civilizations in their constant struggle to explain their existence and the world around them created religious ideologies. They related the basic phenomenon of nature such as different climates were related to different Gods. From the time a person is young along with values he is instilled with the religious belief of the parents. He is told to abide these beliefs so as to not incur the wrath the society. For e.g. when a child is young he is taught the different chapters from the bible .He is told that it whatever is written in the book is sacred and is to be followed to lead a morally ideal life. He is also told not to question it. So,. Religious beliefs are ingrained in a person by the parents and the society.
These are the statistics which give us the insight about what people think about religious beliefs throughout the world in comparison with India:Populous poll, The Sun, June 2005
- 27% are atheists
- 70% believe in "God or some form of higher power"
- 3% don't know
- 35% never pray
- 35% never attend a place of worship
- 53% said it was not important for the nation's leader to have a strong religious belief
- 23% think there is no afterlife.
- 36% of people in the 18-34 age group in Britain define themselves as atheist or agnostic
- In the population as a whole, 24% say they have no religion
- Amongst the over 65s, the non-religious figure falls to 11%.
In India, 99.4% have some kind of religious belief according to the 2001 census information and 0.6 % doesn't know. So, in our country the people who follow religious beliefs form a large majority.
Scientific beliefs are wherein there is a hypothesis which is proved by various scientific methods like experimentation. The BIG Bang theory is the cosmological model model of the initial conditions and subsequent development of the Universe that is supported by the most comprehensive and accurate explanations from current scientific evidence and observation. As used by cosmologists, the term Big Bang generally refers to the idea that the Universe has expanded from a primordial hot and dense initial condition at some finite time in the past conditions occurred around 13.3 to 13.9billion years ago and continues to expand to this day. Due to the scientific beliefs we have the luxury of the materialistic things and technologies which we use very frequently in our day-to-day life.
Does belief in science make belief in god obsolete? The answer to this question depends on the definitions we give to both the words religion and science. People who think scientifically everything has been proven and religious beliefs have no value should think clearly about this example.
If miracles were just violations of nature, as is often the case, they shouldn't exist. Everything that happens should be orderly and predictable. But when a person on their deathbed is suddenly healed and the person had nothing to do with it, either that is a violation of the known rules of biology and logic or a miracle of God. When an atheist turns from not believing in the existence of God to defending him, it isn't a form of mental illness.
There is a certain sect in Christian religion which believes that if a person is sick he should be treated only with prayers and healing and not by any form of medication. This is a religious belief which can be harmful for the ill person.
Scientific belief or religious belief both are based on assumptions No scientific belief being held can be said to be absolutely true, no matter how convincing it is. This is how science compensates for the small amount of faith it requires. All scientific beliefs are wrapped in a protective condition: A scientific belief can only be true if the basic assumptions of science are true, and absolute certainty cannot be obtained due to the problems inherited from subjectivity. All scientific statements have a built in emergency exit! Beliefs are able to change in light of new evidence or ideas.
Religion in this regard, is a polar opposite. Beliefs are dictated and taken on faith. Belief revision is not encouraged. Indeed, religion has difficulty changing its dogma when pressured. Take for example, Christianity's recent struggles to keep up with the rapidly changing times. Changes in the Christian belief system have had to been made with regards to the equality of women, homosexuality, and other social changes in our modern cultures. Belief systems which are based around faith change painfully and slowly.
While providing an explanation about the different things science gains more power but in some cases science does not have clear-cut explanation about things for example electron which is unobservable hypothesized to explain some occurrence. .We can also say that devils also existed .The reason why electron theory is easily accepted is because scientists have made indirect observations ,its not just a fancy idea.
"The more the fruits of knowledge become accessible to men, the more widespread is the decline of religious belief" Sigmund Freud. I think that as people begin to learn more about the world outside of the religious framework of their lives, gaining a certain control of and a greater understanding of the material world, they feel more liberated, they begin to throw out much or all of their religious believes, which is good I think, if they continue to grow and learn. Many immature people ,and fearful people who lack true love and faith will never leave or open up to a larger intellectual world, and their believes are unconvincing ,because they have no real experience or understanding or faith in God and his universe.
Scientifically beliefs are more reliable than religious system because it has got greater explanatory power, it minimizes faith. Science tries to cover the aspect of truth and tries to explain the phenomenon of the universe but it can be rebuked to a certain extent where as a religious belief can be rebuked very easily.
This a debatable issue as to rely on which to a greater extent.