Global warming is a problem that is facing the entire world, and the only way to fix this problem is to have the world understand that we are becoming- Hot, Flat, and Crowded that is the title of Thomas Friedman's book that looks at the way we as Americans can help make our world a "greener" place to live and also what is making our world a place that if we do not do something soon it will not be here. Friedman proposes three strategies of appeals; I am going to talk about two of them: logos and ethos.
Friedman is talking to a large group of people in his book, one of them being the youth and adults who are not educated about global warming but are interested in learning more. Friedman really makes this idea clear by his diction, how he explains every word that is in the "global warming dictionary". The second reason why this is very obvious is that the dates that he uses, every person can relate to some time in history that he talks about, which pulls every age group and level of interest into the book.
The purpose of Hot, Flat, and Crowded is to inform the audience of the problem that the world is having, that the world is actually hot, flat, and crowded. To help the world become a better place to live for our children and grandchildren we need to do something about this problem right now and we need to stick to it. Many people are saying this is a green revolution, but as Friedman says we are not having a green revolution because in revolutions people get hurt and no one is getting hurt in this revolution. It is helping everyone, "we are actually having a green party" (205). Everyone is winning in our party, when everyone is working together to make this world a better place where we are not going to be afraid to breath, or turn our cars on due to all the co2 emissions that we leave into the atmosphere.
Friedman's book gave very clear explanations of how we did and still do affect the world with the little things we do, and he explained this by going through the steps: first hot, how we can change the world from being "hot". He tells us that the world is "hot" with the idea that we are using "fuels from Hell and fuels from Heaven" (32). This is saying that the fuels from Hell are those that are emitting co2 into the world. The fuels from heaven are those that are renewable and emit no co2, which he talks more about using and how these fuels from heaven can help us save the world from global warming. How we are to use "Flat" to change the world in which we live, in Friedman's book he is using flat by not saying that the world is becoming flat geographically, but as the world "competes, connects, and collaborates" by the "geopolitical" world (29). This flattening is the idea for example; one of them being the Internet or World Wide Web; with the internet we can connect all over the world. The last part that is changing is the world is becoming "crowded"; the world has obviously more people in it today then what it did even 200 years ago. Michael V. Hayden said "'[my] analysts now believe the most worrying trend in the world is not terrorism but demographics'" (29). The problem with most of this growth in the world is that there has been a 40 percent increase by the mid-century in population. The problem is that this increase is happening in places that do not have the correct care for all these people, and soon if these young children do not have ways of getting food or clothes and necessary needs they will begin stealing and causing harm to others around them.
Friedman starts out his book with really catching the reader's attention with telling great stories. He also does this at the beginning of every chapter. With each story he makes appeals to logos and ethos as he is telling different facts and information that he has personally gone through, and information that others have shared with him. His diction makes it very easy to believe his credibility on this topic. In part II he starts the chapter with a great hook as he tells a story of his trip to Peshawar as he was walking down the street there was a vendor selling t-shirts stating "Call this phone number if you want to join the 'Jihad Against America'" and he goes on to say that Peshawar is in Pakistan, which is an ally with America! He then continued to inform the audience of the 1st law of petropolitics which is an example of Friedman's knowledge of global warming that he explains to his audience that is looking to learn more about global warming and how they can change it and the world around them (78).
Friedman then states that with America's addiction to oil, we are buying this oil from our enemies. In turn this is helping them buy the supplies to blow our country apart, so we are "giving" money to help both sides of the war on terror. There are also other oil addiction problems in America. Some of these include the strengthening of Saudi Arabia with the "anti-modern, anti-women's rights". Our oil addiction is not helping anything or anyone in the world, oil is nowhere close to being a fuel from heaven, it is putting our world at risk. As Jim Woolsey a former CIA director said "' we are funding the rope for the hanging of ourselves'" (93).This oil addiction must stop as we are helping both sides of the war, while still risking everyone else's lives, and to know and understand that someday there will be no oil left. We must do something now to change this so that when there is no oil left we know we can still have a future left for our children and grandchildren.
Friedman compares the different ways that the world is trying to say that climate control is having nothing to do with global warming. One thing humans make as an excuse for why global warming is happening are saying the climate is having no change, but maybe it could be changing but things that humans are doing are not causing any of it. John Holdren says that other people around the world are saying that the climate is causing global warming and the things that we are doing are helping to cause global warming, but it will not cause too much harm. Then the third idea is there is nothing we can do about what the climate is doing to the world but it is too late, so let's just live the life that we are living and not worry about anything. These are the words of American's who are shaping our nation, talk show hosts, television critics, and others that we look up to find information are only trying to brain wash us to thinking that we are not having a problem and that we do not need to change our ways of living, but we do. Freidman states, "If climate change is a hoax or a fad, it is the most wonderful hoax ever perpetrated on the United States of America" (173). This I believe what Thomas Friedman is trying to get across to his audience.
At the end of part II Friedman talks about the idea that everything has to be green. He explains that it is no longer being green here and there but it has got to be a change of life. Green needs to be the way we live, the way we perform our business, the things we sell, with everyone changing a small amount it will make a huge difference and give us a chance for our children and grandchildren to be able to do the things we did as children. We need to move into "Code Green" (172). Every audience that Friedman is speaking to he gives a different reason to why they need to change: to the environmentalist "let's make America the greatest county in the world, the leader in mitigating climate change... and the by-product will be a stronger America". To the conservative "Let's make America the strongest country in the Energy-Climate Era, by adopting a clean power focus- and the by-product is that we will help the world mitigate all that stuff Al Gore is talking about" (173). Anything and everything that we can do to make this nation greener is also making it stronger. America is the want to be country. We are being admired by so many other countries. Friedman believes that we need to make a whole new system in order to get totally over this problem of global warming and climate change; we need this system to better power our economy. We need to stop trying to fix this problem, but, instead start over and make a new system. There are different rules to this system. The first is everything in the world is united in some way and we all must help one another out just like nature does. Friedman's appeals to ethos, he explains his understanding of wolves, elk and the aspen tree; wolves are eating the elk, the elk are then eating the aspen tree, in Yellowstone the aspen trees were becoming extinct but as the wolves started taking the elk population down the aspen trees started to grow more and more in Yellowstone and now are no longer extinct. This is showing the idea that everything can help others out, the first rule of systems. Friedman then explains the next rule of systems the idea that if we do not put in a new system that we will not get as much out of it, but putting in this new system things will start getting better and we have more of an ability to change the "green world" much faster.
Friedman starts part III with his ideas of how we Americans can change the world in 205 easy ways. That the world is saying we can go green Freidman states, "There is not one easy way to go green". Pentagon planners say, "A vision without resources is a hallucination" (207). The problem with all of this talk is we do not truly know and understand exactly how we need to go green. To start we need to go back and realize what our main mission is in what we are doing, "We're trying to change the climate system- avoid the unmanageable and manage the unavoidable" (208). In order to get to the point of this new system and really get on our feet, now that we know we must do something. Friedman makes a list of some of the ideas of the things we can to do; making more hybrid vehicles, replace electric plants with natural gas powered plants, stop the burning of forestry, and cut electricity in homes, offices, and stores. Then we need to see how we are going to do this and how long it is going to take. With this goal we are mainly trying to shy away from all the co2 which we are putting into the air around us. If the world would just take one step in the list of things that Friedman suggests to do then we can make a HUGE difference in a very short time; because every day we wait to change our actions and ways of living that is just one more day that the generations after us must deal with our mistakes.
We must make a change and we must change now, Friedman closes his book with reiterating his ideas on how we can change the world one step at a time. He confirms with his audience the details that we need to do in order for any of the things in this book to wake up America and to stop having a "green" revolution and start having a green party. We need to have a change in our way of life or everyday is only going to get harder, not easier if we do not do something TODAY.