Pride and Prejudice AP Book Report
1. Title of Work:
Pride and Prejudice
2. Author and Date Written:
Jane Austen, 1797
3. Country of Author:
Elizabeth Bennet (major) –
Elizabeth is the second daughter of the Bennet family. She is also most loved by her father, Mr.Bennet. Although she dislikes Mr. Darcy in the beginning, but she starts to fall in love with him as the novel moves on.
When Elizabeth overhears Mr. Darcy saying he won't dance with her instead of being sad, she go around the room and gossip about Mr. Darcy with her friends.
Elizabeth concludes to hate Mr. Darcy after Wickham tells his story about how Mr. Darcy took his fortune away. When Mr. Darcy proposes to her the first time, she rejects him because oh what she thought of him, not knowing the truth behind this story, she makes a hasty decision of hating Mr. Darcy.
Fitzwilliam Darcy (major) –
Mr. Darcy is the niece Lady Catherine de Bourgh and is also from a very wealthy family. Mr. Darcy is very prideful and because of his high birth and wealth, it makes him overly proud and overly conscious of his social status.
With his high birth and wealth, he thinks lowly of people that aren't in his class. For example, during the Meryton ball, he wouldn't dance with anybody because they were in different class than him.
Although Mr. Darcy's proposal to Elizabeth was rejected the first time, he doesn't gives up and keep pursues Elizabeth. He shows his devotion by finding Lydia and Wickham and having them married so that the Bennet family won't be disgraced.
Jane Bennet (major) –
Jane is the first daughter of the Bennet family. She is also the most beautiful one out of all five. Although Jane and Mr. Bingley are in love bt they get separated for a while due to Mr. Bingley's business in London. By the end of the novel, Jane marries Mr. Bingley.
After Mr. Bingley moves back to London, Miss. Bingley writes her a letter about how her brother and Ms. Darcy are a great match and that they should marry. Not caring about this letter, she goes to London to find Mr. Bingley with her uncle and aunt, Mr. and Mrs. Gardiner.
Although it doesn't seem like it but Jane is very helpful. For example, when Elizabeth is in distress or has some kind of a problem, Jane is always there to console her sister.
Charles Bingley (major) –
Charles Bingley is Mr. Darcy's wealthy best friend. He is viewed as charming and nice through out the novel. He starts to fall in love with Jane from the beginning of the novel and their love grows deeper as the novel moves on. By the end of the novel, Mr. Bingley and Jane gets married.
Through out the novel, whenever the ladies are in presence, Mr. Bingley uses his charming manner to look good among them. With this charming personality, everyone around him
Most people believed that Mr. Bingley wasn't going to come back after going back to London. However he does, and he visits the Bennets a lot and become more loving-dovy with Jane. In the end, Jane and Mr. Bingley marries.
George Wickham (minor) –
Wickham is an old acquaintance of Darcy from childhood, and an officer in the militia unit stationed near Meryton. He runs away with Lydia in the later of the novel and agrees to marry Lydia when Mr. Darcy pays him with huge amount of money and a house up north.
Just to look good and pitiful, he lies about his past. He told Elizabeth and many others how Mr. Darcy stole his inheritance from him. He tells this lie to Elizabeth so that he could gain her trust and eventually marry her for her family's fortune.
Wickham is very greedy for money. For once, he only agrees to marry Lydia because he was offered with a huge amount of money. Not only that, after he marries Lydia, he visits Mr. Bingley a lot and ask for money every visits.
Mr. Gardiner(minor) –
is Mrs Bennet's brother, and, although a businessman, is quite sensible and gentlemanlike. He tries to look for Lydia when she runs away with Wickham.
When Jane was in distress because Mr. Bingley left, he let her stay with him and his wife in London so that she can pursue her love. Also, when Lydia runs away with Wickham, he helps the Bennets to look for her.
When Jane and Elizabeth were in agony, him and his wife help them by talking to them and for instance, take Elizabeth around the country. By reading this book, it is understandable that the Gardiners are more of loving parents than Mr. and Mrs. Bennet.
Longbourne is the Bennet family home and most of the actions in the novel happen here. “There is nothing the matter with me. I am quite well. I am only distressed by some dreadful news which I have just received from Longbourn.(chp 46, pg 308)
This is Mr. Darcy's estate, it is the place where Mr. Darcy and his sister, Georgiana, lives. “It was a large, handsome, stone building, standing well on rising ground, and backed by a ridge of high woody hills; and in front, a stream of some natural importance was swelled into greater, but without any artificial appearance.” (chp43 pg 274)
Netherfield is the rented place of Charles Bingley. It's the place that brings Bingley and Darcy to the area in the first place and allows them to meet Jane and Elizabeth. Also it's here that Bingley first begins to fall for Jane, when she's sent there by her mother and catches cold and has to stay for a while, and also to a lesser extent where Darcy begins to notice Elizabeth because she goes there too to look after Jane. “Have you heard that Netherfield Park is let at last?” (chp1 pg 3)
6. Plot Outline:
* Mrs. Bennet talks about Mr. Bingley
* Mr. Bennet invites Mr. Bingley
* Jane and Mr. Bingley dances twice during the Meryton ball
* Mr. Darcy insult Elizabeth during the ball
* Jane gets sick going to Netherfield Park
* Elizabeth walks to Netherfield Park to care for Jane
* Both Jane and Elizabeth comes back home
* Mr. Collin comes to the Bennets' house
* Wickham tells Elizabeth about how Darcy stole his fortune
* Mr. Collin proposes to Elizabeth
* Miss Bingley sends a letter to Jane saying that they are moving back to London
* Mr. Collin proposes to Charlotte Lucas and she agrees
* Jane goes to London with Mr. and Mrs. Gardiner
* Elizabeth travels with Sir William Lucas to visit Charlotte
* Mr. Darcy proposes to Elizabeth
* Elizabeth learns the truth about Wickham's story from Darcy's letter and falls in love with him
* Elizabeth accompanies the Gardiners on a tour of the Derbyshire countryside
* Elizabeth meets Mr. Darcy again, and meet Georgiana
* Lydia elopes with Wickham and cannot be found
* Elizabeth rushes back home
* Lydia and Wickham are found and are to be married
* Mrs. Gardiner tells Elizabeth that it was Mr. Darcy who paid Wickham to marry
* Bingley and Darcy returns to Netherfield Park
* Mr. Bingley and Jane gets engaged
* Lady Catherine De Bourgh tells Elizabeth not to marry Mr. Darcy
* Mr. Darcy proposes to Elizabeth
7. Major Themes of the Work:
Social standing and wealth
· Darcy doesn't dance at Meryton ball because of his high social standing
· Darcy didn't want Mr. Bingley to marry Jane because of her low statues
· Lady Catherine de Bourgh belittles Elizabeth because her family has no connection
Jane Austen uses the theme of social standing and wealth to show what Napoleon Period looked like. That with high standing or connections, you will be liked and wanted however with low standing or no connections, it will be difficult to get what you want.
· Elizabeth tries to stop Mr. Collin from introducing himself to Mr. Darcy
· Mrs. Bennet persuades Mr. Bennet to introduce their family to Mr. Bingley
· Mr. Bingley dances with Jane twice
Jane Austen uses the theme of basic etiquette through out the novel. With the time period, there were some basic rules people had to follow, and using this theme it brings the people into the story.
· Darcy falls in love with Elizabeth
· Elizabeth starts to fall in love with Darcy after reading Darcy's letter
· Jane and Mr. Bingley are in love from beginning of the novel
Using the theme of love, it builds up the climax of the story. Although many of the character are in love in this novel, they had to overcome many obstacles to stay with their love.
The Piano –
The piano is shown in chapter 31 when Elizabeth played it for Colonel Fitwilliam, Lady Catherine, and Mr. Darcy. It is shown again in chapter 45 when Georgiana played for her brother's guest. The piano shows how much talent one has, for instance, Georgiana practices everyday and so she is very talented, but Elizabeth doesn't practice much and so receives many criticism from Lady Catherine de Bourgh.
Darcy is shown in chapter 3 when he is introduced for the first time in the novel. He is shown again in chapter 59, when he asks Mr. Bennet for Elizabeth's hand for marriage. Darcy is the “Pride” from the title Pride and Prejudice, since he is very prideful due to his high statues he doesn't really match with Elizabeth who is “Prejudice”.
Elizabeth is shown in chapter 31, when she plays on the piano. She is shown again in chapter 34 when Mr. Darcy proposes to her for the first time and she rejects him. Elizabeth is “Prejudice” from the title of this novel because she disliked Mr. Darcy based on the story that Wickham made up.
The gentlemen pronounced him to be a fine figure of a man, the ladies declared he was much handsomer than Mr. Bingley, and he was looked at with great admiration for about half the evening, till his manners gave a disgust which tuned the tide of his popularity; for he was discovered to be proud, to be above his company, and above being pleased; and not all his large estate in Derbyshire could then save him from having a most forbidding, disagreeable countenance, and being unworthy to be compared with his friend. (chp3, pg 11, 12)
This quote shows the other people's reaction of Mr. Darcy at Meryton ball. At first, everyone thought he was a nice looking man, and very handsome and was admired for the first thirty minutes. However due to his manner because of his high statues everyone disliked him.
“Happiness in marriage is entirely a matter of chance. If the dispositions of the parties are ever so well known to each other or ever so similar beforehand, it does not advance their felicity in the least. They always continue to grow sufficiently unlike afterwards to have their share of vexation; and it is better to know as little as possible of the defects of the person with whom you are to pass your life. (chp6 pg26)
Charlotte's view of marriage is different from other normal people. Others would only want to marry the person that they truly love and know the most. However Chalotte believe that marrying the person you don't know much is the best because you would learn to trust each other during the marriage.
"I like her appearance," said Elizabeth, struck with other ideas. "She looks sickly and cross. Yes, she will do for him very well. She will make him a very proper wife." (chp 28 pg 180)
In this quote, Elizabeth is talking about how bad Lady Catherine de Bourgh's daughter looks. In spite, Elizabeth makes fun of Mr. Darcy of marrying such an ugly woman.
10. Significance in Title:
The title signifies how many of the main characters base their opinions of others on initial impressions and what social class they fall into that's prejudice. Others are often to proud to change their opinions of others or to look at someone for what they are as opposed to what station they are in life and that is the pride.
11. Author's Technique:
Free Indirect Speech - “Elizabeth felt herself growing more angry every moment; yet she tried to the utmost to speak with composure when she said,” (chp34, pg219). This quote is from the day Mr. Darcy proposes to Elizabeth. When she tells him the reason she rejected him, they had a argument.