The security handbook

Happiness, which is the spiritual pleasure, is a kind of subjective opinion that people are satisfied with their desire; indeed, it is irrelevant to the age, gender, background, or nation. From psychics' aspects, happiness is a kind of psychological experience that is not only a type of fact judgment to life objective conditions and the state which is situated, but also a type of value judgment to life subjective significance and personal satisfaction. It is expressed by a kind of positive psychological experience which is on the basis of life satisfaction. This psychological experience originates from the satisfaction with the existing state of affairs and a great longing for a bright future. In addition, happiness state generally composes of the sense of satisfaction and enjoyment. The sense of satisfaction is people's contentment of the basic requirement, which means people do not need to worry about the good health, sufficient food and clothes, and the comfortable living condition. As well, the sense of enjoyment is the pleasure that people enjoy acquiring entertainment from the process, because people can go through more meaningful experience and fantastic moment in their life. Therefore, happiness exists everywhere; even a simple thing can make people happy; people have a good health, live with their family, get along well with friends, have a stable job, live in a comfortable security, all these simple things are indispensable to be happy. In fact, there is no criterion for people to measure the happiness state precisely, because people have various perspectives and world views towards it. However, happiness state can be approximately evaluated in terms of several aspects, particularly in health, affection, living environment, and income.

First of all, happiness is adamantly based on good health, which is considered by many people as the most important element to be basically happy. Therefore, being in a good health is surely a ticket for people to be happy; as an example, someone who is lying in bed suffering from a terminal illness and waiting for the death does not feel happy at all no matter how rich he or she is. As stated by Albert Schweitzer, "Happiness is nothing more than good health." However, being healthy does not just mean not to be ill, it also means actively getting the most out of the life; in another word, it needs the body to function effectively. So, there are many people who are in the middle degree, that is "individuals are neither too sick to need medical attention nor well enough to live each day with zest and vigor" (Dianne Hales, 2008: pg 5). Therefore the healthier people are, the happier they get. It has been found that, 50% of people living in Kuala Lumpur say that good health is exactly the most important element of feeling happy. In addition, Ernest Hemingway said that "My health is the main capital I have and I want to administer it intelligently." So, since health is extremely important, there are certain things that people should do to be healthy. First, keep a healthy diet, which gives much more energy without hazardous substances. Second, do more exercise to reinforce the body. Third, keep an adequate sleep, which many people usually ignore and despite the fact that people "spend over one-third" (Brian Luke Seaward, 2002: pg 14) of their life sleeping. Finally, keep a positive attitude that is the key to be happy because a positive attitude absolutely prompts success. In conclusion, being healthy is obviously the first step towards being happy.

Secondly, happiness is strictly related to affection which "is responsible for nine-tenths of whatever solid and durable happiness there is in your lives" (C.S. Lewis). Affection is a strong support for spiritual motivation which then connects to one's happiness; especially, family affection is the most important for people. In fact, healthy family affection does contribute to people's happiness directly. Living in a family which lacks affection will result in a feeling of emptiness and tediousness. Furthermore, this feeling of emptiness and tediousness really leads to tension and depression which in turn has negative influence on people's state of happiness; for instance, people who receive little care from their families mainly care less about others. On the contrary, a life full of family affection makes people happy and healthy both in mentally and physically. In addition, people can express their feelings openly instead of defending. When a person experiences deep affection, they become closer to their true selves; and also, they are no longer willing to conform to others and deny their emotions cynically. People become full of passion and they feel freer when it comes to expressing emotions. As a consequence, people have more friends and social support; moreover, they become more productive at work and more creative. Indeed, all of these emotions make them feel successful and happy as "Success is not the key to happiness. Happiness is the key to success. If you love what you are doing, you will be successful" (Albert Schweitzer). It is found that, 22.7% of the participants consider affection as important to their happiness. Besides, it is universally believed that people intuitively make their families as the first choice to share their worst or happiest feelings. In summary, family affection should be a vital element for people's happiness.

Thirdly, happiness is related to living environment, of which people highly value and require the most. Furthermore, specific environment, which includes natural conditions and artificial factors, can maintain and control the patens of live for people settle in over a long period of time. On this point, a good living environment assures the multiple layers of demands in physiology and psychology, and improves and perfects the quality of life, constructs a comfortable, safe, clear and healthy livelihood. As many experts point out, along with the development of modern society, a person's happiness is under the natural conditions influence, which is " an environment that is as close as possible to its natural state - one that is relatively unaffected by human activity" (Anonymous, Para 1). Now that a good environment brings people a good mood, so that the state of happiness can be promoted. Instead, it has a bad influence on people's heart and mind that live in an ill-being. There are two ways for people to take advantage of environment to promote the state of happiness. First, it is healthy living condition, such as living space, air quality and so on. The second is comfortable living environment. "The environment is exploited by human beings for their own benefits and it is increasing day by day. As a result of increasing interference of human activities, environment has started reacting back through number of natural calamities" (Anonymous, 2009: Para 1). It is found that, 80 per cent people are satisfied with the environment of Kuala Lumpur, even though the weather is hot and there is some inevitable pollution. By using new non-pollution energy, it can improve the quality of environment, as well as people's happiness state. However, playing an important role in people's daily life, artificial factors are the major factor to happiness. "An artifact is defined as any object made intentionally. It is, in other words, not natural but, in the common phrase, man made" (Lorraine C. Smith, 2005: pg 67). Although people's lives have been dramatically changed over the last decades, it is acceptable that, to maintain the security is still the one of the biggest problems that people have to face nowadays. "Security can be defined as those methods that promote a safe and protected environment so people can pursue their daily activities. The primary purpose of security is to protect people and property "(Philip P. Purpura, 1991: pg.4). It has been found that, 54.55 per cent people living in Kuala Lumpur believe the public security is not good as people expect, while about 77 per cent of the residents think the government should pay much attention to it. It is because that safety is the basis of happiness, and a good security benefits people and their families, even the whole society. Consequently, everything is established on the basic demand, especially happiness. Most people consider that they have a sense of belonging if the security is good. A good society security brings a good living environment; thus, it increases the state of happiness. For example, a researcher from Britain arranges the global ranking of happiness by the large vast statistical data of investigation. Denmark, the country of Europe, leads the world of ranking. One of the major reasons is low crime rate. So, in order to enhance people's happiness state, building up a safety, comfortable environment for people is necessary. From what has been discussed above, it safely draw a conclusion that living environment can produce a profound impact on the state of happiness.

Finally, the happiness has nothing to do with the rate of one's income, of which it is not the most essential factor that influences people's happiness though many have claimed so. Thus, having a high or rate of income has a minor effect on people's happiness, because currently people do not take the money into consideration significantly. For instance, those who are poor people are much more likely to be happier than the rich, while the rich people properly feel unhappy occasionally on account of the pressure or over worried. As stated by Wayne Weiten (2001),"Admittedly, being very poor can make people unhappy, but once people ascend above the poverty level, little relation is seen between income and happiness. On the average, even wealth people are only marginally happier than those in the middle classes". It is commonly seen that income is not the unique and fundamental factor that attributes to people's happiness. But it does not mean people deny the importance of money. Besides, where there is no imperative for people to worry about the health, affection, and security, income does take little charge in people's happiness. "Money dose not always bring happiness. People with ten million dollars are not happier than people with nine dollars"(Hobart Brown). It is found that, only 10% people in Kuala Lumpur regard income as the most important element to happiness, while 60% people consider the income as the less crucial element to happiness among health, affection, and security. That is because income is not as important as people think before. No matter how much money and property one person possesses, if he or she is not in a good health, does not live with affection and peace in mind, nor live in highly guaranteed security, his or her life will not be meaningful or happy. Therefore, income can not be used to evaluate one's happiness.

In conclusion, even though the answer to this problem that how to judge a person's happiness involves many factors, the followings are the most critical ones: health, affection, living environment, and income. It is a fact that, most of the people living in Kuala Lumpur give priority to health to be the most important element for it is the vital demand for existing on the earth. In comparison, affection, which is intimately correlated with happiness, only second to the health to be happy. In addition to, living environment, which is the third essential prerequisite of living, is mildly connected to happiness. Eventually, income is the least important element to be happy although money is important in the present society. Generally, people feel happy and enjoy their life living in Kuala Lumpur.


  1. Lorraine C. Smith (2005) Exploring Content 2: Reading for Academic Success. USA: Longman.
  2. Philip P. Purpura (1991) The Security Handbook. USA: Delmar Publishers.
  3. Robert J. Fischer and Gion Green (1992) Introduction to Security. USA: Reed Publishing (USA).
  4. Thanh-Dam Truong, Saskia Wieringa and Amrita Chhachhi (2006) Engender Human Security. USA: Zed Books.
  5. Vaciav Smil (1993) Global Ecology Environmental Change and Social Flexibility. USA and Canada: Rourledge.
  6. Zachary A. Smith (1992) The Encitonmental Policy Paradox. USA: Prentice-Hall.
  7. Dianne Hales (2008) An Invitation to Health. USA: Cengage Learning Publication
  8. Brian Luke Seaward (2002) Health and Wellness Joumal Workbook. USA: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
  9. Wayne Weiten (2001) Psychology: themes and variations: Fifth Edition. USA: Thomson Learning, Inc
  10. Retrieved from on 17th November, 2009
  11. Retrieved from on 20th November, 2009
  12. Retrieved from on 20th November, 2009
  13. Retrieved from on 22nd November, 2009
  14. Retrieved from on 22nd November, 2009
  15. Retrieved from on 19th Nov, 2009

Please be aware that the free essay that you were just reading was not written by us. This essay, and all of the others available to view on the website, were provided to us by students in exchange for services that we offer. This relationship helps our students to get an even better deal while also contributing to the biggest free essay resource in the UK!