Aldous Huxley's book, "Brave New World", written in 1931 is based in the future where the year is AD 2540 (A.F. 632). The book opens in central London at the "hatching and conditioning centre" where the director of the hatchery is giving a tour to a group of boys. The boys are educated about how embryos are produced in a building and how the process works. They are also educated about how the population is controlled at 2 billion humans.
The book has three main characters Bernard Marx and John "The Savage". Bernard Marx is the main character in the book until he visits the factory and John is introduced. The introduction to Bernard is highly contradictory. After the director explains to the boys about how the World State has removed "lovesickness", the character of Bernard is introduced Aldous describes Bernard as a Jealous, Lovesick human being who wants things that he can't have (human nature). The major change in Bernard throughout the novel would be his rise and fall in popularity throughout his trip to the reservation.
John "The Savage" gradually becomes the main character in the book after Bernard and Lenina come to the Reservation. He is the son of the director and Linda and has lived his whole life in the reservation learning about different cultures and using 'The Tempest' written by William Shakespeare as a guide to life. Even though he has an interest in the Native Indian Ritual, he is often excluded. Throughout the book he is in love with Lenina and imagines it to be the same as the love between Romeo and Juliet. Incidentally John runs away from the reservation as he finds it better to be alone but later is found. In the end of the book he is driven insane and is forced to commit suicide because of the difference in what he believes and the "Brave New World" that he lives in.
Many times in literature a character is tempted to act against his or her moral, social, or spiritual foundation. When these temptations occur, the character is presented with an internal con?ict. In Alduous's, "Brave New World", Bernard Marx exploits John's popularity to fuel his ego.
Bernard Marx's decision to take advantage of John's stature begins Marx's path to hypocrisy. Bernard Marx realizes that John ?the savage' is much more accessible, making it easier to use him. When Bernard Marx says," As a victim, the savage possessed, for Bernard, this enormous superiority over the others: that he was accessible." (p.179) Another example of when Bernard Marx takes advantage of John's stature is his willingness to be embraced by the social life that had eluded him for so long. "Success went ?zzily to Bernard's head, and in the process completely reconciled him (as any good intoxicant should do) to a world which up until then, he had very unsatisfactory. In so far as it recognized him as important, the order of things was good." (p.157) Bernard Marx's morality had been put to the test, and he failed miserably.
As the novel progresses, the effects of Bernard Marx's decision worsen and help to portray one of the novel's central themes of the consequences of the loss of morality. When Bernard's friends were in need of his help, he did not help them. Instead, "he should "help! Several times more and more loudly so as to give the illusion of helping. help, help, help" Bernard's morals should have told him to put aside his sel?shness and to go help his friends in need. Another example of Bernard's gradual increase loss of morality is of how he begins to view his friends. he says that, "one of the principal functions of a friend is to suffer ( in a milder and symbolic form) the punishments that we should like, but are unable, to in?ict upon our enemies. ( 179)
All in all, Bernard Marx was faced with millions of temptations throughout the novel. He falls prey to these temptations, and lets his moral, social, and spiritual foundations dither because of it.