Victor Frankenstein's Reflection Of Himself Through Other Characters

Victor, the main character in Frankenstein, tends to describe both the monster and Elizabeth in the book using infatuated observations. As a result of this, he also depicts them in a religious sense as divine or a daemon, because, in a sense, Victor strives to play God and even manipulates his thirst for knowledge by creating a bigger, better human being. Victor also describes these characters so eloquently that it sets the mood for the booknarrative. As Victor plays God, everything he describes appears positive, even the monster. Yet, when the monster comes to life, everything he describes appears negative, including the monster, and he considers himself a monster.

Upon meeting Elizabeth for the first time, Victor depicts her as divine- like that of an angel, and subsequently the mood of the book narrative becomes serene and optimistic. Victor portrays Elizabeth differently by deliberately setting her apart from the other people of his town, saying, “...this child was thin, and very fair. Her hair was the brightest living gold...her blue eyes cloudless, and her lips and the moulding of her face so expressive of sensibility and sweetness that none could behold her without looking on her as of a distinct species, a being heaven-sent, and bearing a celestial stamp in all her features (Shelley 36)”. At the time when Victor describes Elizabeth using these positive terms, he also encompasses a thirst for knowledge, creation, and power. His perceptions of the humans around him appear to in fact become perceptions of himself.

As Victor describes Elizabeth using religious terms, he seems to refer to himself, as he starts to feel as though he can play the role of God and create life. Victor also proves his obsessive personality as he describes Elizabeth when he first meets her. His unhealthy obsession with her foreshadows his future obsession with science, becoming a creator, and revenge. In addition, Victor portrays the monster as a perfectly beautiful human before he comes to life and also feels confident and proud at the moment, as though he has become God-like. Yet, as soon as the monster awakens into existence emerging as a powerful, threatening, human being, Victor describes him with the utmost disgust. The monster scares Victor away and he flees trying to take back what he did.

By creating this “monster” as Victor describes, he really opens up a door within himself, thus creating a demon inside himself that fully enlivens when the monster awakens and Victor realizes the damaged he caused. As he describes the monster in the book, his guilt confirms that he consequently describes this monster within himself: a daemon, fiend, devil, abhorred monster, and wretched (Shelley). The religious terms Victor chooses to use to describe his creation also prove this selfish perception of him as he considers himself a creator. This religiousness alive inside of Victor as he strives to become God turns from feeling divine to wicked, or a devil, as he becomes a creator and eventually realizes the outcome of his selfish actions. Even the monster realizes what Victor has done and retaliates. The “monster” later refers to Frankenstein as “the inadequate creator of a failed Adam” (Lewis 2)” which in a sense he proves correct. After attempting such an egotistical feat, everything around Victor then crumbles and he loses all of his surroundings because of his greed and obsession with becoming God. According to Lewis, “Frankenstein fails as a god when he creates a deformed monster; he fails as a man when he abandons his creation at the instant of vivification” (2)”. Although Victor leaves the monster he created, he still obsesses over it, and everything else in his life. His contradictory descriptions of the monster prove his obsessive nature.

Ultimately, Victor's descriptions of Elizabeth and the monster actually describe himself and his mood changes. While he critically depicts these characters, often using spiritual expressions, he not only proves his apparent obsessive personality, but also his selfish perception of himself as God, or a wonderful creator, before the creation, and a devil, or monster, after the product of his self-centered creation emerges.

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