As the birth of billions of people on earth have come and gone, environmental consideration has never been a more important issue. Wetland destruction and deforestation are issues in five of the global environmental ecosystems: water, forest, soil, air and animals. The forests and wetlands of the world are being demolished at unprecedented rates. This devastation is causing many detrimental effects on the environment, many of which will be felt by the global population until they are completely irrevocable.
The wetlands are often referred to as the nonage of plenty life because of the high value of support it provides for life on earth. They are the source of nourishment and residence for a variety of species of life. Wetlands are the world's most productive pieces of land for substance in the food web. There are many benefits to the wetlands and generally are recognized to include: ecosystem function, fish and wildlife habitat, pollution filtration, oxygen production, livestock grazing, world climate (ozone layer) regulation, flood and erosion control. From the list of areas that the wetlands affect, it is easy to see that the wetlands play an essential role in the global ecosystem.
Early in U.S. history, our agricultural attempts were responsible for the majority of wetland destruction. Agricultural development involving drainage is responsible for a signification percentage of the recent national wetland losses. Through time we can see that agriculture is the greatest impact on the emerging wetlands and forests. Wetlands are damaged by both drainage of land for agriculture and the run-off into new fields. Pesticides and fertilizers can migrate into water run-off from the fields, leading into natural marshes and wetlands. This has also posed a threat to aquatic and animal wildlife, as well as our human water supplies.
Forests around the world have also been decimated because of human demands for resources from the forests. We are left with patches of forests that are silent reminders of what has been taken will possibly be lost forever. The unacceptable rate of deforestation is being attributed both directly and indirectly by human population growth and the urgent demands of people. The largest conversion of forests into human resources is found to be in third world countries. The deforestation cannot be solely blamed on developing countries, but on industrialized nations as well.
Coming to the aid of the wetlands and natures ecosystems as a whole is the National Wildlife Foundation (NWF). With members nationwide, this coalition is determined to create a balance when decisions concerning the environment are involved. The NWF has been fighting to protect concerns over the Nation Wide Permit 26. This rule is being questioned over the authorization of certain wetland activities that supposedly have minimal environmental impact. Activities such as constructing boat ramps, anchoring buoys and placing crab and lobster traps, have been anything but minimal. The NWF has stipulated that the Army Corps of Engineers has been notified of these recent actions and have requested the tracking of wetland loss to be kept to a minimum. The NWF has served on our behalf to create a balance between state's Natural Resource Centers and unlawful wetland destruction.
In an attempt to aid the forests German Chancellor Helmut Kohol has proposed a plan to save the world's rainforests. But how do we stop the destruction of a rain forest that is as large as Western Europe? The program has four aims at acquiring a balance between man and nature. The first is to conserve bio-diversity and the Indigenous areas. Second is to consolidate environmental policy changes. Third, the program should also develop scientific knowledge and applied technologies for sustainable development. Finally, the plan should build support for environmentally friendly development, which could mean any number of possibilities.
The effects of decades of wetland destruction and deforestation have added up to become a global environmental concern. Each year the unacceptable loss of wetlands and forests, that are so crucial to the global ecosystem, are continuing. The massive destruction of global forests and wetlands are eradicating the habitats of millions of wildlife, ultimately affecting the global food chain. Steps are being taken to slow this destruction and create a balance. Vocal ecologists and environmental groups are starting to become familiar in government; resulting in legislation that changes the way our forests and wetlands are being treated. Unfortunately these steps are coming gradually, but we hope people will take time to understand and help before it's too late.