Docklands, home of Europe's tallest Sky scrapers and used to be world's busiest docks. This coursework i will be discovering and examining how changed in London Docklands have affected the local population. I plan to look in depth into the concerns over economic, environmental and social conditions of the docklands area.
Docklands is an area of eight and a half square miles across parts of London's eastside boroughs of Tower hamlets, Southwark, Greenwich, and Newham. The river Thames joints the docklands with the city to allow tourist to visit the tallest man made skyscrapers in UK. The Docklands include St. Katherine Docks, London Surrey commercial Docks and Regent Canal Dock which were located in Wapping and Lime house. Among the docks, the Royal Albert dock, Royal Victoria Dock and King George V dock was collectively the largest dock in the world.
Back in 19th century to 1950 there was plenty of work even if it was hard, filthy and poorly paid Dockers, resulting in general strike. German Bombing during the Second World War caused a massive damage to the Docks impacting on the closure. London's Docks were unable to accommodate the much larger ship arriving in Docklands, they had to be containerization, so therefore between 1960 and 1980, all of the London docks were closed. This left around eight square miles of derelict land in East London. There was a serious raise in Unemployment, damaged and aged houses common social issues and the lack of government services, transport and leisure facilities.
To deal with this problem, in 1981 the London Docklands Development Corporation (LDDC) was formed to redevelop the area. LDDC was charged of supporting luxury developments rather than affordable housing, and it was unpopular with the local communities, who felt that their needs were not being heard or addressed. By 1998 the LDDC's work had finally came to an end; the massive plan many parts of Docklands converted into a mixture of residential, commercial and light industrial space. Canary Warf was one of the LDDC's projects that constructed Europe's tallest building. There was a lack of Transport was a main issue put forward by the LDDC with construction of the Docklands light Railway (DLR), which connected with the city for only 77million and it only takes 10minutes. Recent studies show that in the DLR about 350,000 passenger's travel each week connecting to their work place in the city. The LDDC also constructed Lime house linking tunnel (Isle of dogs to the A13) and contributed to the development of the City Airport. By 1999 the Canary wharf area was further developed with new Skyscrapers under construction. There were also a lot of social development for the local people, such as; increase in owner occupied homes, More leisure Facilities, new shopping centres, new entertaining facility, new paintball centre, new educational services and several parks. Although most of the old Docklands warehouses have been demolished, some have been restored and converted into Flats and restaurants fulfilling the needs of locals.
Although the LDDC's has done so much to improve the services of Docklands many Locals feel disadvantaged. They cannot afford the expensive flats, available jobs are too advanced in technology for former Dockers and there are not enough services such as hospitals, or care for the elderly. The vast number of high paid jobs also means more cars coming into the area causing more pollution. The social community atmosphere is vanishing as higher class people do not gel with local people.
I will be using information from: photographs, questionnaires, background research, land use maps, information from the Dockland Education Centre, sketches, local newspapers and estate agents to either ACCEPT OR REFUSE three hypotheses on Employment, Housing and Services. I also wanted to find out if the LDDC improvement helped local people as well as higher class people.
- Many local people have not gained employment in the redevelopment of London Docklands. Housing
- There is not enough affordable housing in the redeveloped docklands to meet the demands of the local population. Services
- A greater variety of shops and services are required to meet the needs of the local people.