As a region Asia pacific has many physical features - mountains, rivers an seas - distinctive features like architecture this is one distinctive feature because Asia pacific has a lot of ancient buildings within each of its regions for example the temples in china and Sydney Harbour Bridge in Australia also believe or not but shopping is another distinctive feature this is because shopping in Asia pacific is relatively good and cheap for example if a person wanted gold at a cheap price then they would go to Dubai also whilst shopping in the regions all products which are sold are infused with the culture of the region like statue of the laughing Buddha and finally there is relaxation is the final one because Asia pacific is quite hot all year round, at different times in each region. Asia pacific has some of the most beautiful beaches; this is excellent for customers from a full time working job as it enables them to have a chilled relaxing break. Asia pacific as a region is bought into focus when the international tourism flows are examined:
In 2007 Asia pacific accounted for 20 per cent of the worlds in international tourism arrivals
To work out the international tourism flows in the Asia pacific region I am going to use tourism highlights 2008 this is the only source has roughly up to date figures but it is not a complete source, because they don't count domestic tourism within their research. The international flows to the region in 2008 was 184.1 million compared to 1990 were there was only 55.8 million international arrivals to the region, (world tourism highlights, 2009) this shows that since the 1990's there has been a tripling in the number of international arrivals to the region. The expected flows from the region is expected to be 181.6 million in 2008 compared to 1990 were it was only 58.8 million which is a triple increase in numbers (tourism highlights: 2009). This is due to passengers having more disposable income but due to the increase in fuel cost destinations are likely to see a drop in numbers.
Intraregional tourism is when someone from example china would take their vacation in another Asia pacific country rather than travel aboard. The idea of intraregional tourism has three different things affecting intraregional tourism these are leisure, business and religious.
The religious aspect of intraregional tourism aims to achieve satisfaction to the religious people by offering more religious locations and programmes to help fill the wants and needs of the tourists; the business aspect of intraregional tourism is as "Hankinson 2005" states that business tourism is just business-to-business activity "pg 24", this could be for "Hankinson 2005" meetings, conferences, exhibitions and incentives events "pg 24" and there is finally leisure tourism which is when tourists go on holiday to enjoy their selves and relax this can either be international or intraregional.
The main generating countries in the Asia pacific region are from the table below:
The table shows the main generating countries in the Asia pacific region. The numbers going horizontal are the amount of international tourists in the millions and going vertical is the length of time provided by "highlights 2009"
Domestic tourism is bigger than international tourism movements. Domestic tourism can also be known as intra regional which is where you cross borders but you don't leave the region because that would be known as international tourism. So someone is Japan could cross the border and go to Australia that movement would be known as intraregional. (Hughes, 2009)
Transport for tourism
Asia Pacific has a good infrastructure with air travel being the most common form of tourist transport at "52%" this shows that most tourists prefer to fly to their destinations. Then the next popular which tourists travel by is road which comes in at "39%" this shows that Asia pacific has a good road network for all destinations, water comes in at "6%" this shows that water transportation is used for island to island transportation and rail at "3%" this shows that Asia pacific rail network "highlights (2009)" shows that rail is rarely used within the Asia pacific region because, due to the region's size, it would be impossible to have a good rail structure to support it. "Mega trends (2006)"
Climate patterns and tourism
The climate in the Asia pacific region is varied throughout the year, Japan has the four seasons, a calm spring, a hot summer, a warm autumn and a cold winter which is stated by "Japanese lifestyle 2009" were Australia does not, Australia is mostly hot but during the months of June to august Australia will be having its winter which is stated by "about Australia 2009" so tourists going to Australia would differ their destination as it would not be as hot as during the rest of the year, they are more likely to go to places like Japan were they are having their summer which is hot. This affects holidays in the region because at certain time one half of the region will be going through its winter where the other half would not be, so then holiday makers seeking sun sea and sand would have to choose their destination in the Asia pacific regional carefully. But if tourists were going to the Asia pacific region for another type of holiday then they have much to choose from for example china were they have the four sacred mountains of Buddhism this type of holiday would be known as a sightseeing holiday or a cultural holiday. The Asia pacific region can cater for all holiday makers' needs and want. But the south and south east of Asia are prone to monsoon seasons and the pacific islands are vulnerable to extreme weather.
Resources and attractions for tourism
Cultural attractions in the region, there are places that have attractions that show the oldest surviving large-scale civilisations the Key sites for these attractions are in North China, which has the Great Wall then there are Imperial sites in Japan and Vietnam. With this region there is also religious sites because most places in the Asia pacific region are still deeply religious for example Japan, Thailand, India.
Pilgrimage tourism is also in this region and it can be noticed in China's cultural revolution forbade religious worship also in Australia there are the Indigenous people which live in the "bush" the indigenous people are very traditional in their practices and believes, they have songs and dances in order the remember there ancestors. There are similar cultures to the indigenous people for example the Maoris in New Zealand and the Hill peoples in south East Asia.
Phenomenon of ethnic tourism
Ethnic tourism is used by many countries in order to help stated by "Wall and yang, 2009" to facilitate economic and cultural development. Ethnic tourism helps tourists to interact and form relations with the local people, particularly affective in developing countries when economic wealth is poor, with ethnic tourism tourists get to experience the ethnic "Wall and yang, 2009" cultures, arts, performances and their festivals. This can then lead assist and strengthen the heritage preservation and the ethnic identity within the destination.
There are many sites in the Asia pacific region which have been in movies, if tourists were to go and visit these sites then it would be known as movie tourism, and parts of the region are in film for example the lord of the rings with was situated in new Zealand, this destination was used because it had breath taking scenery which was needed to create a dramatic impact in the film. Also there are bollywood films which come from India for example bride and prejudice which has the famous Aishwarya Rai starting in it. Asia pacific has the densest city populations on planet.
Major coastal resorts
Asia pacific has many major coastal resorts in some countries: these countries are Malaysia, Thailand, Australia, the Philippines, the Maldives and he Pacific islands stated "lak bay pilipinas 2003" by these coastal resorts offer tourists marine life, picturesque beaches, turquoise blue waters "lak bay pilipinas 2003"
Emerging outdoor tourism
Outdoor tourism is when there is not a need for accommodation, just a tent is needed. Tourists that usually go on outdoor tourism are mostly backpackers who are going on holiday to experience what the destination has to offer, this tourists are activate tourists they would rather get out of a hotel and go trekking in the mountains rather than sit by the pool and do nothing. They mingle with the locals and form relations with them; they get to experience the wilderness of a destination.
Ecotourism in Mongolia
Ecotourism shows tourists how to be responsible when travelling usually protected areas stated by "ecotourism, 2010" that strive to be low impact. Ecotourism purpose is to educate the travellers by directly benefitting the economic development of local communities. Eco tourism is as important by those travellers who participate in it stated by "ecotourism, 2010" so that future generations may experience the environment which has been untouched by human intervention.
National parks in Asia pacific
Throughout Asia pacific national parks are scattered across the region. National Parks are important in this region because the Asia pacific region has the biggest land mass with beautiful scenery from the Aboriginal people bush sits stated by "national parks 1998" were tourists can Look around and learn, in order to understand Aboriginal people and also understand that Aboriginal culture is strong and alive. From Australia all the way up to Mongolia were there are many national parks.
An evaluation of the region
The strength Asia pacific has on international tourism is that the region offers tourists sun, sea and sand. The international arrivals in Asia pacific are the second biggest in world acquiring more than 180 million tourists a year with air transportation being the biggest mode of transport to and within the region. Domestic tourism is commonly used within this region because of the region being so big and having many destinations residents have more to chose from rather than leaving the region and going somewhere else. The region offers tourists the change to go on ethnical tourism to mingle with the locals and ecotourism so help save the planet by showing tourists sights which have not yet been touched by humans. Also in the Asia pacific region there are film sets which fans can visit, plus there are many national parks for tourists to visit if they like scenery.
the weakness to the region is that it is costly to get there from Europe and it is expensive, also if tourists coming to the region are looking for night life then they would be disappointed as the Asia pacific region would not be suitable for them they would have to go somewhere like Europe where there is loads of night life. The Asia pacific region is mainly used for relaxing so the target market would not be suitable if aimed at young adults. Therefore if tourists were to pick the Asia pacific region then they would need to check the weather to make sure it isn't monsoon season or extreme weather is coming, the weather in this region is unpredictable.
In conclusion the Asia pacific region has become the second biggest region in the world
- What is the most popular form of transport in the Asia pacific region?
- When is Australia having its winter?
- What is ethic tourism?
- World tourism highlights (2009) http://www.unwto.org/facts/eng/highlights.htm date accessed Monday 18th January 2010
- Mega trends in Asia pacific (2006) http://www.unwto.org.htm date accessed Monday 14th December 2009
- http://www.lakbaypilipinas.com/best_beach_asia.html accessed Wednesday 20th January 2010 created 2003
- http://www.australiannationalparks.com/ accessed Wednesday 20th January 2010 created in 1998
- http://www.aboutaustralia.com/ accessed Monday 14th December 2009
- http://www.japaneselifestyle.com.au/japan/japan_climate.htmboston.us.emb-japan.go.jp date accessed Monday 14th December 2009 created on 30th September 2009