Breathing, Shiatsu and Reflexology Techniques
1. According to Oriental medicine our bodies are divided into three main centres,
List the three centres with a brief outline to each centre.
Name of Three Centres
The Head Centre is related to the 6th (Third Eye) Chakra.
The Head Centre is influenced by our mental process and this involves our left and right brain processes which influences our thoughts and perceptions. When we over think an excess of activity builds and we may feel mentally overloaded. Physical ailments such as a headache may develop The Heart Centre relates to the 4th (Heart) and 5th (Throat) Chakras.
The Heart Centre is a combination of the above two chakras which interact together to produce when active the ability to feel affection, understanding and concern for other. When we do not possess an activity in this centre we can feel closed off from people and alone. The Abdominal Centre relates to the 1st (Heart) 2nd (Sacral) and 3rd (Solar Plexus) Chakras.
The Abdominal Centre is a combination of the three above Chakras which when active enable you to feel centred, self-assured and possess a feeling of peace. When this centre is not active we can feel out of balance.
2. What centre does our energy move in when we are interactive with people?
The Heart Centre is energetically active when we interacting with people in a manner that is not closed off and is caring.
3. Do you give treatment when a client is inhaling or exhaling?
Ideally both you and the clients breathe should be synchronised, with pressure being exerted on the clients exhalation and eased off on the inhalation.
Give a detailed outline to how you would perform a Shiatsu treatment on the back of your client.
Position the client on their stomach on a futon on the floor. Always begin a treatment by first freeing up the muscles, through muscle lengthening and stretching techniques.
While performing one of the techniques below use your index finger and thumb to lightly scrape your fingernails gently down the client's bladder meridian from the neck to the base of the spine. This will produce two red marks. These marks if broken, indicates an issue may be present within one of the Yu/Associated Points and its related organ.
While kneeling by the side of the client place your right palm on the small of their lower back, to establish a connection with the client. While your hand is on their lower back evaluate the degree of tension present. When you have completed this stage, place your left palm between the shoulder blades as you push your left hand upward toward the head and your right hand downwards towards the buttocks as your exert your body weight using an even pressure.
Ask the client if the pressure is alright and to let you know at any stage if you need to ease back on the pressure. This movement will stretch the spine.
Kneeling and facing the side of the client place your palms between the shoulder blades with the fingers facing toward the side of the client in the same direction. In an up and down motion move your hands towards the side of the body producing a rotating motion of the hands and a wave-like action of the clients body. Continue this action as you move down the back until you reach the sacrum area where you will continue to perform this action on the sacrum.
Prior to beginning this technique inform your client that you would like them to take a deep inward breath and that on their outward breath you will be exerting pressure to their back by leaning forward to exert your bodyweight. (You will also be breathing out as you exert pressure on the client)
Place your two palms level with their shoulder blades, on either side of the spine and position the heel of your palms on their prime bladder meridian, letting your fingers fall and rest on each side of the client.
Exert pressure on the client for approximately five seconds, release then move your hands down the prime bladder meridian slightly a palm width at a time to the next position and exert pressure again on both your and the clients outward breath.
Continue this technique as you move down the prime bladder meridian towards the sacrum area. Never exert excessive pressure. Always apply a lighter pressure when working over the rib area or when inexperienced.
4. What is the main benefit of working on the hip area of the client?
The benefits of working on the hip area are that the hip joints and heavy thigh muscles of these areas are lengthened and loosened.
5. Explain the term 'soles touching' and how this is carried out.
Sole Touching is the techniques use at the end of a Shiatsu treatment. It purpose is to stimulates reflex points in the feet and help to ground the client.