Life before rise of modern industry

Max Cole

Life before the rise of modern industry

Prior to the industrial revolution people rarely experienced change. It was an extremely different place than it is now. During the industrial revolution there was a radical change in the socioeconomic and cultural conditions. People in majority were farmers since they didn't have any technology everybody had to grow their own food. They were interdependent in maintaining all their necessities, mainly in their local communities because of the difficulty in distant transportation because they had no motorized vehicles. In villages there were private and public lands and in most there was no separating fence. In the public lands or village commons villagers could gather wood or have their livestock graze in the pastures and sum of the less wealthy farmers would even produce crops from it. The rich landowners lived on enormous estates and giant houses, cottages, and massive barns and huge fields. They also had servants who did whatever they wanted. However the people who rented land from them had quite a controversial life style. They often had to live with the farm animals they raised and a considerable amount lived in tinny, smoky, ill lighten, cottages.

In their daily activities they primarily attended to their live stock and crops and anything else their farm needed. They used the same old tools they had for centuries; the tools their ancestors developed. The whole family work literally all day as hard as they could. Even the children put in their part. The boys helped their farther with the crops and the girls helped their mother tend to the livestock and/or make food.

Families deciphered time by seasons and religious traditions. Also they were relatively small regardless of their wealth because of the absence of medication for disease. The life expectancy was astonishingly short (approximately 40) and it's also disturbing how common it was and often people died. One in every three babies died before they reached one, and half the people will never achieve the age of 21.

Wool making was done in a person's household and included everyone who lived there. However they worked at a stagnant pace, the work was very burdensome, and the amount of cloth produced was extremely minimal. However there were many accommodations and benefits to this there was little tension in this because it was all mainly family and they could always take breaks when they wanted to, also they could eat meals when necessary, and they were nice to all their children. But soon the demand for wool grew considerably; so much so that they needed to employ woolens. There is a prolonged list of chores to in order to create wool they sheared the wool from the sheep, then cleaned the wool, then brush the wool (carding) preferably with a comb so it would make the fibers parallel. Then they needed to spin it with their spinsters. All of these tasks were performed in separate cottages and certain tasks were performed by certain people depending on their sex and age. Women and children cleaned, sorted and spun the fiber; men spun it, and sold it. But the downfall of this was that the industry was rising and it was producing goods at 50 times their rate.

Coal was excessively needed in sizable amounts during the industrial revolution. They previously made due on charcoal but with the ascending popularity of steam engines and furnaces. Improvements in the steam engine and development of factories by Arkwright and Watt further increased this growing demand of coal. Mining was extremely dangerous flooding, encounters with explosive from damp gas (explosive gas found deep in the earth) or poisons gas, and collapses were not uncommon. In an attempt to avoid these issues they set up ventilation and had young children called trappers open and close them so coal trucks could pass through. They also deemed it would protect the rest of the coal if an explosion were to occur. But convenient inventions were soon devised called the air pump (1807 john bundle) and the safety lamp (1815 sir Humphrey Davy).The air pump was used to move poisonous or explosive gases and the safety lamp prevented explosions too by encoding the candle in a barrier of glass and metal. Despite all the safety changes the mine still remained immensely dangerous. Coal mines were especially inhumane to children some trappers were employed as young as five and were expected to carry bundles of coal much too heavy for them which caused many deformities in the children.

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