Main Events in the Civil War

Main Events in the Civil War

Throughout history major progressions and changes have occurred such as the major developments of cash cropping, economic manufacturing and demographic expansions. With the expansion of slavery the population was growing was expanding significantly until the Americans had realized that they were outnumbered. This had caused a lot of insecurity and tension which soon lead to the development of the Civil War. Neither the Confederates nor the Union entered the war with the intentions or desire to change the status of African Americans. (expand intro)

With the addition of four new states to the union that included Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky and Missouri (Fisher). The northern states and the southern states were deciding whether or not they should enter the union as free or slave states. But it was decided earlier that they were not to be slave states above the 36 30' N longitude lines (Fisher). The southern states were dependent on slave labor for their economy, so they wanted to expand their economy by adding the new states as slave states. But the north wanted the new states to enter as Free states. This was the primary reason why the southern states divided themselves from the Union, but Lincoln's primary objective was to preserve the Union as a whole. With the attack on fort summer, that had initiated the start of the civil war in 1861. With this, the battle for saving the union had begun. In the beginning the civil war was about saving the union, but later it turned out that the civil war was about freeing the slaves.

(if you need more you can use popular sovreignity and the Kansan Nebraska act on p221) Lincoln believed the solution of slavery and racial problems was the compensation emancipation, but he was reluctant on discussing the issues against slavery until January 1, 1863. There he issued the Emancipation Proclamation, the proclamation did not free all slaves but it was mainly to free slaves living in states not under Union control. This also led black soldiers joining the army. Nevertheless, African American communities celebrated this new proclamation, but this excitement soon declined. The language on the emancipation was "uninspiring and unmoving, which people questioned about the proclamation restrictions thus keeping people in bondage. (Explain quote) One primary document discussed on the emancipation laws talked about the opposition to slavery. The Working-Men of Manchester, England, this was a document letter to President Abraham Lincoln questioning the issue of slavery in 1862, stating "congress has decreed freedom as the law forever in the vast unoccupied unsettled territories (Moore, pg: 2). (explain quote)

During the Civil War African Americans viewed it as a new opportunity to gain and fight for their freedom. The majority of African American troops served as teamsters in the Union. Most northerners believed that African Americans men lacked the courage to fight the war and also lacked fortitude in the combat. Born into slavery, Elizabeth Keckley discusses her autobiography of the Civil War by looking at northern military and political leaders. She stated that "colored people are wedded to associations, and when you destroy these you destroy half of the happiness of their lives (Keckley, Pg: 11). This example is based on African Americans ideas of liberty. Black soldiers were known as working more than white soldiers in the army, which meant that African Americans have to work twice as hard for their happiness.

(fix conclusion) Without African Americans, the United States would not be the way it is today because African Americans did a huge part of America's economic growth and development. This is what made the United States prosper which African Americans deserved a greater more respect since the beginning to the mid century. But many saw blacks as unintelligent and unequal, which would oppress black communities. Many Africans tried showing that can be equal by reading, writing and by fighting in wars, risking their life in order to show that they are fighting for their country as well.

Work Cited

C. Hine, Darlene, C. Hine William, and Harrold Stanley. African Americans: Concise History.New Jersey: Pearson, 2009.

Frank Moore. "The Working-Men of Manchester, England, Write to President Lincoln on the Question of Slavery in 1862" Exploring African-American History. CD-ROM. Chapter 11-1, Pg: 2 2009.

Damany Fisher, Classroom Lecture. Mt. San Antonio College, Walnut, CA, November 2009.

Damany Fisher, Documentary Video: The Liberator, (Mt. San Antonio College, Walnut, CA, November, 03, 2009)

Keckley, Elizabeth. "Behind the Scenes, or, Thirty years a Slave, and Four Years in the White House, 1868 Exploring African-American History. CD-ROM. Chapter 11-7, Pg: 11 2009.

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