Night of Broken Glass

Scene 1:

The horse is painted green but Guido thinks nothing of it. Pt 4-Pt5

Additional scene: pt 6- 2:30

Soldiers roaming the town. Daddy can we buy this for mommy? How much does it cost? No Jews or dogs allowed in store. Papa how come Jews and Dogs not allowed in the store? And guido jokes around and tells him about different shops, and says he will not put spiders and etc. (humor)

2 men come to his book store, and Guido has to go to the Prefex? Son says, he just went! And one of the guys rubs his cigarette on the window. And he walks off funnily for his son.

Night (the Jews of Sighet by Elie Wiesel)

Jews and Germans alike were living under what would become one of the most violent and repressive regimes ever known.

How the Jews denied the severity:

Pg 6: "Behind me, someone said, sighing, "What do you expect? That's war..." Days went by. Then weeks and months. Life was normal again. A calm, reassuring wind blew through our homes. The shopkeepers were doing good business, the students lived among their books, and the children played in the streets."

Pg 7: "But people refused to believe his tales, they refused to listen. Some even insinuated that he only wanted their pity, that he was imagining things. Others flatly said that he had gone mad. 'Jews, listen to me! That's all I ask of you. No money. No pity. Just listen to me!' he kept shouting in synagogue, between the prayer at dusk and the evening prayer. Even I did not believe him. I often sat with him, after services, and listened to his tales, trying to understand his grief. But all I felt was pity."

"This was toward the end of 1942."

"Thereafter, life seemed normal once again. London radio, which we listened to every evening, announced encouraging (pg8) news: the daily bombings of Germany and Stalingrad, the preparation of the Second Front. And so we, the Jews of Sighet, waited for better days that surely were to come."

Doubted the German's Power:

Pg 8: "Spring 1944. Splendid news from the Russian Front. There could no longer be any doubt: Germany would be defeated. It was only a matter of time, months, or weeks, perhaps."

" 'Hitler will not be able to harm us, even if he wants to...' "

"Yes, we even doubted his resolve to exterminate us. Annihilate an entire people? Wipe out a population dispersed throughout so many nations? So many millions of people! By what means? In the middle of the twentieth century!"

The severity of the Discrimination:

Pg 9: " 'The Jews of Budapest live in an atmosphere of fear and terror. Anti-Semitic acts take place every day, in the streets, on the trains. The Fascists attack Jewish stores, synagogues. The situation is becoming very serious...' "

Pg 10: "The race toward death had begun. First edict: Jews were prohibited from leaving their residences for three days, under penalty of death."

"The same day, the Hungarian police burst into every Jewish home in town: a Jew was henceforth forbidden to own gold, jew-(pg11)elry, or any valuables. Everything had to be handed over to the authorities, under penalty of death. My father went down to the cellar and buried our savings."

the yellow star:

Pg 11: "Three days later, a new decree: every Jew had to wear the yellow star."

"My father's view was that it was not all bleak, or perhaps he just did not want to discourage the others, to throw salt on their wounds: 'The yellow star? So what? It's not lethal...'"

more edicts

"But new edicts were already being issued. We no longer had the right to frequent restaurants or cafs, to travel by rail, to attend synagogue, to be on the streets after six o'clock in the evening. Then came the ghettos."

Internet source:

The restrictions against Jews: (all = )

When the Nazis came to power, the lives of German Jews changed drastically. On April 1, 1933, the Nazis carried out the first nationwide, planned action against them: a boycott of Jewish businesses. Nazi spokesmen claimed the boycott was an act of revenge against both German Jews and foreigners, including U.S. and English journalists, who had criticized the Nazi regime. On the day of the boycott, Storm Troopers stood menacingly in front of Jewish-owned shops. The six-pointed "Star of David " was painted in yellow and black across thousands of doors and windows. Signs were posted saying "Don't Buy from Jews" and "The Jews Are Our Misfortune."

The Nuremberg Laws, as they became known, did not define a "Jew" as someone with particular religious beliefs. Instead, anyone who had three or four Jewish grandparents was defined as a Jew, regardless of whether that individual identified himself or herself as a Jew or belonged to the Jewish religious community. Many Germans who had not practiced Judaism for years found themselves caught in the grip of Nazi terror. Even people with Jewish grandparents who had converted to Christianity were defined as Jews.

For a brief period after Nuremberg, in the weeks before and during the 1936 Olympic Games held in Berlin, the Nazi regime actually moderated its anti-Jewish attacks and even removed some of the signs saying "Jews Unwelcome" from public places. Hitler did not want international criticism of his government to result in the transfer of the Games to another country. Such a loss would have been a serious blow to German prestige.

After the "Night of Broken Glass,"life was even more difficult for German and Austrian Jewish children and teenagers. Already barred from entering museums, public playgrounds, and swimming pools, now they were expelled from the public schools. Jewish youngsters, like their parents, were totally segregated in Germany. In despair, many Jewish adults committed suicide. Most families tried desperately to leave.

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