St. Thomas Aquinas

One of the most known philosophers of all time, St. Thomas Aquinas, who was also the founder of the Dominican Church and was born in Italy. Various philosophers and scientist have gone through lots of research to try and find the existence of God. God (in monotheistic religion) the Supreme Being, seen as the omnipotent creator and ruler of the universe.(Lexicon,409) The philosopher that gave reason and thought of God's existence is St. Thomas Aquinas who argued about the cosmological argument. Therefore, the argument that has an overall understanding of God's existence is the Cosmological Argument. The existence of God can also be shown through various natural resources that we use every day.

The argument and cause that St. Thomas Aquinas mentioned was as follows; Motion, something has to moved to be able to move also known as the "Prime Mover". A perfect example of a prime mover would be a car. A person must be able to make it move, through the persons actions. A person must be able to turn on the car, because the car will not start by itself. Therefore it needs a prime mover. The second cause that Aquinas creates is "cause". The question that he comes up with is, is time is infinite? But if time was infinite than time would have never started. One can understand what Aquinas is trying to say when you look at the symbolic meaning of the "sideways eight" or the infinite sign. As one can visualize the infinity sing has no starting point or ending point, therefore it never started and it will never end. From this cause we get "Ex Nihilo Nihil Fit" meaning out of nothing comes nothing. This quote was actually from Parmenides used the Principle of Sufficient Reason to argue that there was no such thing as change: If there was change, why did it happen when it happened rather than earlier or later? "Nothing happens in vain, but everything for a reason and under necessitation," claimed Leucippus. Saint Thomas insisted in the De Ente et Essentia: "Everything, then, which is such that its act of existing is other than its nature must needs have its act of existing from something else."(Pruss). Aquinas continues on with three more causes that explain the existence of God. Now he get into something deeper. In the third cause Aquinas refers to God as Omnipotent meaning All Powerful and Omniscient meaning All Good. The fourth cause he starts to rank God, as he was ranked in the hierarchy. Gradation, meaning the best of the best is God. Then there is the final cause is that if you believe in God and if you came from God your purpose is to love Him. The example that Aquinas refers to God is an Archer, we are the arrow. We are sent from God, we are from God, and we will one day return to Him.

One can say that the cosmological argument was written a very long time; therefore one might not believe that St. Thomas Aquinas's Theories. But the theories were not meant be examined in a scientific way. He put his theories under one concept a concept in which many philosopher relied and still rely on today. That concept is knowledge and reason. In a 21th century point of view, God is seen as a friend you go to when you are in need. But when you are not in need then He vanishes. One has to examine the world they live in, and we must thank God for the things that we never seem to care about. A perfect example of this is Earth:

The Earth...its size is perfect. The Earth's size and corresponding gravity holds a thin layer of mostly nitrogen and oxygen gases, only extending about 50 miles above the Earth's surface. If Earth were smaller, an atmosphere would be impossible, like the planet Mercury. If Earth were larger, its atmosphere would contain free hydrogen, like Jupiter. Earth is the only known planet equipped with an atmosphere of the right mixture of gases to sustain plant, animal and human life. (Adamson)

Therefore God has made the planet Earth perfect, just for us. Just like Goldilocks and the Three Bears, not too soft, not too hard, and just right. And instead of taking care of it and trying to protect it, we are going to end up destroying it. Another source that God has given to us that covers our earth with about 70 percent or 326 million trillion gallons of water.

Water...colorless, odourless and without taste, and yet no living thing can survive without it. Plants, animals and human beings consist mostly of water (about two-thirds of the human body is water). You'll see why the characteristics of water are uniquely suited to life: It has an unusually high boiling point and freezing point. Water allows us to live in an environment of fluctuating temperature changes, while keeping our bodies a steady 98.6 degrees.. (Adamson)

Then there is the human body, the human body is perfectly designed. To be able to understand the human body, it can become quite a dilemma. Now the question is, who and how? Humans are perfect species that overpass animals. We are unique, and the reason we are unique is because God made us like and for his image. The most fascinating part of our body is our brain, located inside the skull which is equally balanced with our body. The brain is basically our hard drive where you stores data from the past, also we collect data from out five senses: nose which we smell, eyes which we see, ears which we hear, mouth which we taste and hands/fingers which is texture. These five senses send messages to our brain and we basically learn from. Especially our eyes, our eyes are the most important sense that sends the most messages to the brain.

The human brain...simultaneously processes an amazing amount of information. Your brain takes in all the colors and objects you see, the temperature around you, the pressure of your feet against the floor, the sounds around you, the dryness of your mouth, even the texture of your keyboard. Your brain holds and processes all your emotions, thoughts and memories. At the same time your brain keeps track of the ongoing functions of your body like your breathing pattern, eyelid movement, hunger and movement of the muscles in your hands.

The human brain processes more than a million messages a second. Your brain weighs the importance of all this data, filtering out the relatively unimportant. This screening function is what allows you to focus and operate effectively in your world. The brain functions differently than other organs. There is intelligence to it, the ability to reason, to produce feelings, to dream and plan, to take action, and relate to other people.

The eye...can distinguish among seven million colors. It has automatic focusing and handles an astounding 1.5 million messages -- simultaneously.8 Evolution focuses on mutations and changes from and within existing organisms. Yet evolution alone does not fully explain the initial source of the eye or the brain -- the start of living organisms from nonliving matter. (Adamson)

Overall God is all powerful he can create and destroy whatever he desires. But he is a kind God, a forgiving and all loving God. He does not destroy, he creates. The problem is evil, he did not create, and some believe that it was born inside of us. Humans are evil; we as a group are evil. We try to change, but overall we are naturally evil. This is the reason why we need someone or something superior to control chaos. The cosmological argument is meant to be examined in this point of view and further. To be able to love God one must believe in Him.


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