One of the wonders of the ancient world is the great wall,this building like a sleeping dragon spanning across china ,it is a object for some legends , if you calculated the materials used in this building you look this materials are sufficient to build asmall wall of eight feel tall and three feet thinck around the equater
The important question why the Chinese build
When the nomadic create a threats were constant throughout Chinese history , the Chinese place a four option
Initiate offensive campaigns to drive them out of the neighborhood.
Create defensive garrisons
Make diplomatic and economic ties with them.
Build a wall to keep them out
Whene Chinese looked down upon the nomads as (people with animal heart) ,any notionequal between the Chinese and the nomadic was untinkable.
Thus wall building was the most favored option in many dynasties. Ther were three dynasties which built the most walls they are qim,ham,and ming
The Great Wall stretches from Shanhaiguan in the east to Lop Nur in the west, along an arc that roughly delineates the southern edge of Inner Mongolia. The most comprehensive archaeological survey, using advanced technologies, has recently concluded that the entire Great Wall, with all of its branches, stretches for 8,851.8 km (5,500.3 mi). This is made up of 6,259.6 km (3,889.5 mi) of sections of actual wall, 359.7 km (223.5 mi) of trenches and 2,232.5 km (1,387.2 mi) of natural defensive barriers such as hills and rivt
The Chinese was start built this walls around the 8th centry bc.
In the 2th centry bc qin shi huang conquerd all opposing state and unified china in221 bc , he destroyed part of the wall that divid his empier , but he ordered the building of a new wall to connect the remaining fortications along the empires new northerm forotrim for protect his country from the xiongnu people from th Qin shi huang use alocal resources because the new stat is in the mountain rang.
From 221 bc to 1449 most of the ancient walls have eroded away over the centuries in1449 happened a war between china and the mangolian tribes , the ming dynasty built again this wall , after this time the mangolian tribes live at the north of the wall and the Chinese in the southe till now.
The Chinese build walls by used different construction methods, there are millions of workersa work in the wall (soldiers,prisoners and local people)
Great Wall carriesa considerable part of Chinese culture. It has long been incorporated into Chinese mythology and popular symbolism. The most beautiful of several legends is about the collapse of a section of the Wall caused by Meng Jiangnu, who cried bitterly over the death of her husband after he died while helping to build the wall.This legend has been spread widely through textbooks, folk songs and traditional operas, and it is well-known in China.
In the cracteriste the long of the wall is up to more than 6400km,and it crosses three different geographical regions:
The gobi desert that the most of the walls are ruin
The orders stepper behand the yellow river
The last of order region this regiuon is have omountains
The Great Wall played an important part in the history of china. The wall was seen differently in different times though. The Chinese rulers who built it saw it with great assurance of border defense, as it provided safety of Chinese culture and trade centre such as those on silk roads. The nomadic people see the wall as a threat to their surival. In fact, during the Han dynasty, the Great Wall had forced the Huns to expend west into Europe, which started a chain of event that eventually brought down the Roman Empire. As early as 17th century, the westerners marveled at the wall, and see it as a symbol of the Chinese isolationism. Despite the westerner's praise, Chinese views of the wall was a sorrow one during the post-Ming period, the Chinese people felt the wall was a reminder of their defeat to the Manchurians. Today, the Great Wall is being publicized as the unofficial national symbol for China, and a great tourist attraction. The Chinese people see it with pride of their ancient ancestry. This can be all summarized by a Chinese saying:" There is no good man who has not been up the Great Wall.
Some people thing you con see the wall from the space , but the astronauts (William pogue and neil armstrang ) go to the space but they don't see it ,neil armstrang said ("I do not believe that, at least with my eyes, there would be any man-made object that I could see. I have not yet found somebody who has told me they've seen the Wall of China from Earth orbit.)
Now the great wall it an danger about nature and people reasons.
Som of the section s are now in ruins or have disapperd
Some people thought we can looked to the wall from the space like astronaut William but others don't belives ,nile armestrong said when he go to the space he don't see the wall.
However the great wall played an important part in the history of china.
- www.travel china guide.com
- www.great wall-of china.com