The mughal time

Introduction:

The Mughal of India has, by far, created the riched history that our country was witnessed. Each emperor of the Mughal time has his own distinct history.

Jalal - ud - din Akbar (1556 - 1605), aka Badr - ud - din Akbar, too had made his distinct mark in our history both politically and religiously. But it was his marriage to the hindu Rajputana princess Jodha bai that had caught the attention of film-maker Ashutosh Gowarikar for his epic periodic film 'Jodha Akbar'.

History was truly undisturbed in our country until this epic movie was made. Along with the release of Gawarikar's movie, a number of controversies broke out about the relationship of the emperor with Jodha Bai, and also his son Jahangir (ruled: 1605 - 1627).Historians did not stop at that. Relative proof was also gathered to put forward against the movie.

Even though the movie has faced a number of controversies, it did not stop the good reviews from flowing in for the movie. It was entertainment at its utmost that was also historically and culturally rich.

Review of the movie:

Brief story -Jodha Akbaris a journey of true love of Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar (Hrithik Roshan), the great Mughal emperor with Jodha Bai (Aishwarya Rai), a Rajput princess and daughter of the King Bharmal of Amer. Akbar's biggest challenge isn't only about winning battles but also winning the heart of Jodha.

Review - the helmsman - the man behind this magnificent drama. Director Ashutosh Gowariker's direction is flawless, every single sequence has been executed brilliantly. The effort that has gone into the making of this epic love story is evident on the screen - etched on every frame of the movie. It's simply incredible. The movie deserves nothing less than a 'A++' in every aspect.

  • The scene where Akbar tames an elephant, has been performed and executed to perfection.
  • The sword-fighting scene betweenJodha and Akbaris a masterstroke by the director. It's romance on screen at its ultimate best. The dialogues in the particular scene too are brilliant.
  • When Jodha and Akbar meet for the first time, their chemistry, Hrithik's body language, the execution - Perfect!
  • Hrithik's dance at the end of Khwaja Mere song as if he was immersed into the song, his expression and those eyes... I was awestruck
  • Akbar practicing sword fighting baring his torso as Jodha watches him hiding behind a wall... Hrithik's physique is perfectly captured, an absolute treat for the female audience.
  • The romance between the couple is subtle and beautiful, something that is hard to find in modern day movies. The chemistry between Ash - Hrithik is sizzling.
  • Azeem-o-shan-shenshah - choreography, music, use of colors, execution out of the world. Never ever would you have witnessed something like this before!
  • The final fight - brilliantly done and Hrithik performs the action sequence with a lot of class.

Cinematography is of international standards. Kiran Deohan's proficiency is evident from scene one. He just sweeps you off your feet by capturing the huge sena to the intimate romance with deftness. Music by A.R. Rehman is perfect classic material. Khwaja Mere Khwaja is divinely pure; Jashn-e-bahara is a beautiful romantic song. Every song is a classic, superbly choreographed and picturized. The editing for a couple of scenes could have been tighter but never mind, you don't get bored for a single moment.

The movie belongs undoubtedly to Hrithik Roshan. He is Akbar, not for a moment do you feel its Hrithik Roshan the superstar on screen. His body language, expressions, action, dialogue delivery just about everything is perfect. Here is an young actor, who is light years ahead of the competition, with the right kind of roles Hrithik is gonna rule Bollywood in the future. Shenshah-e-Roshan, indeed!

Aishwarya Rai is great too; this is one of her finest performances. She looks every bit a beautiful Rajput princess. Sonu Sood and Ila Arun are good and so is the rest of the supporting cast.

So overall,Jodha Akbaris a classic masterpiece that shall be remembered for a long long time.

Identity of jodha bai:

Most of the controversies surrounding the movie was mainly due to the identity of Jodha Bai.

Mariam uz-Zamani Begum Sahiba,neRajkumari Hira Kunwari, aliasHarkha Bai, was aRajputprincess who became theMughalEmpress, after her marriage toMughalEmperorAkbar. She was the eldest daughter ofKachwahaRajput, RajaBharmalofAmer, the older name of the RajputStateofJaipur.

Her notability arises from her marriage to theMughalemperorJalaluddin Muhammad Akbar. She was also the mother of emperorNuruddin Salim Jahangir, her husband's heir.

Her name as recorded inMughalchronicles was Mariam-uz-Zamani. This is why themosqueof Mariyam ZamaniBegumwas constructed inLahore,Pakistan, in her honour. She has been also referred to asJodha BaiorJodhabaiin modern times, although she was never known as such during her lifetime. Hira Kunwar, Akbar's first Rajput wife, was the eldest daughter ofRajaBhar Mal ofAmer.[1]She was also the sister of Bhagwandas and the aunt ofMan Singh I of Amber, who later became one the nine jewels (Navaratnas) in the court of Akbar.[2].

TheMosque of Mariyam Zamani Begumwas built by her sonNuruddin Salim Jahangirand is situated in theWalled City of Lahore, Pakistan, whileMariam's Tombis situated one km away fromTomb of Akbar the Great, atSikandra, nearAgra.

Rajkumari Hira Kunwari was married toAkbaron January 20, 1562, atSambhar, near Jaipur.[3]She was Akbar's third wife and one of his three chief queens. She was 53 days older than her husband. Akbar's first queen was the childlessRuqaiyya Begum, and his second wife wasSalima Sultan, the widow of his most trusted general,Bairam Khan. After her marriage, Hira Kunwari was given the titleMariam-uz-Zamani("Maryof the Age").

She is said to have been politically involved in the court untilNur Jahanbecame empress.

Like few other women at the Mughal court, Maryam-uz-Zamani could issue official documents (singularly calledfarman), which was usually the exclusive privilege of the emperor. Maryam Zamani used her wealth and influence to build gardens, wells, andmosquesaround the country.[5]

In 1586, she arranged a marriage of her son, Prince Salim (laterJahangir), to her niece,Princess Manmati(Manbhawati Bai), who was the mother of PrinceKhusrau Mirza.

Maryam Zamani owned and oversaw the ships that carriedpilgrimsto and from the Islamic holy cityMecca. In 1613, her ship, theRahimiwas seized by Portuguese pirates along with the 600-700 passengers and the cargo. When the Portuguese officially refused to return the ship and the passengers, the outcry at the Moghul court was quite severe. Zamani's son, the Indian emperor Jahangir ordered the seizure of the Portuguese town Daman. This episode is considered to be an example of the struggle for wealth that would later ensue and lead to colonization of India.[5]

Maryam Zamani died in 1622.[6]As per her last wishes, avavorstep wellwas constructed by Jahangir. Her tomb, built in 1611, is on the Tantpur road now known as inJyoti Nagar. Her tomb is now known as "Jodhabai ki chhatri". She was buried according to Islamic custom.

There is popular perception that the Rajput wife of Akbar, mother of Jahangir, was known as "Jodha Bai".[1]

In Tuzuk-e-Jahangiri she is referred as Mariam Zamani.[7]Neither theAkbarnama(a biography of Akbar commissioned by Akbar himself), nor any historical text from the period refer to her as Jodha Bai.[7]Tuzk-e-Jahangiri, the autobiography of Jahangir, doesn't mention Jodha Bai either.[1]

According to Professor Shirin Moosvi, a historian ofAligarh Muslim University, the name "Jodha Bai" was first used to refer to Akbar's wife in the 18th and 19th centuries in historical writings.[7]According to the historian Imtiaz Ahmad, the director of the Khuda Baksh Oriental Public Library inPatna, the name "Jodha" was used for Akbar's wife for the first time by Lieutenant-ColonelJames Tod, in his bookAnnals and Antiquities of Rajasthan.[4]

According to Professor N R Farooqi, a historian of Allahabad Central University, Jodha Bai was not the name of Akbar's Rajput queen; it was the name of Jahangir's Rajput wifePrincess Manmatiof Jodhpur, whose real name was Jagat Gosain.

Controversies:

Basically, there is only one topic of controversy among historian about the movie. And that is regarding the identity and relationship of Jodha Bai. The existing clan of the Mughal and Rajputana family has also filed petitons against the movie to the Supreme Court.

The point of controversy is that the Jodha Bai was not the wife but the daughter - in - law in Jalal - ud - din Akbar. Rajput Sabha head, Narendra Singh Rajawat says- Jodhabai was the daughter of Motaraja Udai Singh of Marwar and was married to Akbar's son Salim alias Jehangir. Mughal king Shahjahan was her son. The Rajput community protested against Ashutosh Gowariker's historical epic 'Jodhaa Akbar' because Ashutosh Gowariker is presenting Jodhabai as Mughal emperor Jalaluddin Akbar's wife, which is factually incorrect according to some of them. Rajawat said such distortion of community historical facts had hurt the feelings of the Rajput. Gowariker says- "I have referred to books like A History of Jaipur by Jadunath Sarkar, Kachhvahon Ka Itihaas by Jagdish Gehlot and other works by KL Khurana and Hari Shankar Sharma. All call Akbar's wife with various names like Harkha, Man Mati, Shai Bai etc.I agree there is a confusion regarding the name,I consulted the Royal family of Jaipur that gave me the nod to use the name Jodha.

However some historians have a contradictory view-

Historian Satish Chandra, author of NCERT History books says- "Historical documents, including Akbarnama and Jehangir's memoirs, say it was not Akbar but Jehangir who got married to the House of Jodhpur. So the princess was later called Jodhabai," says historian Satish Chandra, author of NCERT History books.

Historian Mohammad Amin- "Akbar forged alliances with Rajput families and he married the daughter of Raja Bharmal of Amber, who was later titled Maryam Rahmani or the Mother of Rulers of the Universe. But there is no evidence to say that she was called Jodhabai."

SZH Jafri, head of the department, History, DU blames the epic film Mughal-E-Azam-"A whole generation grew up believing what Mughal-E-Azam showed as accurate account of Mughal history. But accurate history said something else."

The royal families have stood in defence of the movie saying that they had been involved in the making of the movie. The Jaipur Royal family has come forward in support of Gowarikar. The heirs of Kishengarh dynasty have also come forward to support the director. Former Royal Brajraj Singh said that they had already made changes in the script where required and there was no point of opposition now. 'Mughal-E-Azam' was and is accepted and appreciated by Indians including the Rajputs for more than 4 decades why protest now? Why was this not highlighted during the shooting of the film?

The Karni Sena would watch the movie when released, and if required it would not allow its screening in the state. according to the president of Rajput Karni Sena, Lokendra Kalvi. Do we actually need a censor board? The fate of 'Parzania' is decided by hardliners in Gujarat, 'Da Vinci Code' release is dictated by a few christians, saffron brigade has problems with some films, the hardliners in muslims have issues with some other films. Religion and caste is not the only issue deciding the fate of the film a Haryana-based animal rights activists group called People For Animals (PFA) has filed a police complaint and a public suit against the entire crew of Jodha Akbar at Jaipur. PFA says that the movie used over 80 elephants, 100 horses and 55 camels for the shooting, without the proper care or any medical facilities for them. How many Indians are surviving without medical facilities in India nobody even bothers to know.

Lessons learned from the jodha-akbar controversy:

  1. Never dabble with historical events specially those that touch upon a caste or community in India
  2. Muslims generally speaking are highly orthodox and narrow minded who have only one-way libralism-to convert other religion people to Islam and not vice versa.
  3. Most of kings and rich people did have polygamous relations and if given choice,majority of such rich and corrupt people will even today go for a harem and multiple sexual relation.
  4. Akbar was not so innocent as depicted in the movie Jodha Akbar. He was barbaric, greedy, imperialist and maintained a big harem of women.He did convert who so ever( Jodha or was some one else) was married to him to Islam and she was burried too by islamic tradition and not Hindu tradition.Akbar shed lot of blood and only at fag end of his life of lust for territory he realised futility of all.He did promote arts and music and even tried to run his own religion which did not click or else we would have had more serious inter religion fueds like we have with sikhs, muslims, hindus, christians and so many others pulling legs of each other.One more would have been added. The movie also showed fancy conclusion that Akbar had played role of uniting territory into Hindustan.It was actually contribution of British and not Akbar or any one else for that matter.
  5. Rajputs or Marathas or any one else.All one by one succumbed to invaders,first Mughals and then British as indians are basically corrupt,dishonest and hypocrites,selfish,greedy and coward people full of rivalry and jealousy with each other's success. Rajputs too faught with each other all the time and ultimately with their own folk deceiving their kings,lost to clever planning and manipulations both by Mughals and British besides their superior military power and physical strength.
  6. The movie Jodha is outright distortion depicting islamic rule of Akbar's time as being a great period of secularism, meanness of rajput kings and greatnes of an ordinary descendent of Mughal dynasty in India as being great champion of hindus,their religion and that the guy who like Rama belived in justice ,truth and ethics and was as monogamous as Rama. Can't be anything more joking than this.It is absurd.

Conclusion:

Historians claim that Akbar did forge an alliance with the Rajput family, when he married the daughter of Raja Bharmal of Amber. However, there is no evidence to suggest that she was called Jodhabai. Rather, she was later titled 'Maryam Rahmani' or 'Mother of Rulers of the Universe'. Infact, Gowariker has himself claimed that there is some confusion regarding the name of the Rajput wife of Akbar. Nonetheless, he claims to have taken permission from the Royal Family of Jaipur to use the name Jodha Bai.

In the end, there is still no respite from the controversy into which Jodha Akbar has been drawn. If one goes strictly by the history books and evidences, the Rajput community seems to right in creating a fuss. The problem is that the issue has been raised too late. Had it been raised while the film was still being made, it would have made much more sense. Whether Jodha Akbar makes it to the movie theaters or not and if it does, whether people accept it or not, is a question that only time can answer.

REFERENCES:

  • http://gleez.com/articles/entertainment/lessons-to-learn-from-jodha-akbar-controversy
  • http://www.indicine.com/movies/bollywood/jodha-akbar-review/
  • http://pr3rna.wordpress.com/2008/02/01/jodha-akbar-a-new-controversy/
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mariam-uz-Zamani

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