THE PAKISTAN RESOLUTION
An optimistic thought and realistic approach is considered as success of a person and combine results in the development of nation. However history is evident that revolutions were the results of the spirits of the people not the realistic thinking of men. The spirit to win, spirit to accomplish something, spirit to get what he wants could make impossibilities possible. Pakistan an unpredictable nation with unbelievable history is itself a success of revolution raised due to the spirits of independence of the Muslims. Seven years before independence, the hearts were ready to burn for their success. What they just needed was an ignition, an ignition which could explode the rule of British and shattered the dreams of Hindus and it was provided by a memorable event of Pakistan Resolution on 23rd march 1940. It conquered the thoughts of Muslims and gave the Muslims direction towards independence.
The history of Pakistan Movement dates back to the War of Independence in 1857, when the Muslims of India were demoralized due to the end of Mughal Empire. They lost every hope of gaining the independence from the British. The people of sub continent wanted to get rid of British Empire and for that very reason; All India National Congress was formed in 1885 in order to fight for the rights of Indians. However, the Congress made no such efforts to support the Muslim community in its struggle for Indian freedom. Although a few Muslims were quite active in the Congress party but majority of the Muslim leaders did not trust the Hindu prevalence and most of the Muslims remained hesitant in joining the Congress. There came a turning point in 1900 when the British administration in Uttar Pradesh acceded to the Hindu demands and madeHindi as theofficial language. This seemed to intensify the Muslim fears that the Hindu majority would tend to hold back Muslim culture and religion in the subcontinent.
The Muslim league was founded on December 30, 1906 by the admirers, companions, and supporters of SirSyed Ahmed Khan. The main purpose was to fight for the rights of the Muslims. After a lot of efforts for three quarters of a century, there came a point where the Muslims decided to go for a separate homeland and this idea was officially declared in the Annual Session of All India Muslim League on 23rd March 1940 in the form of a resolution famous as Pakistan Resolution or Lahore Resolution. In this session, Jinnah acted as the chairman while the resolution was moved by Maulvi Fazl-ul-Haq, the Chief Minister of Bengal and was seconded by Chaudry Khaliq-uz-Zaman, the MNA of Uttar Pradesh.
The resolution proposed that the Muslim majority areas must be grouped together into independent states i.e. Punjab, Sindh, Frontier and Baluchistan in the west and Bengal and Assam in the east. Furthermore, it proposed that the constitution must provide safeguard to minorities for the protection of their culture, religion, politics, administrative and other rights. Jinnah gave speeches in the English language which was not mother tongue of the majority of the audience, they listened with immense attention and their enthusiastic cheering and vociferous shouts of "Quaid-i-Azam Zindabad" and "Muslim League Zindabad" proved that their hearts beat in unison with that of their Quaid.
The word Pakistan did not emerge in the text of the Lahore Resolution but the name of Pakistan, coined by a group of Muslim students of the Cambridge University in the United Kingdom led by Choudhry Rehmat Ali for the new Muslim State they proposed for the Subcontinent, caught the fancy and imagination of the Muslims in the Subcontinent as the name of the sovereign and independent state promised to them by their great leader, the Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah on March 23, 1940, in Lahore. Pakistan symbolized for them the golden heaven of their hopes and expectations that would make them the free citizens of an independent country. The agony and pain that the Muslim masses had suffered for two and a half years under the rule of the Hindu-dominated Congress had welded them into a single nation and they hugged the dream of Pakistan with their hearts and souls. Even the Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah who at one time favored the Hindu-Muslim unity in seeking freedom and independence for the Subcontinent, was now a supporter of Muslim separatism, demanding the Partition of India and the creation of two independent States, one for the Muslims and the other for the Hindus.
Pakistan Resolution was the first bullet fired in the battle for a separate state Pakistan and within seven years of an impressive political struggle, the Muslims made their dream state of Pakistan a massive reality. American biographer, Stanley Wolpert gave his view about Jinnah. He said that a very few individuals significantly alter the course of history; fewer still modify the map of the world. There is hardly anyone who can be credited with creating a nation state. Mohammad Ali Jinnah did all the three things. Jinnah nearly transformed that country into statehood by the force of his unconquerable will.
It is very sad to relate that within a few years of the Quaid's demise, a group of usurpers crippled the Muslim League, embarked on a reckless career and played havoc with what the great founder had achieved. We even lost one half of the country. The other half that survived is also under a lot of threats. Pakistan is facing a large number of difficulties. Its political, economic and infrastructure is dismantled. Can we revive the spirit of the forties? Yes, we can, if a stroke of fine fortune brings forth a small group of selfless, devoted citizens endowed with the same passion and dedication that had fired the hearts of the men of 1940.We hope and pray to God to achieve what our great leaders had thought of Pakistan.
According to George Bernard Shaw:
"Patriotism is your conviction that this country is superior to all others because you were born in it."