The right to privacy and right to freedom over internet are in good balance but there are certain issues like how much personal data can be accessed by others when a person like doctor, employee etc is using his or her details on internet. The other accept is how much access can we have to public information.
Right to Privacy over internet : Right to privacy over internt is likea human right. In order to support right to privacy there was an act introduced which is know as the Right to Privacy act. There is no free standing act for U.K but there are a number of acts that protect the privacy in U.K.
- Respect for private and family life (1974)
- Data Protection Act (1984)
- Telephone trapping and interaction of communication Act(1984 sector 43)
- Power of officials to enter your house (1985)
- Retentions of finger Prints, DNA samples and photography Act (1985)
- Harassment, Unwanted letters phone calls Act (1997)
And there are also two other general ways of protecting privacy one is by right to confidence and other was mention in the European convention of human rights article 8 Right to confidence-This right was introduced to stop people miusing others personal information, photography, details for example a bank employee cannot give their customers detail, account numbers to third parties. This law cannot protect privacy when the details are already in public domain.
European convention on Human rights article 8-According to this article every one has the right to respect his/her private and own life, house public authorities can interfere with any ones private life until unless it is very important and some exceptional cases lie national security, police.
Benefits of Privacy Over internet-Privacy is a human right, which helps individual to live the way they want to. Privacy makes people free from interferences, frustrations, mental and emotional attitude. Privacy is helpful for development of free society.
Internet Privacy-Every Individual has his/her right to access the internet but the details or personal information that are given in the web can be accessed by any other person using the web There are many people who want to hack, violate the internet privacy.If some body wants to violate the internet privacy then can simply do it by entering a technology called cookie.Cookie. This cookie will remember your activity and will follow all your activites and will get the details.
Freedom of Expression-According to universal declaration of human act article 19 the right to freedom of expression allows people to express their views freely.Freedom of expression is also know as freedom of speech regadless of medium.Freedom of information is a part of freedom of expression where the medium is internet.
Freedom of information-The freedom of information act was introduced in year 200 and this helps in making a request for information, what happens after making a request, what if it is Refused,apelas for the information you get.
European convention on human rights article 10 :This article was introduced to protect the freedom of information (i.e the freedom of expression over internet) in U.K according to this
- Every body has the right to Express, to sustain belief, to receive and disclose information in such a case that there is no involvement from any public authorities.
- There are some cases in which this right may not work becaue this right consists of limitations, rules and penalities.
Balancing Right to Privacy
There is a collision between right to privacy and right to freedom of information. There are many Circumstances where we need to compromise to balance these both rights.
Privacy vs. national security, police-The issue of police and personal privacy has been around From many years. Police activities involve I.D checking, monitoring the phone calls, internet Activities etc and each of these will definitely disturb privacy. Here it is very difficult to decide Whether privacy should be given more priority or police and national security. If the police not Given the information what he is needed the society will be effected and if the police and nationalSecurity are given more priority then it will effect the personal privacy. So it is important that there is a balance that both privacy and national security are given same priority. Privacy vs E-commerce -Privacy has a conflict with electronic commerce. These days electronic commerce is widely used. The main use of e-commerce is it transmits personal data over the internet. E-commerce has given big boost to revenue of business. If more importance is given to privacy the revenue which is obtained by e-commerce will be effected and if e-commerce is given more importance then privacy is effected.
Privacy vs Internet Secuirty -According to European convention on human rights article 8 nobody can interfere with an individual's private life. But banks and some other sector defiantly need our I.D s and detailed to do some job for us. These sectors store our information and keep our personal data with them. This information is also required by government to keep this like Identity fraud, illegal immigrants, terrorism away. So we can say that there is fine balance between security and privacy.
Internet Privacy-Every Individual has his/her right to access the internet but the details or personal information that are given in the web can be accessed by any other person using the web
There are many people who want to hack, violate the internet privacy.If some body wants to violate the internet privacy then can simply do it by entering a technology called cookie.Cookie. This cookie will remember your activity and will follow all your activites and will get the details.
Internet Privacy law-There is no specific law for internet privacy but we can safe guard internet privacy by avoiding browsing the website wich may create some doubt.This will help giving financial safety, choose privacy option in your computer. Use spywares to remove cookies.