Code of ethics
We are living in the world where every man dependent for his livelihood on others. In order to live in a stable way there must be a command ground of behavior among people. Hence it gives a birth societies where were tied among with each other with relationship. Many great people like Plato ,Aristotle and other Greek Philosophers observed and give ideas about communication in societies. So ethical codes were defined so that people may live or communicate in a way which is acceptable to the people.
As the time passed man developed and along with this development many areas of ethics were discovered. For example code of ethics for schools, business , workplaces, publishing, music, politics, religion, economics etc. along with other developments, technology also developed. By technology I mean computer, communication and networks and IT infrastructure. This era is dominated by IT and specially internet. That is the reason that all the areas had another look at their code of ethics. World has become global village and ethical issues are likely to be on the screen where different type of people communicating. Ethics may be defined as a system of moral principles concerning appropriate conduct for an individual or group; or as the study of moral standards and how they affect behavior. we need code of ethics to define accepted/acceptable behaviors ,to promote high standards of practice; to provide a benchmark for members to use for self evaluation; to establish a framework for professional behavior and responsibilities; as a vehicle for occupational identity; as a mark of occupational maturity;"
There are several models and forms: codes, standards, charters, principles, declarations, policies, and guidelines, among others. They are usually prepared by organizations (often non-governmental) when there is no law or no adequate national or international laws existing to guide people in making particular decisions. They articulate a set of values based on notions of achieving the highest possible good.
In preparing a code of ethics, the following factors need to be taken into consideration.
- Clarity: codes should avoid ambiguous statements open to wide interpretation.
- Effectiveness: the existence of the code should be well known; it will then stand a better chance of being considered and utilized.
- Enforcement: a code of ethics is not a law. However, there should be mechanisms in place to encourage people to follow the code. Sanctions appear to be the most effective.
- Re-enforcing action by the State: the State may wish to pass certain laws that support the main concerns of the code.
- Legal implications: enforcement of the code or the imposition of sanctions could lead to lawsuits. Options for settlements of disputes should be considered.
- Dissemination and education: this is vital in ensuring the efficacy of the code.
The preparation of a code of ethics for a particular domain or group of people is a very time consuming process, involving extensive consultation and deliberation often over a period of several years.
A code of ethics often focuses on social issues. It may set out general principles about an organization's beliefs on matters such as mission, quality, privacy or the environment. It may delineate proper procedures to determine whether a violation of the code of ethics has occurred and, if so, what remedies should be imposed. The effectiveness of such codes of ethics depends on the extent to which management supports them with sanctions and rewards. Violations of a private organization's code of ethics usually can subject the violator to the organization's remedies (such as restraint of trade based on moral principles). The code of ethics links to and gives rise to a code of conduct for employees. A code of conduct is a document designed to influence the behavior of employees. They set out the procedures to be used in specific ethical situations, such as conflicts of interest or the acceptance of gifts, and delineate the procedures to determine whether a violation of the code of ethics occurred and, if so, what remedies should be imposed. The effectiveness of such codes of ethics depends on the extent to which management supports them with sanctions and rewards. Violations of a code of conduct may subject the violator to the organization's remedies which can under particular circumstances result in the termination of employment. A code of practice is adopted by a profession or by a governmental or non-governmental organization to regulate that profession. A code of practice may be styled as a code of professional responsibility, which will discuss difficult issues, difficult decisions that will often need to be made, and provide a clear account of what behavior is considered "ethical" or "correct" or "right" in the circumstances. In a membership context, failure to comply with a code of practice can result in expulsion from the professional organization. Ethical Codes are often not adopted by management because of some over-riding corporate mission to promote a particular moral theory but accepted by management as pragmatic necessities in running an organization in a complex society in which moral concepts inevitably play an important part. They are distinct from moral codes that may apply to the culture, education, and religion of a whole society. Rules of conduct. Of course, certain acts that constitute a violation of ethical codes may also violate a law or regulation and can be punishable at law or by government agency remedies.
Even organizations and communities that may be considered criminal may have their own ethical code of conduct, be it official or unofficial. Examples could be hackers, thieves, or even street gangs.
The main question most people have is "how do I develop a personal code of ethics?" The answer really is quite simple, but it will take a little work and thought on your part.
First, take stock of your life. Take the time to write down who you are. Second, think about what you believe. Make a list of all of your ethical beliefs. Third, think about the places you work, rest, and play and how you relate to all the people you come in contact with. Fourth, now that you have your beliefs written down, think about why you believe them. This is essential because it sets up how important each of your beliefs are to you. After figuring out all the four points mentioned above one can write a code of ethics for himself and can learn it by daily acting upon it in his day to day life.
This topic is quite open to discussion and could be written more about it.the main purpose of thi discussion is to know how code of ethics influence our society people and environment. There are certain organizations that emphasize on code of ethics for example Software Engineering Code of Ethics and Professional Practice, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)Code of Ethics , American Library Association(ALA) Code of Ethics,
IEEE/CS/ACM Software Engineering Code of Ethics. There are several more models and forms: codes, standards, charters, principles, declarations, policies, and guidelines, among others. They are usually prepared by organizations (often non-governmental) when there is no law or no adequate national or international laws existing to guide people in making particular decisions. They articulate a set of values based on notions of achieving the highest possible good.