These are the three main shots for filming in media:
- Match on action
- Shot/ reverse shot
- 180 degree rule
Below is the explanation of these rules.
180 Degree Rule
The camera must remain on one side of an imaginary line to make the continuity feel continue. If the camera does not remain to one side of the imaginary line then the cinematic illusion that the actors are really talking to each other is lost.
Match On Action
Match on action is a method which shows the same action at the same time but in different camera angles and views.
Shot/ Reverse Shot
Shot and Reverse shot are mostly used to emphasise the filming of dialogue. The shots involved in this process allow the viewer to experience the dialogue form the listener's point of view. This technique can also be used to focus on the listeners actions and emotions to what are being said by the speaker.
For my preparatory study, I had to team up with three people, these people were Raoul, Ruth and Daniel
At the beginning of the year, we had to learn the use of premier Pro. We were given a basic task in order to get used to editing with transitions and adding effects using premier pro.
Our teacher gave the song 'Mad World' to import in Premier Pro. Firstly, I was teaming up with three other people and worked together. We found some images on the internet to match with the song which we would import into the task. When we were downloading the images from Google, we had to make sure that we must not click on download, on the thumbnail image as they would appear too small on the screen, therefore we had to find the right size of the picture, click on that, then click on "full sized image" to download it from there by "right clicking" on it and also by selecting 'download'. Once we selected the images to be placed into our task, we added transitions between the pictures. We mainly used cross dividing because it looked proficient and fitted the song well. We also added some titles in which we used key frames as well. This allowed us to make the words travel across the screen, enlarge, rotate etc.
In this term, personally I have learnt that I had to click enter which rendered the edited media to give it a more realistic look and also learnt a lot about premier pro.
In order to get used to filming and expand our knowledge about match on action, shot/ reverse shot and the 180 rule, we had to film a short clip which would develop our skills and what we will need to improve. Our task given to us was to film someone walking in from a door and having a conversation with someone else using the skills that we have recently learnt.
To do this, in our groups, we had to choose various roles in which we would take complete. I was the soundman and I had to make sure that I can hear everything.
Other people had other position such as a cameraman, lead roles, and director and so on. We decided what script we would be doing, the location, props and the list of shots we would plan to achieve.
I will mention all the problems which occurred in our first attempt at filming and editing and how these problems can be solved in the future:
We have chosen the Interview Room at Dagenham Park Church of England school.
The list of shots that we decided to use is the followings:
- Camera over shoulder focusing on Ruth. (Mid shot)
- A long shot of Ruth walking in from door and sitting down where another person, which is Daniel, can be seen.
- The Camera is focusing over shoulder on Ruth. (Mid shot)
- Close up of the handle.
- The camera will be focusing on Daniel's face to show that he is present. (Mid shot)
- Camera is facing Daniel as soon as he starts speaking. (Mid shot)
- Camera focusing on Ruth showing her facial expression. (Close up)
We had to shoot the clip twice.
In our first attempt, everything started well like we planned. We had all the equipment needed for our shot, and we also had a great location. However on the down side once we got in the room, this installation process and preparation of our camera and microphone to a lot longer then previously expected. And minor problem was the acting wasn't up to a scratch. We only had one hour to film the clip and a good part of the hour was spent on preparation.
We fought we had finished but there were too many problems, firstly we had poor match on action and the sound was on very low quality, also we had accidentally been erased. So therefore we had to do another recording session after to correct our mistakes.
Following our poor first shot, we went back for another filming session. However this time we knew what our mistakes were and we were much more confident that this time we could do a much better this time. At this time I felt we did a lot better as we got prepared a lot quicker, and we were certain the match on action was to a lot better standard.
Once we finished the recording, we went back to edit the clip on the computer, which, again, took quite a lot of time, got a wire that connects the camera with the computer. We opened up Adobe Premier Pro. From that, we were able to choose which footage we needed to save into a premier pro file by recording at the places we wanted to save. When we had selected the footage to be edited in premier pro and finished the recording, the clip was not saved; so something wrong must have happened. We later realized that it was trying to save the footage onto the network which didn't have the required gap. We realized that this was a scratch disk error, so we opened the scratch disk options found on the premier pro toolbar and selected to save all captured footage into the movies folder on the computer user we were using instead of the network. This means that, every time we wanted to open the work, we definitely had to use the same computer and user login.
When we had the footage saved onto premier pro, we were ready to start editing. The other problem is the sound. Our teacher spent quite a lot of time fixing the sound. We actually have recorded the clip in "mono" sound rather than "stereo" sound. This meant that the left speaker rather than both the left and right. As I was the soundman, I should have told my team that I could not hear anything, which was kind of stupid. In order to fix this problem, we created an extra sequence which would be used to sort the problem out and the first sequence would be used to edit. In sequence two, we added something called a "De Noiser" to remove the background noise. Under this setting, we clicked "custom setup" which solved the background noise problem. Then we added dynamics and clicked "custom setup". We selected the compressor to make a better quality of the sound which was not clear enough. Finally, to solve the main problem of the mono to stereo issue, we separated the video from the audio by going to 'clip' then 'unlink'. This allowed us to edit the sound. We copied the audio from audio one on the timeline, and put it back again in the timeline on audio two. This was followed by clicking on 'swap channels' that means that it will create a stereo effect as the sound would now come from both speakers.
Our sound was normal and the editing of the actual clips could begin. We started editing the clip by dragging it into the source part at the top; make a left and right bracket which is used to select the part of the clip to act as part of a scene. In order to select the bracketed part, we clicked 'clip' on the toolbar and then clicked 'make sub clip', named the file which would come up after in the logging section which contain the entire source we have in the task. Editing our clips, we dragged the clip up to the source part again and then clicked 'clip', edit "sub clip" which would mean a more detailed timing can be issued and further techniques can occur.
Once all the parts had been edited, we positions them into the right order showing how match on action occurs and how the 180 degree rule is not broken etc.
I think that we worked well as a team for the first time and it was a great experience, but we struggled a lot with the equipments (camera, sound, etc). Hopefully, we should not be wasting time and get ourselves well prepared.
Before deciding what we were to do for our real media piece which will be analysed and marked, we have been set a task to do a two minutes movie. We had to decide on what genre of the 2 minute beginning of a film we were to create. After a long discussion, we have decided that we should work on a psychological thriller. In order to have a small idea and, to get that done properly, we had to watch at least 5 opening scenes of a psychological thriller.
We are currently working on the storyboard.