Mobile communication is the act of tranmission of information .every living creature in other word experiences the need to impart or receive information almost continuously with other in the surrounding word. For compunction to be successf it is essential that the sender and the receiver understand a common language .man has constantly made endeavors to imporve the quality of communication with other human beings. languages and method used in communcation have kept evolving from prehistoric to to modern time . To meet the growing demand in terms of speed and complexity of information current mobile phone can support many latest services such as email packet switching WAP ,Bluetooth and many more .most of ihe mobile phone connect to the cellular network and which further connected with the public switching telephone network.
Mobile phones and their network vary very significantly from provider to provider and country to country. However the basic communication method of all of them is through the electromagnetic microwaves with a cell base station. The cellular companies have large antennas, which are usually mounted over towers, buildings and poles. The cell phones have low-power transceivers that transmit voice and data to the nearest sites usually within the 5 to 8 miles to kilometers awaywhen a mobile device or phone is turned on, it registers with the mobile telephone exchange or switch. It is a unique identifier and is alerted by the mobile switch when there is an incoming phone call. The handset listens for the strong signals from the nearest base stations. When a user moves, the mobile device handoff to various ne
Mobile phone commutation
Mobile phones have features beyond sending text messages and making the short or long distance voice calls, the other features including internet browsing, mp3 playback music, email, personal organizer, built in cameras call registries built in games, voice mails, downloading, video call, Bluetooth, infrared and they also serve as the wireless modem for a pc. In many countries of the world such as Australia Pakistan, India, Maldives and Israel the incoming calls are free. However, in Canada Hong Kong and the United states a person can be charged per minute for the incoming calls. Few mobile phones carriers in the United States are beginning to receive unlimited phone calls. Mobile technology has both negative and positive impact on Mobile Communication
This is a mobile communication
History of mobile communication
1921:- Personnel of theDetroit Police Department radio bureaubegan experimentation with a band near 2 MHz for vehicular mobile service. the department commenced regular one-way radio communication with its patron cars. The system established the practicality of land-mobile adio for police work and led to its adoption throughout the country.Channels in this low-frequency band soon became crowded.
1933:-The police department in bayonne new Jersey initiated regular two-way communications with its patrol cars a major advance over previous one-way systems. The very high frequency system placed transmitters in patrol cars to enable patrolmen to communicate with headquarters and other cars instead of just receiving calls. Two-way police radio became standard throughout the country following the success of the baryon ne initiative.
1940:- New frequencies allocated between 30-40 MHz leads to substantial buildup of police radio systems.a major advance in police radio occurred when the Connecticut State Police began operating a two-way, frequency modulated system in Hartford. The statewide system developed by Daniel E. noble of the University of Connecticut and engineers at the Fred M. Line Company greatly reduced static, the main problem of the amplitude modulated system. Fm mobile radio became standard throughout the country following the success of the Connecticut initiative.
The first pre-commercial demonstration network in the southern hemisphere was built inAdelaide, south, Australia by m.Net Corporation in February 2002 using umts on 2100MHz. This was a demonstration network for the 2002 IT World Congress. The first commercial 3G network was launched by Hutchison Telecommunications branded asThreein March 2003.
In December 2007to 190 3G networks were operating in 40 countries and 154HSDPA networks were operating in 71 countries according to the Global Mobile Suppliers Association. In Asia, Europe Canada and the USA telecommunication companies use technology with the support of around 100 terminal designs to operate 3G mobile networks.
Type of Mobile communication
There are to types of business mobile communication
- Internal Communication
- External Communication
Communication within an organization is called internal Communication
It includes all communication within an organization. it may be informal or a formal function or department providing communication in various forms to employees.
Effective internal communication is a vital mean of addressing organizational concerns. Good communication may help to increase job satisfaction, safety, productivity, and profits and decrease grievances and turnover.
Under Internal Business Communication types there come;
- Upward Communication
- Downward Communication
- Horizontal/Literal communication
Upward communication is the flow of information from subordinates to superiors, or from employees to management. Without upward communication, management works in a vacuum, not knowing if messages have been received properly, or if other problems exist in the or
USES of mobile communication
A mobile phone or mobile also called cell phone and hand phone is an electronic device used for mobile phone text massage or data transmission over a cellular network of specialized base station known as cell site. Mobile phones differ from cradles telephone which only offers telephone service within limited range within a home or an office, through a fixed line and a base station owned by the subscriber and also from satellite phone and radio telephone. As opposed to a radio telephone a cell phone offers full duplex communication, automates calling to and paging from a public public land mobile network and handoff handover during a phone call when the user moves from one cell (base station coverage area) to another.
Most current cell phones connect to a cellular network consisting of switching points and base stations (cell sites) owned by a mobile network operater. In addition to the standard voice function, current mobile phones may support many additional service and accessories such as sms for text massage. email ,packet switching for access to the internet gaming Bluetooth infrared camera with video recorder and mms for sending and receiving photo and viode, Mp3 player. The concept of a handheld phone was martin cooper brainchild, and with the help of his Motorola team the first handset was born in 1973 weighing in at two kilos.The international telecommunication union estimated that mobile cellular subscriptions worldwide would reach approximately 4.6 billion by the end of 2009. Mobile phones have gained increased importance in the sector of information and communication telecommunication for development in the 2000s and have effectively started to reach the bottom of the ecomicconic pyramid
This Railfone found on some Amtrak trains in North America uses cellular technology.An increasing number of countries, particularly in Europe, now have more mobile phones than people. According to the figures from Eurostat, the European Union's in-house statistical office, Luxembourg had the highest mobile phone penetration rate at 158 mobile subscriptions per 100 people, closely followed by Lithuania and Italy. In Hong Kong the penetration rate reached 139.8% of the population in July 2007. Over 50 countries have mobile phone subscription penetration rates higher than that of the population and the Western European average penetration rate was 110% in 2007 (source Informa 2007). The U.S. currently has one of the lowest rates of mobile phone penetrations in the industrialised world at
There are over five hundred million active mobile phone accounts in China, as of 2007, but the total penetration rate there still stands below 50%. The total number of mobile phone subscribers in the world was estimated at 2.14 billion in 2005. The subscriber count reached 2.7 billion by end of 2006 according to Informa, and 3.3 billion by November, 2007, thus reaching an equivalent of over half the planet's population. Around 80% of the world's population has access to mobile phone coverage, as of 2006. This figure is expected to increase to 90% by the year 2010.
Broadband fourth generation
Fourth generationrefers to the fourth generation of cellular wireless standards. It is a successor to3gand2gstandards. The nomenclature of the generations generally refers to a change in the fundamental nature of the service. The first was the move from analogue 1g to digital2g transmission. This was followed by multi-media support,spread spectra rum scissions and at least 200kbit/s 3g and now 4g which refers to allippacket switched networks, mobile ultra-broadband (gigabit speed) access andmulticarrier transmission.
advantage of mobile communication
- The more you talk the more you know how to talk and the better your communication skills become. This is applicable if you're a sensible person and keep note of your interacting habits over the phone. It can be a communication tutorial.
- Nothing more than a cell phone comes to great help in emergency. You are driving by the freeway and the vehicle jams and cell phone comes to your rescue. You are stuck in a lone place. again call somebody and ask for directions.
- Parents can be a little less worried about their kids by being in constant touch with them.
- If you're a net-savvy you can have Internet handy all the time and anywhere the signal of your cell phone provider can reach.
- Trendy and stylish cell phones can be used as a bait to receive attention. It can be part of fashion and styling.
- From the industry and economy point of view, cell phone companies' communication industry is flourishing with market capital in billions. This is a good thing for the economy to be smooth and healthy.
- Companies find it yet another medium to advertise their products; so another medium to reach the consumers.
- Nowadays, cell phones are not just phone calls; they're about messaging, vidoe, songs, games, alarm clock, notes, calendar, reminder, etc. So one equipment, lots' of uses!
- Although cell phone use can be dangerous while driving but sometimes it can be a time-saver - you are driving and simultaneously
- discussing some urgent matter as well. A sensible and only urgent usage during driving can be a great help at times.