To start off in the right frame of mind, let's figure out what is globalization? According to Webster's online Dictionary, globalization is defined as, “the development of an increasingly integrated global economy marked especially by free trade, free flow of capital, and the tapping of cheaper foreign labor markets.” (Merriam-webster, 2010) So what this is saying is that big businesses use cheap labor from other countries throughout the world to make a larger profit. I think that kind of sums it up. Another website puts possible blame on America for the rise in globalization. Globalization 101.org says that it is a combination of political and economic system across the world, but then they ask the question, or is America dominating world affairs. (Globalization101) Is globalization good or bad? That seems to be the theme of most web post today. If you Google globalization, the results would read positive effect of globalization or they would read negative effects of globalization. To take on this big debate might be fun, but for now let us just take on how globalization has effect 3rd world or other world countries. After all they are the ones that are affected the most by large businesses. Remember, cheaper labor, more efficient production, and most of all high income margins. To keep this paper on track and focused in an area that this writer has been working on, we will be looking at how globalization has affected South Africa. We will be discussing the affects that globalization has on crime, the environment, and disease. Some of the information that the writer has discovered will be in general and not necessarily dealing with South Africa but all developing countries.
Some might say that crime and globalization go hand and hand. Shelley, author of The Globalization of Crime and Terrorism, wrote that crime and terrorism have increased greatly through globalization impacting areas of developing countries like West Africa and Latin America. (2006) Most of the corruption has been brought about due to the globalization of products and money. Corruption is not just in small militias or small bands of rebels but in the governments as well. With globalization, developing countries are seeing the profits that larger countries have been getting for years. Other people would disagree that the increase in their country's economy has helped them. One side effect is the division between the wealthy and poor. As these countries continue to trade globally and reap the benefits, rich people become richer while poor people become even poorer. One thing will remain constant throughout the world. People want something for nothing. Another side effect of globalization is the increase on the use of natural resources.
Globalization has helped increase the amount of products sold throughout the world. With that in mind, it is understandable that the phenomenon is also causing a strain on the natural resources. A big problem in Uganda and other developing countries is deforestation. Other environment issues that come with globalization are dumping of nuclear waste, mining in remote areas that are protected and depletion of fish. Apalo Nsibambi, Prime Minister of Uganda back in 2001, wrote that overstretched governments are having a hard time keeping up policies that would help protect their environment. The government is trying to continue its path towards a more active role in the world trade, but environmental activist are also demanding that this same government should control the use of their natural resources. (2001) Countries like the United States, China, and Russia have become more environmentally friendly and do not have the need to deplete their natural resources. They rely on the developing countries to use their natural resources to trade. This puts the burden on developing countries to meet the goals of other nations and to not deplete their own natural resource. This isn't the only concerns that developing nations have with globalization. In Uganda, HIV/AIDS has become an epidemic to a point where other countries are trying to help.
Diseases are another side effect that globalization has on countries. The demand to keep up with production combined with cheap labor results in an increase in diseases. As other countries trade, they bring in drugs and diseases from all around the world. Medicine is hard to come by for some developing nation and to combat the diseases has put a strain on the local population. These small countries don't have the proper facilities needed and there for bad working conditions help increase diseases in the country. In Uganda, better medication is getting in to help stabilize HIV/AIDS patients, but non-infectious diseases are becoming a problem. With the help of watch groups throughout the world, developing countries are starting to get the medical help they need to combat the spread of diseases in their country.
Globalization has had both positive and negative effects on smaller less developed countries. First, this phenomenon is helping the economy grow faster than if there were no globalization. The problem is that the divide between rich and poor people is getting greater. Globalization has also put a strain on the natural resources of these developing countries. To meet the demand from the more developed countries, things like deforestation are happening as well as nuclear waste to be dumped in their country. Finally with globalization happening, so are problems with diseases in these developing countries.
Goyal, K. A. (2006) International Research Journal of Finance and Economics. Impact of globalization on developing countries (With special reference to India). Issue 5. retrieved from: http://www.eurojournals.com/IRJFE%206%20goyal.pdf
Merriam-webster retrieved on 1 April 2010 from: http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/globalization
Miano, P. (2003), global envision, Developing countries and globalization. retrieved from:http://www.globalenvision.org/library/22/497
Nsibambi, A. (2001). United Nations General Assembly, Second Committee, The effects globalization on the state in Africa: harnessing the benefits and minimizing the cost. retrieved from: http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/un/unpan001978.pdf
Shelley, L. (2006) America.gov, The globalization of crime and terrorism. retrieved from: http://www.america.gov/st/econ-english/2008/June/20080608103639xjyrreP4.218692e-02.html
World Bank. Uganda at a glance. retrieved, 26 April 2010 from: http://devdata.worldbank.org/AAG/uga_aag.pdf
Content & Impact of issues on economy/development of country discussed: 65 points
Issues: environment, crime, disease
Research synthesized into conclusion and implications for continued globalization discussed. 35 points
Mechanical errors: (1 point deductionf or first 2, 1 point deduction for each additional) up to a 10 point deduction
APA format and references:
Format: up to 5 point deduction
Ref: 2 point deduction for sources that are not academically acceptable.
If you have difficulty with APA format, the following website is one that offers examples that should be helpful: http://www.dianahacker.com/ resdoc/social.html
Overquoted deduction (no more than 10% of your paper may be quoted material.
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Total Points (of 100)