The united states forest service
The United States Forest Service
Smokey the Bear is the official “spokesbear” for the United States Forest Service and has appeared in numerous TV commercials telling people of the dangers of forest fires. His popular catch phrase, "Only YOU can prevent forest fires", is one of the most widely recognized slogans in the United States. The Forest Service is an agency of the United States Department of Agriculture. They manage public lands in national forests and grasslands and is the lead Federal agency in natural resource conservation. The mission: "To sustain the health, diversity, and productivity of the Nation's forests and grasslands to meet the needs of present and future generations." The motto: "Caring for the land and serving people." Gifford Pinchot, the first Chief of the Forest Service, summed up the mission of the Forest Service in a few words:"to provide the greatest amount of good for the greatest amount of people in the long run."
The United States Forest Service began with the formation of National Forests. National forests, at first called forest reserves, began with the Forest Reserve Act of 1891, which allowed the president to establish forest reserves from timber covered public domain land. Several early leaders and visionaries, along with willing presidents, especially Teddy Roosevelt, scientific and conservation organizations, and newly trained forestry professionals, led the successful effort in retaining millions of acres of Federal forest land for future generations .Congress established the Forest Service as a special agency of the Department of Agriculture in 1905 to provide quality water and timber for the Nation's benefit. Over the years, demand has become greater, and the public has expanded the list of what they want from national forests and grasslands. Congress responded by directing the Forest Service to manage national forests for additional multiple uses and benefits and for the sustained yield of renewable resources such as water, forage, wildlife, wood, and recreation. Multiple use means managing resources under the best combination of uses to benefit the American people while ensuring the productivity of the land and protecting the quality of the environment.
National forests are America's great outdoors. They encompass 193 million acres of land, which is an area equivalent to the size of Texas. National forests provide opportunities for recreation in open spaces and natural environments. With more and more people living in urban areas, national forests are becoming more important and valuable to Americans. People enjoy a wide variety of activities on national forests, including backpacking in remote, untamed wilderness areas, off-roading through a forest on trail, enjoying the views along a scenic byway, or fishing in a great trout stream, to mention just a few. The job of Forest Service managers is to help people share and enjoy the forest, while conserving the environment for generations yet to come. Some services of the Forest Service include protection and management of natural resources on National Forest System lands, research on all aspects of forestry, rangeland management, forest resource utilization, and to help protect and manage non-Federal forest and associated range and watershed lands to improve conditions in rural areas. As of 2009, the Forest Service has a total budget of $5.5 billion, 42% of which is spent fighting fires. The Forest Service employs 34,250 employees in 750 locations, including 10,050 firefighters, 737 law enforcement personnel, and 500 scientists.
In my opinion, the United States Forest Service's most important job is fighting wildfires. They spend almost two and a half billion dollars every year fighting these wildfires and trying to prevent them in the first place. A wildfire differs from other fires by its extensive size, the speed at which it can spread out from its original source, and its ability to change direction unexpectedly, and to jump gaps, such as roads and rivers. They are extremely dangerous and take many lives each year. The Forest Service tries to prevent these wildfires by advertising (Smokey Bear), controlled burns, and through education. As more people choose to build homes, operate businesses and recreate in areas where woodlands border more urban areas, the threat to private property from woodland fire increases. More and more wildfires are happening across the United States each year; therefore we need the United States Forest Service more now than ever. When wildfires break out, local fire departments team up with the Forest Service to put out the fires by land and air. The Forest Service has many resources including a fleet of fire fighting planes, helicopters, and land vehicles that are necessary for reaching fires in rural areas.
In conclusion, next time you hear the phrase “Only YOU can prevent forest fires”, you will know a little bit behind the agency Smokey the Bear works for. The Forest Service manages America's vast and beautiful public lands in national forests and grasslands and is the lead Federal agency in natural resource conservation