Out of 100,000 adolescents, 2,000 to 3,000 of them will have a mood disorder and among them about 10 will commit suicide. Anxiety and mood disorders if rapidly rising among children today. It is a very serious but also controversial topic which argues if children can really be diagnosed so young with having a mood disorder. There are studies today that are looking for new ways to diagnose and treat anxiety and mood disorders in children.
Anxiety symptoms are the number one health problem in America. There a big range of anxiety disorders that exists along with their severity. It has been said that anxiety disorder in children is felt to be under diagnosed and sometimes many children with anxiety disorder go undiagnosed. Symptoms of anxiety disorder can included having a sense of worry, apprehension, fear and distress. When a child is experiencing anxiety they may have physical symptoms like a headache, nausea and sweating. When the child's anxiety is severe it can affect the way the child thinks and makes decisions. It can also affect their learning and they can have trouble concentrating.
Children diagnosed with an anxiety disorder can have many forms of treatment that can help them deal with their anxiety. There are psychological treatments such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, psychotherapy and behavioral therapy. Each type of therapy focuses on a different level of anxiety. There are also psychopharmacological treatments that can help children with anxiety disorder. Many types of medications fall under this type of treatment, and this type of treatment is also the most controversal. There are also things that you can change in the child's environment that can help with treating their anxiety. Ways to do this could be by avoiding stimulants including not having caffeine, promote good sleeping habits and also trying to reduce stressors in the child's life.
Mood disorders are a group of health problems that includes all types of depression and also bipolar disorder. There are many types of mood disorders including major depression, dysthmic disorder and manic depression. Symptoms of mood disorders can be a persistent feeling of sadness, hopeless and helplessness. The child may have low self-esteem and feel inadequate. They may feel like they want to die and also loose interest in activities that the child once had enjoyed. They can have trouble sleeping and also show changes in their appetite or weight. They may also threaten to run away from home. They can have physical complaints also like a headache or stomachache. When treating a child for a mood disorder, many factors can play a role in what type of treatment the child will receive. They can be treated by using antidepressant medications, psychotherapy and family therapy. In some cases the child's school may also get involved with the treatment of the child's mood disorder. Parents play a vital supportive in any of the child's treatment processes.
Anxiety disorders and mood disorders are a very serious health issue amongst the children today. Many children will go undiagnosed and not get the help and treatment that they need. The controversy today is dealing with the evaluation process and trying to make sure that children get properly diagnosed with the right disorder that they have instead of being misdiagnosed and even undiagnosed.
Kennedy, S. (2004). Mood disorders in children and teens. A Pediatric Perspective, 13(2), Retrieved from http://www.gillettechildrens.org/fileUpload/Vol13No2.pdf