Plan reflected the standard structure

Plan reflected the standard structure

What is crime?

This is really not comprehensive enough as a plan, and it would be good if your plan reflected the standard structure of essays, that is, an introduction, body of the essay and conclusion and that the points of the plan were grouped accordingly.

Crime will be addressed as violence against the person, place or thing, high lighting the correlation between fear and fascination. Political leaders contradict each other, with respect to the levels of crime, in contemporary society, creating a lack of trust and thus the fear that crime is out of control. Subscribing to that perception, criminologist Robert Reiner (pg 11) (1996, p3) A good attempt to reference but we will need to go over how this is done, see my more detailed comment on this at the end of your assignment. argues “in the last 40 years, we have got used to thinking of crime, like the weather and pop music, as something always getting worse. Furthermore, According to Maguire's graph (1997) (p158) crimes recorded by police from 1876 to 2000, shows less than 100,000 offences prior to 1930, whereas in 1992 recorded crimes peaked to over five million. The elderly yearn for a time, when old age was respected, when it was relatively safe to walk the city streets. This was the “golden age “were police patrolled the streets on foot, doors could be left open, and children could play safely in the streets. Undoubtedly crimes were committed, but not at a level where the elderly were afraid to go out at night, and were not secure in their homes. This was a period of history, where communities cared for and supported each other; arguably, a parallel of this was evident during the blitz period in the United Kingdom of World War two. This is one manifestation, where politically produced contradictory crime statistics only succeeded in escalating the fear factor. An increase in domestic security, including burglar alarms and the wealthy adopting closed circuit television and high gated security are further indication of the spread of the fear of crime. Other precautionary measures against the intrusion of crime can be found where children are adult protected going to and coming from school and whilst at play in certain parks and areas. Furthermore fear can be expressed in the extra precautions taken against identity, credit card and bank account theft. Despite the manifestations mentioned Hough and Mayhew(British Crime Survey ) (pg 20) suggest, that, the data indicates the perception of the fear of crime was not supported by the statistics (social trends 2002 p154)which shows that ,whilst the elderly statistically where the least likely to become victims, they felt most at risk. Young males were more likely to become victims. Cohen ( 1973 ) (pg 23) offers an argumentative explanation for the generation of the fear factor highlighting media sensationalism .Cohen stated that a level of moral panic generated by media sensationalism with respect to what was perceived as the “invasion” of “mods” and “rockers” in Clacton in 1962. Good use of course materials here. These points of argument raise the question as to whether the fear of crime is created by crime itself or is an emotion created by media over exposure. This is an extremely long paragraph which contains some useful material, but does need editing and focusing onto the question in the terms that it was set.

It could be argued that the corollary of the fear of crime could possibly be found in the development of a fascination with the concept, promoted largely by the influence of press, television, and the plethora of books highlighting fictional and factual crime. According to Jack Kratz (1996 )(pg 14) society can become voyeurs and spectators in this scary and exciting world .the criminologist states “watch the strutting street display of gang members and you will be struck by the awesome fascination that symbols of evil hold......” (ibid). It could be said, therefore, that fascination with crime is fed by the fear, in other words, were crime to be a concept without fear then “the Penny Dreadfuls” the prototype for sensationalized fictional narration of crime probably may not have existed . This development of literature filtered down to the press, taking into account the technological innovations of that medium. Many of which, it could be argued, where based in pure speculation. During the development of this press interest the growth in more technologies, for example, television and the internet grew, television stations produced more crime related programmes to “feed our curiosity”. The internet combined with the press and television produced websites, certain types of games adding more to society's fascination with crime. This paragraph again has some very useful discussion but does need some editing.

Fear of and fascination with crime enjoy the same power to hold our attention, whether through a voyeuristic approach or simply ensuring safety in our homes, and our families. It could be said, that press influence, television, and literature, could have a direct bearing on our views of crime. This begs the question, has society become more desensitized to crime and its reporting? Demanding more exciting and elaborate press coverage and demanding of TV producers to make more lurid and sensational programmes. This is evident in press sales and television ratings. Yes the media element is an important concept for this question.

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