Describe the key historical events

Introduction

The basis for this essay is to present and describe some key historical events during a period of time in Israel's history

There was a time in Israel's history where the fathers of the bible lived? The scripture says there were patriarchs, before the flood occurred in the days of Noah, Genesis 7, and the ones lived after the flood (Gen. 10-11). Yet, humankind always makes reference of "Abraham," "Isaac," and "Jacob" (Gen.12-32), and "Joseph" (Gen. 32-50).

Topography

The period of the patriarchs spread during the first part of a period of time with a chronological record of events of one household. However, it has an unusual origin that spread to a relatively great distance. From "Ur" to an "old Sumerian city on the Persian Gulf."[1] "Abraham is undoubtedly one of the major characters of the Old Testament, and has a significant role to play in the New Testament."[2]

Period

According to the Illumina, Bible Encyclopedia which states the exact period of the patriarchs is difficult to trace apart from the king mentioned in Genesis 14: 1-2, they cannot find any other external reference from which to determine the date. Although the bible refer to existed people and places, they cannot for sure verify any one of the king

Significance:

It is difficult to overstate the significant part the patriarchs played in the unfolding plan of God's salvation. Without doubt, it begins with Abraham (John 8:56). God's disclosure of himself and his will to humankind starts with the call of Abraham in Genesis 12:1-3. And his revealing method goes on, with greater understanding, even in other patriarch's lifetime. Certainty, it is no harm that the scripture refer to God, as the God of "Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob." Because of the divine will or truth that was earlier made to patriarchs which is the groundwork of anything to be guided by. Assuredly, because of the New Agreement we can refer to "Abraham as our ancestor"[3] in Romans 4:16.

The Conquest:

The Israelites conquering, of Canaan is worthy of notice and attention in Old Testament period, a woefully disorganized nation of roaming people entering a powerful nation, which gained the victory over there enemies. However, according to the bible, the victory was the declaration God made to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Whereas, there descendant would maintain control over Canaan (Exodus 3:15-17). God was displeased with the Canaanites due to their false belief and sexual misconduct. "He warned the Israelite not to intermarried with them,"[4] which resulted in God's deciding to give the land to his chosen nation, the people of Israelite. According to the Complete Jewish Bible, "ADONAI didn't set his heart on you or choose you because you numbered more than any other people - on the contrary, you were the fewest of all peoples."[5] Deut. 7:1-5

Dates:

According, to "[6]scholars who try to put together the history of the Conquest," suggested that the "Exodus from Egypt happen in 13th century BC. (1280 BC. or later). Several Biblical references seem to suggest an earlier date, however. According to 1 Kings 6:1, construction of Solomon's temple was begun in the fourth year of his reign, 480 years after the exodus. Since Solomon's fourth year was about 960 BC, that would place the exodus 1440 BC."[7] According, to the Illumina, Bible Encyclopedia which states that in "Judges 11:26-28, when Jephthan, eight of the named judges, argued with the king of Ammon about Israelite possession of the land east of the Jordan River, he indicated that Israel had occupied this territory 300 years. Saul's taking pf the kingship about 1020 BC was still some decades off so the later date proposed for the Exodus does not allow enough time for the period of the judges to have happen in between. Further, the apostle Paul mentions a period of about 450 years from the Exodus to Samuel's day (Acts 13:20)."[8]

Joshua's objective:

The book of Joshua gives the impression that Joshua and the people of Israel fighting with the Canaanites people, happen in a relatively short time. "Ai lay close at hand, and was encountered by the invaders before reaching Bethel; its exact site, however, is undetermined. The two towns were in close alliance compare Jos.8:17) and the defeat and destruction of the one was quickly followed by the similar fate that overtook the other."[9] Most notably, some bible scholars maintain that some of the Semitic people who did not go along with Jacob into Egypt had previously moved in placed slowly and the Israelites were clearing the remainder of the land.

According to Illumina Bible Encyclopedia, the vanquishment starts on the east side of the Jordan River under Moses. Immediately after he died Joshua escort the national of Israel to the other side of the river Jordan, gain control over the cities of Jericho and Ai first. Which led them into the land of Canaan, and win the victory over their 31 kings and that end a significant period of the conquest.

In Joshua 2-8 the writing of this uncommonly occurrence of the annihilation of Jericho and Ai raised fear in the heart of the other leftover town of the land. Ch 9-10 gives an account of the southern operations, involving how the Gibeonites mislead the nation of Israel to compose a counterfeit alliance. Ch.10:9-11 gives an account of the supernatural power of the setback, of the opposing military force and how God prolonged the light of day. The five Amorite kings that allied against the Israelite were subdued, murdered and their cities completely ruin, excluding for "Jerusalem."

However, in the northern military operations Joshua comes face to face with a stronger allied. Nerveless, they were no matched for the nation of Israel's armies. In Joshua 11 it give an account of that aspect, and "summarize the complete Conquest to chapter 12."[10]

The Judges:

In the Old Testament time, a judge was an administrative head of Israel. The word in Hebrew express, a person of importance who lead the political direction during times of warfare. According to the Illumina Bible Encyclopedia, "some Bible scholars say that there were two types of judges in the Old Testament. The first type is the major judge, who led all the people of Israel. Whereas, the second type is the minor judge, who led small groups of people and although they cannot explain why some stories about certain judges or longer than others stories. But they all did what God asked them to do for the people of Israel."[11]

In the bible the book of Judges relate incidents of many judges that had ruled over Israel after they inherit the "Promised Land." Throughout this time the Israelite fail to follow God's order they worship false god. So God sometimes show his anger against them and allowed their enemies to defeat them. Meanwhile, the people of Israel often repented, then ask God to help and he would provide a judge to help them. For a period of time they would obey God worship him and live in peace. Then they would go back to worship false god. Even as the children Israel go on to disobey God, he was always merciful and compassionate to them. He sends Judges to display his love and care for them.

Name of the Judges:

"Othniel, Ehud, Shamgar, Deborah and Barak, Gideon, Ttola, Jair, Jephthah, Ibzon, Elon, Abdon, and Samson."[12]

The Monarchy:

The word "melek" king according to Illumina, Bible Encyclopedia is "mentioned more than two thousands times in the Hebrew Old Testament."[13] It is used to "refer to God in Psalm 95:3, or to human rulers."[14] The Israelite monarchy was allowed to happen and was not a definite purpose by God. It was not an act or instance of his choosing that there should be a king over Israel, because he foresee what is going happen to them, he even make them aware in advance of actual or potential harm in Deuteronomy 17:14-20.

During this period God sets up many judges, and army leaders who with his power help secure the Israelite from the Philistines "around 1200 BC on wards."[15] When the people demand a king they refuse to accept Samuel ministry. They were not satisfied with his spiritual leadership, but wanted a more vigorously leader like the others they saw the other nations have. Give us a king, they asked, so we can be like all the other nations around us. Give us a king that will rule and lead us into war (1 Sam 8:2).

In spite of Samuel frustration, he anoints "Saul" as king of Israel. Unfortunately, Saul's kingship hindered. Because he was more concerned over holding on to power than showing concern for God's people. Under the circumstances, God disregard Saul kingship (1Samuels 15:23)

The Return from Exile

In accordance with the Illumina Bible Encyclopedia in "597 BC Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon took away the first exiles from Jerusalem. In 598 BC the Babylonians returned, pillage and burned the city and its temple and took an estimated 60,000 to 80,000 Judeans into exile."[16]

Between "559 to 530 BC, marked the beginning of an era,"[17] within a short time Persian king Cyrus the Great gain control he published a decree in (Ezra 1:2-4) and gave consent to Jewish exile to return to their homeland, which changed their lives. The Illumina Bible Encyclopedia state that there were" two separate group of exiles returned to Judah, and built a new sanctuary in Jerusalem on the site of Solomon's temple in 516 BC."[18] Also under King Artaxerxes in (464-424 BC), two separate groups returned from Babylon under Ezra in (458 BC) and under Nehemiah in (445 BC).

Bibliographies

  • Beers, Ronald A., Petersen, Ken., Saba, Nelson. Illumina, Bible Encyclopedia: (Tyndale House Publishers, 2002)
  • Davis, Andrew. Panorama of the Old Testament: South London Christian College in partnership with (Mattersey Hall, Textbook)
  • The New Hendrickson Parallel Bible, New Living Translation (Tyndale House Press 208)
  • The Complete Jewish Bible Study Light.org (Messianic Jewish Publishers, 2005)
  • The Monarchy And Temple Destruction (http://ldolphin.org/barrychron.html 02/15/09, 10:00)
  • Carl Schultz. The Political Tensions Reflected in Nehemiah and Ezra Old Testament Gateway http://www.otgateway.com/nehemia.htm 02/15/09/ 9
  • Geden, A. S.. "Joshua (2)," International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia. Edited by James Orr. Blue Letter Bible. 1913. 5 May 2003. 27 Feb 2009.
  • <http://cf.blueletterbible.org/isbe/isbe.cfm?id=11806:14 pm
  • Randall Price A Brief History of the Jewish Temple (http://www.templemount.org/history.htm 02/15/09; 10:16 pm)
  • Sayce, A. H.. "Canaan; Canaanites," International Standard Bible
  • Encyclopaedia. Edited by James Orr. Blue Letter Bible. 1913. 5 May 2003. 27 Feb 2009.
  • http://cf.blueletterbible.org/isbe/isbe.cfm?id=8466
  1. Beers, Ronald A., Petersen, Ken., Saba, Nelson. Illumina, Bible Encyclopedia: (Tyndale House Publishers, 2002)
  2. Davis, Andrew. Panorama of the Old Testament: South London Christian College in partnership with (Mattersey Hall, Textbook
  3. Beers, Ronald A., Petersen, Ken., Saba, Nelson. Illumina, Bible Encyclopedia:
  4. Sayce, A. H.. "Canaan; Canaanites," International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia. Edited by James Orr. Blue Letter Bible. 1913. 5 May 2003. 27 Feb 2009. http://cf.blueletterbible.org/isbe/isbe.cfm?id=8466
  5. The Complete Jewish Bible Study Light.org Messianic Jewish Publishers, 2005
  6. Randall Price A Brief History of the Jewish Temple (http://www.templemount.org/history.htm 02/15/09; 10:16 pm
  7. Beers, Ronald A., Petersen, Ken., Saba, Nelson. Illumina, Bible Encyclopedia
  8. Beers, Ronald A.,
  9. Geden, A. S.. "Joshua (2)," International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia. Edited by James Orr. Blue Letter Bible. 1913. 5 May 2003. 27 Feb 2009.
  10. Beers, Ronald A., Petersen, Ken., Saba, Nelson. Illumina, Bible Encyclopedia
  11. Beers, Ronald A., Petersen, Ken., Saba, Nelson. Illumina, Bible Encyclopedia:
  12. The New Hendrickson Parallel Bible, New Living Translation (Tyndale House Press 2008
  13. Beers, Ronald A., Petersen, Ken., Saba, Nelson. Illumina, Bible Encyclopedia:
  14. The Monarchy And Temple Destruction (http://ldolphin.org/barrychron.html 02/15/09, 10:00
  15. Davis, Andrew. Panorama of the Old Testament
  16. Beers, Ronald A., Petersen, Ken., Saba, Nelson. Illumina, Bible Encyclopedia:
  17. Carl Schultz. The Political Tensions Reflected in Nehemiah and Ezra Old Testament Gateway http://www.otgateway.com/nehemia.htm 02/15/09/ 9
  18. Beers, Ronald A., Petersen, Ken., Saba, Nelson

Please be aware that the free essay that you were just reading was not written by us. This essay, and all of the others available to view on the website, were provided to us by students in exchange for services that we offer. This relationship helps our students to get an even better deal while also contributing to the biggest free essay resource in the UK!