Culture influences tourism

Abstract

"The term desakota is a malay word used to describe urban city states. It literally means City Village, Desakota refers to urban-rural areas. Tourism has become increasingly important to economic sustainability of these areas. Example of Desakota regions include, Yogyakarta, Bali, area near Borobudur etc. Tourism development in these areas are encouraged because of its rich and intact culture, unadulterated natural attractions and because most of the areas are special interests of governments as they have the least industrial resources and are the most poor in the nation. This is the case with many desakota areas in the world.

Tourism development in Desakota. This is the topic chosen for this research and this paper will consist of facts which we have uncovered during our research. For this research we analyzed articles and books written on the economic developments in desakota regions like regions in Nepal and Bangladesh. Our research has shown that there is an increased sense of urgency in developing these areas, usually with little attention given to areas such as the social impacts and the environmental impacts of introducing tourism to such areas. This research will also analyze the impacts of culture on tourism, government policies which leads to development of tourism in such areas. We will also have a synthesis map of the regions analyzed. "

Introduction

The term desakota is a malay word used to describe urban city states. It literally means City Village, Desakota refers to urban-rural areas. Tourism has become increasingly important to economic sustainability of these areas. Example of Desakota regions include, Yogyakarta, Bali, area near Borobudur etc. Tourism development in these areas are encouraged because of its rich and intact culture, unadulterated natural attractions and because most of the areas are special interests of governments as they have the least industrial resources and are the most poor in the nation. This is the case with many desakota areas in the world.

Tourism development in Desakota. This is the topic chosen for this research and this paper will consist of facts which we have uncovered during our research. For this research we analyzed articles and books written on the economic developments in desakota regions like regions in Nepal and Bangladesh. Our research has shown that there is an increased sense of urgency in developing these areas, usually with little attention given to areas such as the social impacts and the environmental impacts of introducing tourism to such areas. This research will also analyze the impacts of culture on tourism, government policies which leads to development of tourism in such areas. We will also have a synthesis map of the regions analyzed.

How culture influences tourism.

In recent times tourism has become a tool for the masses to often reach the roots of civilization. Thus there are always attempts by tourists or travelers to experience cultural aspects of the visiting country like eating the food or dressing the same as the host. This is there way of experiencing a unique culture. There are also those who actively participate in cultural celebrations and other such activities.

Culture is paramount to desakota tourism developments in the world. Cultural tourism is the key to survival of these ancient societies with a deep rooted sense of culture in there way of life. In areas such as Bali, yogyakarta, or other such regions in Indonesia, this phenomena is very visible. In most places where tourism has sprung out, it has seen an economic revival unlike never seen in civilizations history. There are changes seen everywhere from there way of life to there basic life styles being influenced by the tourist arrivals. The urge to see and experience new cultures by a more psycho-centric traveler is the key to survival of these ancient cultures into the modern century.

The more the tourists go and visit these ancient places the closer they become to these cultures, often creating repeat visitations by the same tourists, creating a more sustainable industry in the areas. But in some cases, tourism often destroys ancient age old cultures by comodifying them where they are being sold in the market for money. This is a great danger to the cultures survival in these areas as a whole.

Government actions and policies.

It is often a change in government policy which brings tourism to ares like these. Policies which are designed by the government to create a system where there is enough economic activity which helps the economy of these previously subsistence firming communities. These policies are designed to lift the society as a whole above the seasonal variations in agricultural industry.

The Most important development in these areas is the availability of soft loans with minimal interests attached. This opened up new enterprises by the locals catering for visiting tourists who flock to these attractions in search for new cultures and experience new ways of life. These new soft loans provided by government and private banks in agreement with local governments, meant a jump start for activities like restaurants, lodging facilities.

Another important change was the government investing in infrastructure like airports, roads and sometimes highways, opening access to these regions and thus helping further in developing these regions. This has been the key to developments in these regions.

One of the greatest policy challenge the government face is how to minimize the environmental and social costs of tourism. While inevitable, many local governments are trying there best to create sustainable tourism practices and a more greener alternative to traditional forms of tourism. These governments must make sure that resources in these areas are used in a sustainable manner to lengthen the tourism life cycle in these areas. If environmental degradation continue, it is realized that it will create more and more problems for the industry in such ares.

Physical, environmental, economical and social constraints to tourism in Desakota regions.

There are many constraints to tourism in these areas. Mainly economic ones.

  1. One of the biggest challenge is the accessibility of these regions. If there are no airports and if these areas are not located in a proximity which is easily accessible to travellers, this creates a huge challenge to tourism in the region.
  2. Another challenge is the relative cultural shock that will be created for the hosts when tourists arrive in there regions. Tourists who have different life style and culture. The hosts may not easily accept the tourist arrivals and might not welcome what they see as intrusions into there lives. This is a huge social constraint to tourism in these areas.
  3. Economic constrains are also very probable in these areas. As money for investments are scarce and there are minimum number of banks in these ares, investment in the industry is minimal. This creates huge problems for the development of tourism infrastructure in the region.
  4. Many times introduction of tourism to rural areas lead to environmental degradation. Forests are cut to build infrastructure for tourism, natural resources are being overused in many areas assisting in specific forms of tourism requiring such resources.

Bibligrophy

  1. Final Report Desakota, Part II E3. Regional literature review on ecosystem services and poverty alleviation - Amazon and Andes. http://www.research4development.info/SearchResearchDatabase.asp?OutputID=179302
  2. Simulating Emergent Urban Form Using Agent-Based Modeling: Desakota in the Suzhou-Wuxian Region in China http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/118517291/abstract?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0
  3. Ecological analysis of an emerging urban landscape patterndesakota: a case study in Suzhou, China http://www.springerlink.com/content/f607310834676531/

Introduction

Succulent vineyards, the iconic Eiffel Tower capped with the affluent French Riviera, France has stood out tall and proud as the world's number 1 travel destination for the last 15 years in a row to date.

Despite France holding such a prominent position in the tourism industry, it is not the number 1 in tourism revenue, to the mortification of the country's tourism authority. With this, the respective authority has launched a campaign to "rebrand" France, a place most would-be travellers across the globe consider to be dreamland.

With accordance to the U.N. World Tourism Organization, 82 million visitors travelled to France in 2007, an increase of 3.3 million from the year before and well ahead of number 2 Spain and number 3 the United States of America, who welcomed 58 million and 51 million visitors correspondingly in the year.

But international competition, altering consumer demands and superior tourism revenue from the United States of America and Spain have provoked some serious soul-searching in French tourism circles. This has prompted the Ministry of Economy, Industry and Employment to initiate a strategic plan known as "Destination France 2020," with the goal of increasing revenue and creating jobs.

As part of its strategy to rejuvenate the nation's tourism industry, the French Government has recently unveiled a new France brand that includes a new symbolic logo and travel campaign. The symbolic logo features a young woman portraying "Marianne", an allegorical figure and national pictogram since the French Revolution, as she looks toward the potential future ahead. A dreamy tag line, "Rendez-vous en France," is premeditated to seduce visitors to the land of fashion, food and fine wine.

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