Based on opinion of the participants showed that the most common expectation of the e-voting will increase turnout. There is a perception that a number of people are not attending in election because of a variety of causes. The major problems were containing long queues, lack of staffs, the inadequate number of accessible polling stations, shortage of ballot papers and political intimidation. Some contributors were optimistic about their election experiences and mentioned that voting has enhanced their quality of living. Majority of the contributors agreed that only e-voting can resolve those inconveniences. In this consider, this ensures more reliably that e-voting will increase voting turnout.
Seventy eight per cent (78%) of the respondents felt that queuing is the most problem when voting in SA. Fifty per cent (50%) of the respondents felt that transport is a most problem on the elections. In response to registration, sixty per cent (60%), indicated that registration is not a problem at all in South African elections.
2.4.2 Essential Facts Regarding for an Introducing E-Voting System
After explaining the underlying security system which surrounding in the e-voting systems, many contributors considered that e-voting is secure in term of confidentiality and integrity and also will produce a fair election. Only a few contributors were doubt about the security protection of e-voting system and they believed that e-voting will not produce fair election. The majority participant believed that e-voting system should replace the traditional paper ballot currently in place of elections. Most of the contributors also showed that the most common expectation of the e-voting will be user friendly if the system provides the option for using in different languages. Most of the respondents strongly agreed that there need to provide the facility to inspect the e-voting system software by the representatives of political parties and civil society. They also agreed that source code for all software utilized in the e-voting system should be made civic. They believe that this will protect the chance of partial election. Most of the contributors supported that there should provide the facility to the voter to verify the paper ballot matched his or her choice before the vote is cast. They strongly agreed that paper proof requirement will enhance the transparency and public confidence.
The fieldwork results also showed that many contributors considered telephone and internet voting are more suitable because those are universal. They will be able to make a call to their related municipalities to enquire regarding their status of registration. Furthermore, they will be able to vote by sending SMS or via the telephone to cast their votes. By using internet, they will be able to vote from anywhere of the globe. Regarding the above background, the below diagram expresses the results of survey.
2.4.3 Precedence of an Introducing E-Voting System
The fieldwork results showed that majority of the contributors agreed that e-voting is essential because of its important improvement on the existing inconveniences in elections. The major inspirations of an introducing of e-voting system considered including simple access, usefulness and efficiency, potential accurateness, fast results, reduction time and money, decreasing long queues, decreasing political intimidation, decreasing fraud and corruption, decreasing human error, decreasing travelling long distances, offer facilities to disable citizens, employment of IT students and enhance voting turnout.
They also cited some important matters that should be addressed prior to e-voting can be situated in place. These included advance education and training operations, consultation and contribution, accessibility, and financial support. The major benefits that were at the heart of the substances, in their sight whoever experienced troubles on Election Day, comprising physically challenged voters.
In the below the diagram show the ADVANTAGES OF E-VOTING.
When requested to contributors about any specific advantages or considerations concerning e-voting, most of them believed that there would be no require travelling the comparatively long distances and there would be dependable infrastructure. Some participants said that there will be availability to the e-environment.
Specific advantages of e-voting in the rural areas were also noted which included reduction of long queues, no long to be travelled any longer distances, and on improvement of infrastructure, and improvement of e-governance.
Subsequently, contributors also had views about the drawbacks of e-voting. The major disadvantages were cited including too much costs, being issue to manipulation, being extremely sophisticated, lack of protection and privacy, computers could be affected by viruses, attacks by computer hackers, electronic failure, inadequacy of audit transparency and not every voters having online services. Retrenchment was also highlighted to such a point in the logic that this might have a negative impact to the electoral employee who is not computer literate at present.
When requested how the rated drawbacks should be addressed, contributors suggested community involvement, training and education, observing and evaluation of communications in rural areas are the major solutions. A dependable power system should be put in situate, mostly in remote areas where electrical energy is non-existent. This would also certify electricity back-up in case of urgent situation. They also suggested providing training to the illiterate electoral staffs on how to operate the voting machines.
The fieldwork results also showed that e-voting elections need to be monitored 24 hours by electoral representatives and possibly by party agents in all station. This needs to be done in order to shun malpractices, viruses and other troubles pertaining to corruption and fraud like double-voting. Strong penalties were also recommended to those who would be caught up in crime or fraud.
2.4.4 Planning Deliberation Regarding for an Introducing E-Voting System
The fieldwork results showed that majority of the contributors cited regarding the issues that would arise in the introduction of an e-voting system including the digital divide; political conflict; and technological infrastructure. They also agreed that some areas need to be given concentration which included consultation with stakeholders; access; government assurance to providing infrastructure; capability building mostly on project management; piloting e-voting; and standardization of e-voting.
Majority of the contributors are strongly agreed that participation can improve a potential e-voting system. The views that were at the heart in this consider which included starting primary and secondary voter education, improvement of applicable technology, political buy-in, graphic and consistency of e-voting.