Embryo implants

Embryo implants is more familiarly known as a process called "In Vitro Fertilization." This process is one meant to help couples or women who have trouble conceiving naturally to become parents without having to adopt. A lot of religions say that "In Vitro" goes against gods will for women to become mothers, and that it is neither natural nor human to use this procedure because there are usually several fertilized eggs implanted in the women to increase pregnancy chance meaning several "future babies" will indeed die. Although this process brings joy to most families it does involve some risk, yet most infertile women are willing to take them if it means they can have at least one child of their own to complete their family.

The term in-vitro was originally quite literal, meaning "in glass" - referring to the test tube in which egg and sperm were artificially joined. Now the term refers to any procedure that is preformed outside the body - glass may or may not be involved. Today, in most cases, actual fertilization takes place in a Petri dish, not a test tube. After this procedure it is then implanted in the women and then only time will tell if it works. A lot of families turn to in vitro instead of adoption even though there are so many orphans because of how expensive and how much longer the adoption process is. So many women turn to this procedure that the earliest appointment Peggy and her husband could get was three months away, even though the odds were against them Peggy would try everything before giving up on having a baby.(Goldfard, 1) In Vitro does have its rare risks like fertility medications leading to ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome, the chance of a multiples pregnancy is increased in all assisted reproductive procedures. There are additional risks and concerns related to multiples during pregnancy such as increased risk of premature delivery. (Fisanik 1) For women who have medical problems having multiples could be very dangerous for both the mom and babies, but of course there are the rare exceptions when there is a pregnancy with multiples and everything goes great like for Kate and Jon and their sextuplets.

In vitro can also be used to choose the sex of your child. Concerned Women for America can say Dr. Gleicher's 100-percent effective method of sex selection is unethical because it destroys the embryonic children of the undesired sex. Center for Human Reproduction (CHR) has assigned the personal preferences of parents a higher value than the lives of children. This shows an obvious disregard for life and turns a child into a pawn for the gratification of parents' wishes. (Riggs 1) In vitro should be looked at as a cure for infertility and not as an everyday convenience. All patients should know the recommended qualifications for a successful implantation. Some of the qualifications are that women be between 25 and 35 years old, has a husband with high sperm count and has tubal infertility with no other problems. In sum, the patient should treat the IVF procedure with profound respect, being careful not to deify it. The operation should not be used as a novelty and should be understood to be the final effort for an infertile couple to give birth to their own child. (Milich 1)

Most religions or churches believe that children conceived by in vitro are unnatural and are conceived by a "morally illicit" technique that separates procreation from the union of husband and wife. ( Doyle 1) The churches are not to blame for this opposition thus they were convinced by Pope Paul VI that is was inhuman. " The official opposition of the church to IVF rests on the guiding principle behind Humanae vitae, Pope Paul VI's 1968 encyclical; namely, that sex, love, and procreation are inseparable. Sexual intercourse is an expression of marital love, wrote Paul, and each sexual act must be generally open to the possibility of procreation. Because IVF divorces procreation from sexual union, it's wrong. In other words, a child conceived by means other than a loving sexual act is conceived illicitly from a moral standpoint."(Doyle 1)

In Vitro Fertilization in my opinion is an amazing scientific breakthrough, what was fiction a long time ago has become our reality today. Personally I think it's great that our doctors today can help infertile couples get pregnant with their own child and have that intimate and lifetime experience with one another. Although in some cases the procedure does not work, it's percentage of success if very high. Adoption is a good alternative to infertility as well but there is nothing like the experience of being pregnant even if there are risk to getting in vitro, most women would tell you it's worth the risk to have my baby. To me family is the most important thing in the world and it's amazing that doctors can now give that to every women who was once told she could never have a child of her own.

Works Cited

  • Milich, Marvin F. "Reproductive Technologies Must Be Regulated to Protect Society." Current Controversies: Reproductive Technologies. Ed. Carol Wekesser. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1996. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Gale. Klein Oak High School. 18 Nov. 2009 <http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T010&prodId=OVRC&docId=EJ3010061217&source=gale&srcprod=OVRC&userGroupName=tlc049159053&version=1.0>.
  • Riggs, Rebecca L. "Sex Selection Is Not Ethical." Current Controversies: Medical Ethics. Ed. Laura K. Egendorf. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2005. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Gale. Klein Oak High School. 18 Nov. 2009 <http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T010&prodId=OVRC&docId=EJ3010053247&source=gale&srcprod=OVRC&userGroupName=tlc049159053&version=1.0>.
  • Goldfarb, Herbert A, Zoe Graves and Judith Greif. "In Vitro Fertilization Benefits Infertile Couples." Current Controversies: Reproductive Technologies. Ed. Carol Wekesser. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1996. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Gale. Klein Oak High School. 7 Dec. 2009 <http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T010&prodId=OVRC&docId=EJ3010061206&source=gale&srcprod=OVRC&userGroupName=tlc049159053&version=1.0>.
  • American Society of Reproductive Medicine. "The Risks of Fertility Treatments Are Overstated." Contemporary Issues Companion: Women's Health. Ed. Christina Fisanik. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2006. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Gale. Klein Oak High School. 7 Dec. 2009 <http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T010&prodId=OVRC&docId=EJ3010425211&source=gale&srcprod=OVRC&userGroupName=tlc049159053&version=1.0>.

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