Opinions of Drug Abuse
This is a controversial issue where different people have different opinions.
It varies from individual to individual, from society to way of live, and from legal to illegal.
Whether it is alcohol or recreational drugs that are used, they also become abused. We talk about misuse when there is a substance used without taking the risks into account, without following rules, and for the wrong reasons. Using recreational drugs means taking gamble. These ventures can be limited by taking into account the damage and by using them in such a way that the risks are limited. (Moelker, 2008). The issue of narcotics has been around since 5000 B.C.
It has been identified that there are some ethics for prevention programs in the family, school, and community. Programs of deterrence are usually designed to enhance protective factors and reduce risk factors. Protective factors are associated with reduced potential for drug use. Risk factors are those that make drug use more likely. Research has shown that many of the same factors apply to other behaviors such as youth violence, delinquency, school dropout, risky sexual behaviors, and teen pregnancy. Some protecting factors are strong and positive family bonds; parental monitoring of children's activities and peers; clear rules of conduct that are consistently enforced within the family. Some factors in which you look at is a hectic home environments, particularly in which parents abuse substances or suffer from mental illnesses; unsuccessful parenting, especially with children that have difficult temperaments or conduct disorders; lack of parent-child attachments and nurturing; inappropriately shy or aggressive behavior in the classroom; failure in school performance; poor social coping skills; drug addiction is a brain disease. Although initial drug use might be voluntary, drugs of abuse have been shown to alter the gene expression and brain circuitry, which in turn affect human behavior. Once addiction develops, these brain changes interfere with an individual's ability to make voluntary decisions, leading to compulsive drug craving, seeking and use. The impact of addiction can be far reaching. Cardiovascular disease, stroke, cancer, HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, and lung disease can all be affected by drug abuse. Some of these effects occur when drugs are used at high doses or after prolonged use; however, some may occur after just one use. (NIDA, 2009)
Intercession is an attempt by family and/or friends to help a chemically dependent people get help for their problem. Usually involvement is successful and a person can often go onto a drug and alcohol treatment program to learn how to live life without the use of these substances. Intervention purposes is to try and help get substance abusers out of denial and show them the ways in which their disease is affecting the people they love the most. It is believed that the success rate is about 90-95 percent when done under the direction and management of a licensed intervention specialist. The abuser of drugs or alcohol does not necessarily have to be ready to get help in order for help to be initialized. Most times a successful intervention occurs when there have been significant repercussions as a result of the person's drinking or using. These events and occurrences can be used to show the chemically dependent person the ways in which life has become unmanageable. (NIR, 2009)
- Substance Abuse Prevention Program. (2009). Retrieved December 7, 2009, from Internet, University of Oregon. http://sapp.uoregon.edu/
- Drug Abuse. (2009). Retrieved December 7, 2009, from Internet, Drug abuse facts and statistics. http://www.drugabusehelp.com/statistics/
- The Science of Drug Abuse and Addiction. (2009). Retrieved December 7, 2009, from Internet, The National Institute on Drug Abuse - The science of drug abuse and addiction. http://www.nida.nih.gov
- Web4Health. (2009). Retrieved December 8, 2009, from Internet, The difference between use and abuse of addictive drugs/narcotics. http://www.web4health.info/en/answers/add-general-use-abuse.htm
- NIR. (2009). Retrieved from Internet, National Intervention Referral on Drugs. http://www.nationalinterventionreferral.org/intervention.php