It was just before 5:00 p.m., 12 January, 2010 when a heavy earthquake took place 15 miles southwest of Port-au-Prince, the capital of Haiti. This was the largest earthquake recorded in the last 200 years which destroyed and affected entire Haiti. The magnitude of the earthquake was 7.0 which affected almost 3 million people in the country. According to a research by Congressional Research Service, the Haiti government has estimated 112.000 dead, 194.000 Injured and thousands of people homeless (Morales). There were several aftershocks on the same day of primary earthquake which weakened most of the structures. Even the presidential palace collapsed and the president was evacuated outside the city. The President of Haiti, Preval, said the conditions of his country as "unimaginable", and he asked the international community for support and help. Though it wasn't enough, the international community and Haitian government put in efforts to save the victims of the disaster, and obtain sufficient aid from all the countries.
After the massive earthquake, the Haitian congress asked for National and International donations, for an immediate help to save trapped victims, to provide medical assistance to the injuries, and to reconstruct the damaged portion of the city. The earthquake congregated hundreds of thousand people in the empty areas of the capital Port-au-Prince. The Haitian government immediately provided them with tents and other primary supplies. In addition, WFP and UN distributed substantial amount of nutrient and humanitarian daily rations for the evacuated people.
The airport control points along with the communication networks were destroyed. It was very hard for the Haitian government to get control over the situation; they couldn't even manage the flights in the airport. As soon as the air traffic control was handed to the US military personal, then the airport continued to function. It was when that international search teams arrived to rescue the victims. As of January 24, 2010, 43 search teams had rescued just 143 people (Margesson). The rescue range could have increased if the National rescue team arrived to the quake scene immediately with no delay. If the international community couldn't support the Haitian government, the dead toll would have increased. "The logistics of Haiti are hell, but beyond the challenges of distance, geography, and infrastructure, the United States is proving it can do the job, and its response has been admirable and effective." James Jay Carafano, a senior research fellow at the conservative Heritage Foundation (Kitfield).
To conclude with, the sequences of the earthquake which ruined Haiti, mainly the capital Port-au-Prince, and was an exclusive example for the human kind in the 21st century. But mostly with aid of the International Community and the Haitian government, they searched for the quake victims as much as they could. They put a lot of their effort to control the disaster in the beginning; however, it didn't work sufficient but showed that there was some hope of victims' survival. The International Communities tried their best to help Haiti through assisting them by their medical teams and donations. As well as U.N. Agencies, USAID, NGOs, American Red Cross, Private Voluntary Agencies, and other developing countries have an important role in supporting the Haitian people.
- Kitfield, James. "In Haiti, A Race Against Despair." National Journal (2010): 3-3, 1p.
- Margesson, Rhoda. Haiti Earthquake: Crisis and Response. Washington DC: Congressional Research Service, 2010.
- Morales, Maureen Taft. Haiti Earthquake: Crisis and Response. Specialist on International Humanitarian Policy. Washington DC: Congressional Research Service, 2010.
- Times, by New York. The New York Times. 19 February 2010. 14 March 2010 <http://www.nytimes.com/info/haiti-earthquake-2010/>.