Nineteen Eighty Four

AO2 - Many themes are given by Orwell in Nineteen Eighty Four such as Rebellion, Love/romance, Futurism, Oppression and War. Taken to this liquid removed metropolitan where skin, attire's, and even colour gives notice of possible occurrence of more tedious and monotonous happenings in this suburb we feel insecure. At once the author Orwell gives strong evidence of win, and success with 'Victory Mansions'. Upon hearing this accomplishing noun we tend to assume multiple thoughts where we feel this novel is based upon high spirits. Quickly facing the smell of 'boiled cabbage', and 'old rag mats' we start to feel nauseous as Orwell uses the senses to make us connect with this imaginable dystopian society almost giving spirit to it making the opening page a scenic narrative technique.

A more imaginable character faces us soon after by the name of Winston Smith being followed by: "contrived yellow eyes that follow you about when you move," (George Orwell, 1949: 3) from this sudden moment we feel not only are we alone with the protagonist but in fact are being secretly followed by a mysterious face inside a mechanical metal piece. Comparing the torture Winston Smith endures through his journey to change reality we being readers can easily compare the telescreen as a mechanism that is used in today's era. Orwell creates the telescreen in a rather fearful, yet appealing way since it plays this supreme figure alongside the arcane, and seemingly omniscient Big Brother. The telescreens portray a sense of fright for the civilians being watched by it twenty four hours a day. A reasonable telescreen would be seen in a video store, or any store today for security, and safety purposes. This propaganda tool is being used as a part of surveillance to only detect anyone going against their daily day-to-day routines influencing them to help Big Brother achieve his aim. In the time when the American Civil War took place many methods were formed to convey propaganda messages to the public the most famous of all was letterpost envelopes. Thus making it seem a rather indoctrinating pattern which is being carried out in Orwell's imagination of the future. Indoctrination is being played with as a form of experiment in Brave New World where multiple methods are used to posses the bodies of innocent broods. Huxley shows bizarre yet awe-inspiring ways as we find it fascinating how the most common natural science biology becomes lethal, and deadly with results such as sleep learning, and hypnopaedic slogans. Becoming another mechanism of control each montage such as 'The more stitches the less riches' shows juxtaposition with another conversation taking place in Chapter III 'A gram is better than a damn'. Without any reason to repeat these slogans but simply because they have been conditioned to turns these innocent souls into mutations of themselves.

Orwell's novel, 1984, is seen at by many, as a informing of where the present civilization can be bearing. The narrative shows skills alike to today, for example war. There are as well similarities completely dissimilar such as people associations, 1984 identifies to the readers that the civilization is not always good. It gives a hint to the readers about what might happen to the world in the close to prospect. A sense of war taking place is seen evidently as Julia holds hands with Winston in this battle, leading her to steal real life luxuries coffee, sugar, bread, jam, and tea as a form of rebellion.

AO2- Exploring the same framework by Orwell he drastically changes his narrative technique from third person to first person becoming a rather scenic narrative from the same dull, and besotted suburb of London to this alive, active, and almost animated rural, and pastoral prairie known as 'The Golden Country'. The land of liability, which displays contrast to where Winston lives. The country plays a significant part as Winston's love is foreshadowed by this dream-like world. Winston begins to imagine of pleasurable happenings in 'The Golden Country' where he has sex with Julia for the very first time changing this phase of Winston's life into a utopian fantasy. Being the reader in my eyes 'The Golden Country' symbolises the past and has close linkage to history. Winston's dream about his mother only shows and expands one idea which is wanting to restore that idyllic freedom that was once there many years ago. Describing 'The Golden Country' as pastoral Winston highlights the fact that he wants to dive in a city filled with a pastoral lifestyle with no mechanisms. However after waking from his fantasy dream the first word he utters is 'Shakespeare'. An olden, yet legendary name which was erased years ago with his mother, and sister's memories only symbolizes one thing that Julia has been foreshadowed by Shakespeare making us realise a similar novel by Shakespeare himself based on forbidden love. Cleverly a comparison in drawn here as Romeo and Juliet's love story was based on meeting secretly, due to family feuds where as in Orwell's novel we see the feud between Party and himself, who will stop sexual intercourse resulting in alarming, and deadly consequences if caught together.

AO4- Looking at the Critical and Cultural Commentary an article based on Robert McCrum - 1984: The novel that killed George Orwell furthers this statement of The Golden Country as exploring the article we pick up on information based on Orwell's personal life. Living life on the Jura was a pleasurable experience for him in comparison to Winston's fantasy world. All the liability is seen in the way McCrum describes the passion for going 'fishing, explore the island, and potter about in the boats. In August, during a spell of lovely summer weather'. (McCrum: 8) McCrum takes us to this Postwar Britain montage where we are given a picture of a 'a sucked orange' although a description of Orwell has been given using a hybrid of ancient cultivated origins, it only makes sense after noting the fact that Orwell's life became a citrus fruit growing outdoors fulfilling his military service, plus completing Animal Farm another famous novel. Examining Brave New World Huxley avoids the utopian world. Thus looking at the chapter where Winston escapes into 'The Golden Country' we see a difference in the way both author's have written the novels. In 1984 we have a chance to glance at gratis, yet unoccupied Utopian society, where as in Huxley's novel we see nothing but only the dystopian society with more, and more vulgar plus bitter language as the chapters pass. However, although Huxley avoids using a scenic montage for a Utopian world, he includes a great deal of Utopian emotions. For example in Chapter 14 when Linda, John savage's mother passes away we see that strong and urgency from John to awake the reality in everyone so he has the chance to rekindle his love for AO1 - Linda. "Every one belongs to every . . . . "A rather bereaved and depressed ending has been given to Linda by Huxley to show the effects of the antidepressant drug Soma. A sense of utopian expressions are passed on to us by the author when describing Linda's "charged with terror" face, making it seem like murder when John tends to feel he is responsible for her death. Usually we expect our lead heroes of the novels to be kind hearted, and filled with love. Thus in Brave New World these expressions are kept hidden within John turning him into a vicious brute after the effect of his mother's death. Huxley ultimately connects Linda to the past linking her to the history of living, and understanding traditional ethics, and honesty. This is seen when she nurtures John, shows him affection and grants him as her own son from her womb. These Utopian feelings are the only distraction we get from the brutal and nasty treatments of children, and conditioning. The language used in these chapters clearly states a mother, son relationship but with that effect of Soma the death of Linda becomes superficial, and not a natural death that would happen in today's time period in history.

AO2 - Throughout the chapters in Nineteen Eighty Four we see an array of violence when Winston undergoes the treatment at the presumably 'Ministry of Truth '. In Part 2 Chapter II we see the structure of continuous abuse by the Party members. This is seen evidently as the whole chapter goes through without any paragraphs but instead as an unending thread of 'fists, sometimes it was truncheons, sometimes it was steal rods'. This makes the whole experience for Winston as alarming as ever since he has never faced such severe beatings from the Party. As the thread passes we come across more physical bullying such as 'slapped his face, wrung his ears, and pulled his hair' which makes it harder for the readers to continue the novel. Soon after we find Winston accompanied with Ampleforth a civilian whom lets the noun God exist only to use in his poetry. Once again the theme of oppression has been used by the talented author as the theme of solipsism as also been explored where Ampleforth cannot remain free even inside his own mind writing poetry. Thus being a statement making Ampleforth digest the fact that under totalitarianism even a writer is not liable to go against the omniscient Big Brother. The use of structure and language used in this part of the chapter has to be the most deadly treating Winston as an Animal, leaving him like a fish to squirm but take no action. O'Brien tells Winston that Big Brother can 'never die', thus aptly making his position in Oceania supreme - symbolizing many things such as protection, and trust. This becomes an idea of Doublethink as we know that this is not true but O'Brien makes Winston believe this to stop his act of rebellion. We start to see how the Party members or Big Brother are completely the same as Hitler and Stalin. Stalin being a communist became a psychotic and insane person after coming into power of success to Vladimir Lenin. Where as Hitler became communist and leader of Germany, giving promises of jobs to those unemployed he decided to blame the Jews thus slaughtering them in places such as concentration camps. Such similar attributes are seen in Orwell's antagonist as the use of Doublethink becomes exploited when O'Brien forces Winston to believe '2 + 2 = 5'. The use of Doublethink can be taken to a point where McCrum believes that it is 'Hypocrisy but with a twist' (McCrum: 13) I completely agree with his belief of calling Doublethink 'Hypocrisy' becoming an imaginary way to posses, and control people. Thus McCrum believes Doublethink is a great technique to use when in the pub. 'Victory Gin' a beverage often heard of in Nineteen Eighty Four is used by those whom are not associated with the Party known as the Outer Party members. A product by Oceania that is not that difficult to find is in the hands of Winston Smith towards the end of the novel giving up on life, and the fight to make history repeat itself has finally been finished with guilt. Similarly to the guilt John feels towards the end of the novel when he exorcises himself for Linda's death, and contact with Lenina. The ending of both novels closes in a rather guilty way where the crowd conditioned to believe John's attack on Lenina 'Orgy - Porgy'.

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