From the onset of reading the paper under analysis, we can relate that the subject matter concern itself with management issue and leadership tactics. But what issue specifically. In that sense, the author argument and his thesis states that the subject matter concern itself with Japanese followers leadership preference from cultural perspective, which limits to Bass and Avolio's full range leadership model and its implication, which also recognizes its universal viability of application is day to day leadership issues, but yet it is to be justified in that sense.
Hence in that sense, the evaluation herein also traces the subject matter viability right from the start, given the strong opinion and objective views that reflects respondent take on leadership preference in Japanese cultural context. From comprehending the case, we see every reason from the writer perspective to present and drive home his ideas that reflects a sound and well written paper on Japanese management preferences, especially whether Bass and Avolio's full range leadership model can be applied to culturally specific regions, as in Japanese leadership case, especially when it limits itself to followers preference.
From reading the case, it becomes clear that biases against the said leadership model, that is Bass and Avolio's full range leadership model, which is universally recognized as it is supposed, is fraught with danger. Above all, Indication from the writer understanding shows that Japanese management models reflects a huge collection of research undergone, yet, Japanese leadership and the face of it raises many questions and avenue for further research . This is the central subject matter consideration from the author part to identify the loopholes and all in between the issue under investigation. Add to it, leadership opinion is also sought which reflect leader views and that of followers leadership preference. Thus, the scope of research overall also attempts to examine leadership preference through an exploratory channel in details.
Summing it all up, we come to the conclusion that that there is every reason for the author to explore Japanese leadership followers and preferences, and in considering whether Bass and Avolio's full range leadership model and its suitability can be applied in Japanese context. In that sense, after due research and opinion backings, the writer concludes that Bass and Avolio's full range leadership model is less suitable when it concern Japanese leadership preferences among followers, where culture is one thing, indicating cultural convergence and its influence in the contemporary context.
Key Learning Points
The key learning point from the ‘subject matter' of the study can be related to leadership issues. Secondly, culturally specific leadership preference among followers also is one particular thing, which also constitutes the key learning area. Apart from that, the qualitative research undergone also familiarizes itself with the quality of the research, the backing and justification above all, which is empirically grounded.
Most importantly, Bass and Avolio's full range leadership model also familiarize itself with its application and implication in cross-cultural leadership preferences. Considering that Japan is taken as the centre to reflect the case analysis, there is every reason that cultural context and leadership in those aspects also combines the element of leadership approaches and preference among followers. And the paper thesis right from the onset states leadership preference among Japanese followers.
Above all, Japanese leadership styles and its variety also is one particular learning point. And the thesis statement itself is very specific to relate on the perception of leadership preference among followers where cultural influence and its convergence displays contemporary trends.
To top it all, there is indication from the research key learning point that leadership theories from the perspective of Japanese follower's and preference on leadership should be developed in tune with the contemporary trends. That is to say, new leadership model needs to be applied from the theoretical perspective that also reflects the contemporary trend and preference among followers to new age leadership model, which is also culturally specific.
Add to it, the paper key learning point also try to seek application of Bass and Avolio's full range leadership model, which conceptualize with transformational and transactional forms of leadership, plus its larger relevance to leadership theory and general study. But what is more specific to the learning point is that cultural and contemporary trend has a larger influence on leadership preferences among followers, when it is concentrated in Japanese cultural context. Thus, the author concerned wants to trace the relevance of the thesis by taking Japanese leadership followers preference to drive home his idea right from the start.
Statement Views and Counter Views
However, while a great deal of literature …….leadership in Japan has been relatively spare.
With reference to this statement, there is ample reason that leadership study is gaining a solid ground in the contemporary world today. We are aware that, literature of leadership also reflects a huge collection.
However, when it concern to culturally specific leadership study, and most importantly that also which mirrors follower's preference, spare and undefined study have undergone, especially in Japanese context.
Thus, we can relate as to where the subject matter relates and trace its relevance, which concern itself with the paper thesis overall.
“I don't think the idea of Japanese collectivism is entirely wrong ……….anymore”
This statement takes account of leadership follower's preference. What we can read to this consent from the respondent part is that contemporary cultural impact is gaining a solid ground in the society, especially within the realm of Japanese's cultural domains, where traditional Japanese values, and conventional leadership styles is largely questioned.
Thus, among followers, the idea of collectivism is also replaced by individualism, where everyone have their say, and when it concern with leadership preference and suitability of full range leadership model and its implication in Japanese context many probable question raises, which to some extent proves a point of the thesis of the paper.
The paper under analysis titled “Leadership Preference in Japan: An exploratory study”, researched and written by Aya Fukushige, and David P. Spicer, scholars from Bradford University School of Management, Bradford, UK, reflects a sound and empirically grounded paper, which concern itself with leadership issues, and especially the perspective of leadership followers from the Japanese cultural context.
What concern the research analysis can be laid emphasis to leadership preference among followers, especially within the cultural context of Japanese leadership that is in tune with the contemporary trends. From the onset itself, the author notes that Bass and Avolio's full range leadership model is less suitable when applied to Japanese follower's leadership preference. Though some scholar have claimed that Bass and Avolio's full range leadership model is universally acknowledge from the theoretical context to identify with any leadership study, however the author feels that is less suitability of its implication when it concern itself with Japanese followers and their leadership preference in real sense of the thesis.
Moreover, the author here is firm enough to relate that Bass and Avolio's full range leadership model is less suitable in context of Japanese leadership follower's preference in the contemporary context, given that the theory trace its belonging to western culture, and conceptualization of the same in Japanese cultural context is less suitable, where breakdown of the model suitability and its universal acknowledgement is also questioned.
In driving home the thesis of the paper and its idea, the author first reflects the research upon Japanese culture, and full range leadership model. In this part of the analysis, there is indication of the model breakdown, which is less suitable. Thus, the author concentrated his core research that take on Bass and Avolio's full range leadership model as a basis to explore the suitability of the same for followers in Japan. Firstly, the research takes into consideration on follower's response, their preference, which also acts as a basis to identify the research methodology. Secondly, what recognizes Japanese culture is also identified. In that aspects, responses is drawn in two phases, where changes in Japanese culture and reflects a clear indication full range leadership model is less suitable.
One thing is that followers prefer leader who have a well built up risk management plans, and contingency factors, rather than those who take matter lightly or with optimism. Another indication is that when it concern leadership styles in Japan today, most of it reflects a contemporary trends in leadership, and responses from followers also flows in high and diverse, where among women workers, they prefer gender equality in workplace or leaders who take such integrated efforts. But with males followers it is the opposite. Above all the research and analysis, there is a clear indication of cultural change happening in Japan, which can be backed up with the fact that seniority is replaced by meritocracy and collectivism by individualism drawing a fine line on cultural convergence and its influence on followers, where the shift from traditional modes to contemporary leadership is sensed.
Overall, the study provides a good platform for leader to take account of follower's preference, and the implication of leadership in Japanese contemporary cultural context. Moreover, the suitability of Bass and Avolio's full range leadership model is also less applicable in Japanese culture, given the cultural convergence that is witnessed. Concluding on the study overall, the author noted that new leadership model which reflects contemporary Japanese culture should be developed for a further understanding of new leadership preference among followers.
Subject Matter Application in UAE
When we subject our analysis to real cases in UAE there is ample grounds that the same trends also can be admonish in which Bass and Avolio's full range leadership model and its implication and application in context of UAE followers can show in similar results of its practicality that may be less suitable. As we are aware, UAE is the stage of full globalization effect. People aping the western culture are also gaining a solid holding, where convergence of contemporary trend can have an impact on preference among followers. In that sense, democracy and people say on leadership matters is also assumed to be diverse.
Through there have been no research undergone to relate the same in UAE, however, from cultural premises and the convergence of the ‘subject matter' in UAE, which in the contemporary context reflects a blend of modernity and traditions, there is reason enough for us to relate the case of the paper thesis and its application in UAE as well, given that UAE culture and that of the western world is largely different from one another.
Generic Learning Experience
From analyzing the case, at the onset itself we can relate to the educational benefits that familiarize itself with leadership issue. As the author claimed that leadership study and its literature are diverse, displaying a huge collection yet, some specifically grounded research of cultural influence has less been undertaken.
Above all, from leadership study and the research paper itself, we are familiar with Bass and Avolio's full range leadership model. However, its viability when applied in cultural domain is also questioned, as the case is with Japanese culture, where-in followers preference reflects the influence of culture and its convergence to leadership.
Thus, what we can conclude from a generic point of views is that ‘Theory' itself identify as one of the good platform to take course on socio-cultural studies, and when it concern to culturally centric leadership studies its basis also provides higher relevance. The learning experience when it matter to paper under analysis also gives a favorable ground to relate the case from socio-cultural perspective, and overall to trace its impact on leadership study in the ever changing world that we live in today.