Legal aspect

Legal Analysis

Legal aspect focuses on the effect of the national and world legislation. The Coca Cola Company receives all the rights applicable in the nature of their business and every inventions and product developments are always going into the patented process.

Environmental Analysis

Environmental analysis examines the local, national and world environmental issues. According to the data of the Coca Cola Company, all of the facilities are strictly monitored according to the environmental laws imposed by the government.

Last Words

With the intensive study of the PESTLE, the company will continue to emerge and develop if they manage to find solutions in different challenges that the entire organization might face.


International markets have now become the hotspots for Pepsi. These markets are Eastern Europe, Mexico, china, Saudi Arabia and India.

  • Pepsi has 37% global market share operating in 190 countries.
  • At every level of Pepsi Cola Company great care is taken to ensure that highest standards are met in everything they do. In their product, packaging, marketing and advertising, they strive for excellence because they think their customer deserves better quality products. They promise to work towards improvements in all areas of their organisation.
  • In their manufacturing and bottling process, strict quality controls are followed to ensure that Pepsi Cola products meet the same high standards of quality that customers expect from them. They also follow strict quality procedures during manufacturing and filling of their packages. Each bottle and can goes through inspection and testing process. Containers are rinsed and quickly filled through a high speed, state of the art process that helps prevent any foreign material from entering the product. Additional quality control measures help to ensure the integrity of Pepsi Cola products throughout the distribution process from warehouse to store shelf.
  • Pepsi Cola local bottlers determine which products to pack and sell in their territory based on local consumer demand and other market factors. (VI 12) How do they promote their product
  • Pepsi has a big enough market share to challenge Coca Cola. They have their best balance of promotions, communicating to their target audience through celebrities like Robbie Williams, David Bekham, Britney Spears, etc. The Pepsi chart also helps in promoting as the youth like music. Pepsi is gaining the football market from Coke. Pepsi also promotes on internet, newspaper, through sponsorships, radios, etc (
  • Pepsi also promote its products in the supermarkets by keeping discounts like buy one get one free. It also keeps competition with great prizes which catches the eye of the consumer.


The PEST analysis examines changes in a marketplace caused by Political, Economical, Social and Technological factors.

P: Political change, from one party to another in control- for example the rise in private healthcare and privatisations under Conservative governments.

Political Analysis for Coca-Cola

Non-alcoholic beverages fall within the food category under the FDA. The government plays a role within the operation of manufacturing these products in terms of regulations. There are potential fines set by the government on companies if they do not meet a standard of laws.

The following are some of the factors that could cause Coca-Cola company's actual results to differ materially from the expected results described in their underlying company's forward statement:-

  • Changes in laws and regulations, including changes in accounting standards, taxation requirements, (including tax rate changes, new tax laws and revised tax law interpretations) and environmental laws in domestic or foreign jurisdictions.
  • Changes in the non-alcoholic business environment. These include, without limitation, competitive product and pricing pressures and their ability to gain or maintain share of sales in the global market as a result of action by competitors.
  • Political conditions, especially in international markets, including civil unrest, government changes and restrictions on the ability to transfer capital across borders.
  • Their ability to penetrate developing and emerging markets, which also depends on economic and political conditions, and how well they are able to acquire or form strategic business alliances with local bottlers and make necessary infrastructure enhancements to production facilities, distribution networks, sales equipment and technology.

E: Economic change, for example a recession creating increased activity at the lower ends of product price ranges. Rate of interest rises depressing business and causing redundancies and lower spending levels.

Economic Analysis for Coca-Cola

Last year the U.S. economy was strong and nearly every part of it was growing and doing well. However, things changed. Most economists loosely define a recession as two consecutive quarters of contraction, or negative GDP growth. On Monday 26, the government officially declared that the U.S. has been in recession since March. (CBS Market Watch. " U.S. Officially in a recession." Rex Nutting. [nov 26,2001].

However, because of aggressive action by the Federal Reserve and Congress it will be short and mild. The economy will return to sustained, positive growth in the first half of 2002.

Future Outlooks

The Federal Reserve is doing all that it can help the economy recover. They have cut the interest rate ten times this year. The rate now lies at a 40-year low of 2%. Lowering the interest rates will ultimately excite consumer demand in the economy. Companies will expand and increase use of debt as a result of the low borrowing rates. Coca-Cola can borrow money for investing in other products as the interest rates are low. It can use the borrowing on research of new products or technology. As researching for new products would cost less the Coca-Cola Company will sell its products for less and the people will spend as they would get cheap products from Coca-cola.

Before the attacks on September 11, 2001, the United States was starting tot see the economy recover slightly and it is only just recently that they achieved the economic levels. Consumers are now resuming their normal habits, going to the malls, car shopping, and eating out at restaurants. However, many are still handling their money cautiously. They believe that with lower inflation still to come, consumers will recover their confidence over the next year.

The non-alcoholic beverage industry has high sales in countries outside the U.S. According to the Standard and Poor's Industry surveys, "For major soft drink companies, there has been economic improvement in many major international markets, such as Japan, Brazil, and Germany." These markets will continue to play a major role in the success and stable growth for a majority of the non-alcoholic beverage industry.

S: Social changeinvolves changing attitudes and lifestyles. The increasing number of women going out to work, for example, led to the need for time-saving products for the home.

Social Analysis for Coca-Cola

Many U.S. citizens are practicing healthier lifestyles. This has affected the non-alcoholic beverage industry in that many are switching to bottled water and diet colas instead of beer and other alcoholic beverages. Also, time management has increased and is at approximately 43% of all households. ( The need for bottled water and other more convenient and healthy products are in important in the average day-to-day life.

Consumers from the ages of 37 to 55 are also increasingly concerned with nutrition. There is a large population of the age range known as the baby boomers. Since many are reaching an older age in life they are becoming more concerned with increasing their longevity. This will continue to affect the non-alcoholic beverage industry by increasing the demand overall and in the healthier beverages.

T: Technological change- creates opportunities for new products and product improvements and of course new marketing techniques- the Internet, e-commerce.

Technological Analysis for Coca-Cola

Some factors that cause company's actual results to differ materially from the expected results are as follows:

  • The effectiveness of company's advertising, marketing and promotional programs. The new technology of internet and television which use special effects for advertising through media. They make some products look attractive. This helps in selling of the products. This advertising makes the product attractive. This technology is being used in media to sell their products.
  • Introduction of cans and plastic bottles have increased sales for Coca-Cola as these are easier to carry and you can bin them once they are used.
  • As the technology is getting advanced there has been introduction of new machineries all the time. Due to introduction of this machineries the production of the Coca-Cola company has increased tremendously then it was few years ago
  • CCE has six factories in Britain which use the most stat-of the-art drinks technology to ensure top product quality and speedy delivery. Europe's largest soft drinks factory was opened by CCE in Wakefield, Yorkshire in 1990. The Wakefield factory has the technology to produce cans of Coca-Cola faster than bullets from a machine gun.

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